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Baktrian Kingdom, Euthydemos I Theos Megas, c. 225 - 195 B.C.
Euthydemus was allegedly a native of Magnesia and a son of General Apollodotus. According to Polybius, Euthydemus was a Satrap of Sogdiana who ousted the dynasty of Diodotus from Bactria and made himself king. His kingdom seems to have been substantial, including Sogdiana to the north, and Margiana and Ariana to the south or east of Bactria. When Antiochus III the Great attacked in 208 B.C., Euthydemus lost the Battle of the Arius but then resisted a three-year siege in the fortified city of Bactra. Euthydemus negotiated peace asserting that he toppled the descendants of the rebel Diodotus and provided a barrier to barbarian invasions. Antiochus decided to recognize him as king, and offered one of his daughters to Euthydemus' son Demetrius.WA73959. Bronze double unit, Kritt Dynastic AK-1, Bopearachchi series 17, SNG ANS 147, Mitchiner IGIS 87, SGCV II 7523, HGC 12 53 (R1), F, thick flan with beveled edge, corrosion, weight 7.245 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 45o, Ai Khanoum mint, c. 225 - 208/6 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Herakles right; reverse horse prancing right, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, EYΘY∆HMOY below; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
India, Kabul and Gandhara, Anonymous Post-Shahi, 1021 - 1200 A.D.
Mitchiner notes the Ghaznavids occupied the Shahi Kingdom and some of these coins may have been struck by them, however, the major issuers were probably the Chahamanas.WA74839. Billon jital, "Bull and Horseman" jital; cf. Palomares Buenotype 3, MacDowall 33bis, Mitchiner NI 473, Deyell 235-236, Tye 33, VF, small tight flan dumpy fabric, light corrosion, light earthen deposits, weight 3.418 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 225o, c. 1021 - 1200 A.D.; obverse Sri Samanta Deva, Recumbent zebu left, star and crescent before; reverse sarada aksara, horseman right, holding banner, 'Bhi' on left; $34.00 (€28.90)
Scythians, Dahae of Choresmia, c. 130 - 1 B.C.
Dahaeans were a confederacy of three Ancient Iranian tribes who lived in the region to the immediate east of the Caspian Sea. They spoke an Eastern Iranian language.SH62929. Silver drachm, Mitchiner IGIS 5, 671; Mitchiner ACW 355, VF, weight 1.373 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, obverse diademed bearded bust right, κω∆ behind; reverse HOΛOVKVO (or similar), soldier standing facing, spear vertical in right; rare; SOLD
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