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Other and Uncertain Byzantine Mints
At least 15 Byzantine mints were operational during Justinian's long reign and re-conquests of Italy, Spain and North Africa, including new mints at Constantine in Numidia, Perugia in Umbria, Salona in Dalmatia, and Carthagena in Spain. Alexandretta (Iskenderun, Turkey today) was used as a mint by Heraclius during his revolt against Phocas (609 - 610) but was closed once he controlled Constantinople. Jerusalem opened briefly about 609 - 615. Heraclius also opened Seleucia, Isaura and Constantia in Cyprus. Constans II (641 - 668) opened a mint at Naples. Carthagena fell to the Visagoths about 620 and although some new mints opened in the following centuries the tide had turned against the empire. Later mints included Sardina, Magnesia, and possibly Philippopolis, and Corinth.