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The Rome mint reopened about 540, after Justinian's conquests in Italy. It closed during the reign of Constantine V (741- 775).
Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
NEP RED on the reverse abbreviates Neptuno Redux, Neptune who brings back the Emperor in safety by sea. Hadrian toured Greece, 124 - 125, made a detour to Sicily, and returned to Italy in 126. This type honors Neptune for ensuring Hadrian's safety during his sea voyages.RB88005. Orichalcumsestertius, RIC II 651, BMCRE III 1318, Cohen II 980, SRCV II 3612, Hunter II 438 var. (dolphin vice acrostolium), VF, well centered, nice style, Tiberpatina, edge cracks, weight 22.893 g, maximum diameter 33.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 126 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVGVSTVS, laureate head right, drapery on left shoulder; reverseCOS III, Neptune standing right, left knee bend and left foot on prow, nude but for cloak over left thigh, trident vertical with head down behind in right hand, acrostolium in left hand, NEP - RED / S - C in two divided lines across field; ex William Rosenblum, mailbid sale 38C (5 Jun 2008), lot 120; $280.00 (€238.00)
Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
Liberality (generosity), being one of the princely virtues and at the same time an understandably very popular quality, appears both as a legend and as a type on a great many Roman imperial coins. These coins usually attest to an occasion when the emperor distributed gifts to the people. Most often a specified sum of money, or sometimes grain, was given to each person. Inscriptions on the coins often included the number of times, I, II, III, up to VIII, that the emperor has displayed his liberality with a distribution.RS87864. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 38b, RSC IV 87, Hunter III 21, SRCV III 8937, Choice EF, full circle centering on a broad flan, sharp portrait, flow lines, reverse die wear, weight 4.756 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseLIBERALITASAVGG II (the 2nd liberality [distribution of gifts to the people] by the Emperors), Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; ex Beast Coins; $100.00 (€85.00)
Otacilia Severa, Augusta February or March 244 - September or October 249 A.D.
In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. She is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).RS87839. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 119b, RSC IV 9, SRCV III 9148, Hunter III - (p. xci), Choice VF, well centered, toned, a few bumps and scratches, die wear, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.983 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, c. 245 A.D.; obverseMARCIA OTACIL SEVERA AVG, diademed and draped bust right set on crescent; reverseCONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the Emperor and Empress), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; $60.00 (€51.00)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
This coin is dedicated to Felicitas for bringing lucky times. But Gordian was not so lucky, he died soon after this coin was minted. He was most likely murdered by his successor, Philip I.RS87826. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 142, RSC IV 81, Hunter III 49, SRCV III 8608, Choice VF, full circle centering on a broad flan, old cabinet toning, excellent portrait, struck with a worn reverse die, weight 4.203 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 225o, Rome mint, 243 - Feb 244 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassedbust right, seen from behind; reverseFELICITAS TEMPORVM (happy times), Felicitas standing facing, head left, long caduceus vertical in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $45.00 (€38.25)
Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.
In 562, Belisarius stood trial for corruption in Constantinople, possibly with Procopius acting as praefectus urbi. He was found guilty and sent to prison.BZ67007. Bronze decanummium, DOC I 353 (Ravenna), Wroth BMC 407 (Ravenna), SBCV 326 (Ravenna), Hahn MIB I 29a (Rome), Sommer 4.155 (Rome), Ratto -, F, nice green patina, weight 2.846 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 180o, Ravenna or Rome mint, 562 - 563 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassedbust facing, holding globus cruciger in right, shield in left; reverse large I (10 nummi), ANNO left, XX/XVI (regnal year 36) right, all within wreath, no mintmark; $36.00 (€30.60)