, Roman Protectorate, c. 166 - 165 B.C.
identified the Latin D on the and the as a name pun for D. Junius Silanus, the Roman of , in 142 - 141 B.C. This was a charming possibility but, based primarily on hoard evidence, (in 14, 1968) and others have reassigned this to the years immediately following the creation of the Roman Protectorate.GB84933. Bronze AE 21, pp. 8 - 9 & pl. III, 10; p. 14, 55; 1324 - 1326; 212, 25; 1224, VF, nice green , a little off center, 8.044 g, maximum 21.3 mm, 270o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 166 - 165 B.C.; facing mask of wearing ivy ; MAKE/∆ONΩN in two lines, Latin letter D above, all within ivy ; ; $220.00 (€195.80)
Olynthos, Chalkidian League, , 420 - 348 B.C.
In 432 B.C. Olynthos broke away from Athens and, with several other cities, formed the Chalkidian league. In 393, Amyntas III of temporally transferred territory to Olynthos when he was driven out of by Illyrians. When he was and the league did not return his lands, he appealed to Sparta. Akanthos and Apollonia, also appealed to Sparta, claiming league membership was not voluntary but enforced at the point of a sword. After a long war, in 379 these cities were made "autonomous" subject allies of Sparta. Weakened by the division, the league was destroyed by of Macedon in 348 B.C.SH64053. Silver tetrobol, group D, 38 (same dies); pl. 313, 10; -; -; -, VF, 2.043 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, Olynthos mint, c. 420 - 348 B.C.; OΛYNΘ (counter-clockwise), laureate of left; XAΛKI∆EΩN, with eight strings, squared around, all within a shallow square; ; $215.00 (€191.35)
Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, c. Mid 5th Century B.C.
Monkeys were kept as pets in antiquity. We know of only two ancient coin types depicting monkeys. One is this very , with the monkey squatting either left or right. The other is an hemihekte from Kyzikos, with fewer than five known specimens.
CE84168. Silver tetartemorion, 67 var. (monkey left); cf, pl. 7, 13 (different , damaged die?), aEF, very tiny coin, a little off center, porous, 0.209 g, maximum 6.3 mm, uncertain mint, c. mid 5th century B.C.; monkey squatting right; round within square; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 39 (3 Jan 2016), lot 47; very ; $200.00 (€178.00)
Akanthos, , c. 525 - 470 B.C.
Akanthos was on the Athos peninsula of Chalcidice, near modern Ierissos. The name Akanthos (derived from the bush) may refer to the thorny nature of the town's foundation. According to Thucydides, in the 7th century B.C., from Andros and arrived on the near at the same time. The frightened natives fled. When the realized the town was empty, each group sent a runner to take the town first. The Chalcidian was the fastest but the Andrian, seeing he was losing, stopped and threw his spear in the city's gate before his opponent arrived. A court case followed, which was won by the Andrians because they had "taken over" the city first.GA85066. Silver tetrobol, 7; 18; 4; II 1875, p. 33, 10; III/2 13; 84, VF, , tiny edge cracks, 2.317 g, maximum 15.3 mm, Akanthos (Ierissos, ) mint, c. 525 - 470 B.C.; forepart of right, turned so the top of the is seen, floral ornament ( ?) above, dotted line at truncation, dotted ground line; quadripartite square; ex & Mosch auction 245, of lot 1906; $180.00 (€160.20)
Eion, , c. 470 - 460 B.C.
Published examples of this are about twice the of this coin and identified as diobols and trihemiobols. Our coin might be an underweight or , but the is closer to an .
Eion was only about 3 miles from Amphipolis and after the 5th century was merely a seaport of its large neighbor. The is either a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.
GA79647. Silver , cf. 275; 3084; p. 75, 21; III/2, p. 140, 37 (diobols and trihemiobols), VF, etched surfaces, 0.664 g, maximum 10.4 mm, Eion mint, c. 470 - 460 B.C.; goose standing right, on decorated base, left leg raised, turned back, lizard left above, Θ lower left; rough mill sail pattern; $160.00 (€142.40)
Eion, , c. 500 - 437 B.C.
Eion was only about three miles from Amphipolis and from the late 5th century onwards served merely as a seaport of its much larger neighbor. The is variously described as a or . The significance of the is not clear, but presumably makes reference to the characteristic fauna of the region at that time.
GA77599. Silver , 280 - 283, 180 , 29, 151, p. 75, 21, aVF, , light , edge split, porous, 0.661 g, maximum 11.5 mm, Eion mint, c. 500 - 437 B.C.; goose standing right, looking back, lizard above; quadripartite square; $135.00 (€120.15)
Mende, , 400 - 346 B.C.
Mende was an ancient colony of , on the SW side of Cape Poseidion in Pallene. Its coins illustrate some forgotten myth of Dionysos, his companion Seilenos, and an ass. The wine of Mende was famous and is frequently mentioned by ancient writers. It is unlikely that Mende struck any coins after it was first captured by Philip in 358 B.C.GB68715. Bronze , 221; 397 var. (crescent above); p. 83, 13 var. (no ivy branch), VF, 1.078 g, maximum 11.2 mm, 315o, Mende mint, 400 - 346 B.C.; of youthful Dionysos to left, wearing ivy ; MEN, with tall handles, ivy branch left; ; $90.00 (€80.10)
, The Great, 336 - 323 B.C.
Issued during lifetime of Alexander the Great.
GB84519. Bronze AE 18, 337, 1558, 716, -, -, -, -, aVF, dark green , on a , earthen deposits, , light marks and scratches, 6.376 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 0o, Macedonian mint, c. 327 - 323 B.C.; of Herakles right, clad in scalp headdress tied at neck; AΛEΞAN∆POY, bow inside bow case above, club over AΛ and round below; ; $80.00 (€71.20)
Skione, , c. 400 - 350 B.C.
Skione, in Pallene, on the southern coast of the westernmost headland of Chalcidice, east of the modern town of Nea Skioni, was founded c. 700 B.C. by settlers from Achaea. The Scionaeans claimed their ancestors settled there after their ships were blown to the site by the storm that caught the Achaeans on their return from Troy. In early 423 B.C., encouraged by promises of support from the Spartan general Brasidas, Skione revolted against Athens. In summer 421, after a long siege, the Athenians took the city, put the adult males to death, enslaved the women and children, and gave the land to Plataea, an ally of Athens. By Roman imperial times, Skione had nearly disappeared.GB67654. Bronze AE 19, 321, 716, 1282, F, , 4.470 g, maximum 18.7 mm, 90o, Skione mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; diademed male ( ?) right; ΣKIΩ−N (or similar), Corinthian helmet right; ; $55.00 (€48.95)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Edessa,
Edessa, struck coins from 27 B.C. to 268 A.D. Located on the Via , the city prospered in under the Romans but disappeared from history after 500 A.D. In 304 B.C., Seleucus I Nicator commemorated Edessa, by founding a city named Edessa in northern .RP83477. Bronze diassarion, 33 ff., (D12/-); p. 40, 27; 3669 (R4); 169; 1086 (none with this die), F, , green , centration dimple on , large pit on , 10.085 g, maximum 24.7 mm, 0o, Edessa mint, AV K M AN ΓOP∆IANOC, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; E∆ECCAIΩN, seated left on , wearing crested Corinthian helmet, in right hand, in left hand; standing behind , wearing turreted crown, crowning with a in her right hand, in left hand; $50.00 (€44.50)
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