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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Hellenistic Monarchies ▸ Indo-Scythian KingdomView Options:  |  |  | 

Indo-Scythian

Alexander's successors in India became increasingly isolated and eventually became an island of Hellenic people, completely cut off from their western kinsman. Surrounded on all sides, they succumbed to the superior numbers of local people and disappeared from history.


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.

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Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
WA90095. Bronze hexachalkon, Senior 102.193, Mitchiner ACW 2386, Mitchiner IGIS 850f, HGC 12 657, aVF, weight 12.825 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 135o, Taxila Sirsukh B(?) mint, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY (King of Kings, Azes the Great), humped bull standing right, Kharosthi monogram above, Kharosthi letter "jha" before forelegs; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajadirajasa mahatasa Ayasa (great king, king of kings, Azes the Great), mane-less lion standing right, Kharosthi monogram above; ex Ancient Imports; $70.00 (€62.30)
 


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
GS71385. Silver drachm, Fröhlich 248 ff.; Mitchiner IGIS, vol. 6, 825d; Senior 96.41D; HGC 12 651 (R), VF, weight 2.027 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 90o, Taxila Sirsukh mint, c. 35 B.C. - 5 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY, king riding right on horseback, raising right hand, whip over shoulder in left hand, Karosthi letter Sa before horse; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa, Pallas Athena standing right, raising right hand, shield on left arm, transverse spear over back, Karosthi monogram left, Karosthi monogram right; $55.00 (€48.95)
 


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - c. 5 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
BB75464. Silver drachm, cf. Senior 105.223D, Fröhlich 222, cf. Mitchiner IGIS 859 (various controls), HGC 12 655, gF, toned, tight flan, porous, weight 1.857 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Mir Zakah(?) mint, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY, king on horseback riding right, whip in right hand, Kharosthi monogram (control) right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa rajatirajasa mahatasa Ayasa, Zeus standing left, Nike extended in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Kharosthi monogram (control) left, B over Kharosthi letter Vi (control) right; $27.00 (€24.03)
 


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - c. 5 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
WA74998. Silver drachm, Senior 105.230D, Fröhlich 236 var. (annulet over Va-Su), cf. Mitchiner IGIS 859 (various controls), HGC 12 655, aVF, tight flan, porous, weight 2.176 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, Mir Zakah(?) mint, obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY, king on horseback riding right, whip in right hand, Kharosthi monogram (control) right; reverse Kharosthi legend: maharajasa rajatirajasa mahatasa Ayasa, Zeus standing left, Nike extended in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Kharosthi monogram (control) left, Kharosthi monogram Va-Su (control) right; $27.00 (€24.03)
 


Indo-Scythian Kingdom, Azes II, c. 35 B.C. - c. 5 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
Azes II may have been the last Indo-Scythian king in the northern Indian subcontinent (modern day Pakistan). Indo-Scythian rule crumbled under the conquests of the Kushans who expanded into India to create the Kushan Empire. Senior and Hoover now believe Azes II did not exist and attribute all Azes coins to Azes I or as posthumous imitative issues. A type attributed to Azes I has been found overstruck on a coin traditionally attributed to Azes II, supporting their hypothesis.
WA74999. Silver drachm, Senior 98.101TD, Fröhlich 258 - 263 var. (obv. letter), Mitchiner IGIS type 847c, HGC 12 653 (S), VF, porous, tight flan, weight 1.453 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 0o, western Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 35 B.C. - c. 5 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN MEΓAΛOY AZOY, king riding right on horseback, wearing armor, raising right hand, whip over shoulder in left hand, Karosthi letter La (control) before horse; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharajasa rajarajasa mahatasa Ayasa (of Great King, King of Kings Azes the Great), Pallas Athena standing right, raising right hand, shield on left arm, transverse spear in left hand, without extra drapery, Karosthi monograms (controls) left and right; $27.00 (€24.03)
 


Indo-Scythians, Kushanas Yuezhi in Hindu Kush and Gandhara, c. 55 - 45 B.C., Imitative of Hermaios

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Hermaios, the last Indo-Greek king, ruled in the Hindu-Kush region, from Alexandria in Arachosia (Kandahar, Afganistan), c. 105 - 90 B.C. His prosperous rule ended when the Scythian Kushanas Yuezhi invaded from neighboring Bactria. With his defeat, the isolated area of Greek domination in the east, which had lasted three centuries since the invasion of Alexander the Great, came to an end. The new rulers widely copied Hermaios coinage for many decades, in an increasingly debased and barbarized form.
BB75430. Silver drachm, Senior Hermaios 39aD.2/2q, Bopearachchi series 19, Mitchiner IGIS III 420i, HGC 12 307 (R1), aF, toned, tight flan, marks, corrosion, weight 1.647 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, eastern Gandhara, uncertain mint, c. 55 - 45 B.C.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣΩTHPOΣ (clockwise above), EPMAIOY (counterclockwise below), diademed and draped bust of Hermaios right, flowing diadem ties, dotted hair; reverse Kharosthi legend: Maharaajasa tratarasa Heramayasa (of Great King Hermaios the Savior), Zeus enthroned half left, chest bare, himation around hips and legs and over left shoulder, legs apart, right hand raised in benediction, scepter in left hand, Kharosthi monogram left, Greek N(?) over Karosthi letter To(?) right of throne; rare; $21.00 (€18.69)
 







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REFERENCES

Bopearachchi, O. Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian Coins in the Smithsonian Institution. (Washington D.C., 1993).
Bopearachchi, O. Monnaies Gréco-Bactriennes et Indo-Grecques. (Paris, 1991).
Bopearachchi, O & A. ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. (Karachi, 1995).
Fröhlich, C. Monnaies indo-scythes et indo-parthes, Catalogue raisonné Bibliothèque nationale de France. (Paris, 2008).
Mitchiner, M. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. (London, 1975-1976).
Mitchiner, M. Oriental Coins: the Ancient and Classical World. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 2, Asia and Africa. (London, 1979).
Senior, R. Indo-Scythian Coins and History. (London, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 7: Cyprus to India. (New Jersey, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 9: Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. (New York, 1998).

Catalog current as of Saturday, March 25, 2017.
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Indo-Scythian