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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine Mints ▸ SyracuseView Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Syracuse (c. 540 - 878)

Justinian I struck coins in Sicily, most likely at Syracuse beginning in the 540's. The Syracuse mint remained operational until the city was captured by the Arabs in 878.


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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Most references date this type to the joint reign of Michael II and his son Theophilus II (12 May 821 - 2 Oct 829 A.D.) Anastasi identified it as Theophilus' first issue after Michael's death (2 Oct 829 - 830 A.D.).

Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.
SH83908. Gold solidus, DOC III, part 1, 15a; Anastasi 515c; Wroth BMC 11; Tolstoi 13; SBCV 1646; Sommer 30.6; Morrisson BnF -; Ratto -, VF, slightly irregular tight flan, weight 3.794 g, maximum diameter 13.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 829 - 830 A.D.; obverse MI-XAHL bA, bearded facing bust of Michael, wearing chlamys and crown with cross, globus cruciger in right hand; reverse ΘE-OFILO bA, beardless facing bust of Theophilus, wearing loros and crown with cross, cross potent in right hand; from the Robert Watcher Collection; very rare; $890.00 (792.10)


Byzantine Empire, Leontius, 695 - 698 A.D.

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This half-follis of Leontius was first identified and published by S. J. Mansfield, in "A New Coin of the Byzantine Emperor Leontius" in Numismatic Circular, Nov 1999. It is otherwise unpublished and this is the second known specimen.
BZ73337. Bronze half follis, Mansfield, S. J., A New Coin of the Byzantine Emperor Leontius in Num. Circ., Nov 1999; DOC II part 2 -; Anastasi -, SBCV -, Hahn MIB III -, et al. -, F, rough green patina, weight 2.806 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 695 - 696 A.D.; obverse half length bust facing with short beard, wearing crown with cross and loros with pelleted lozenge pattern, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large K (40 nummi), cruciform Leontius monogram (Anastasi monogram 5) above, cross left, I (year 1) right, SCL in exergue; great rarity, 2nd known; $600.00 (534.00)


Constantine IV Pogonatus, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

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Constantine IV Pogonatus should be credited with saving Europe from Muslim conquest. Beginning in 674, the great siege of Constantinople, by the caliph Muawiyah I, lasted four years. The newly invented famous "Greek Fire" made the city impregnable and the Arabs were forced to retreat. In 681 he deposed his two brothers. He was succeeded by his 16-year-old son Justinian II.
BZ84239. Bronze half follis, Anastasi 245, DOC II 67, Spahr 186, Hahn MIB III 112, SBCV 1214, Berk -, VF, green patina, rough, weight 2.566 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 679 - 681 A.D.; obverse helmeted and cuirassed bust facing slightly right, holding spear over shoulder; reverse large K, cross above, +AN-NO ∆ (year 4) flanking left and right; very rare; $450.00 (400.50)


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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Theophilus was an accomplished scholar and highly cultured. Although he admired Arab art and civilization, he was obliged to expend much effort defending his eastern frontier against Mutasim, the Caliph of Baghdad. He died of dysentery.
BZ76335. Bronze follis, Anastasi 554b; Spahr 413; SBCV 1680; DOC III, part 1, 29; Sommer 31.13, Nice VF, broad heavy flan for the type, nice green patina, weight 5.418 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Syracuse mint, 831 - 835 A.D.; obverse ΘEOFIL bAS, crowned bust facing, wearing loros, cross potent in right; reverse MIXHAL S CONST, facing busts of Michael II (left) and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, star above center; rare this size; $310.00 (275.90)


Byzantine Empire, Leo V and Constantine, 25 December 813 - 25 December 820 A.D.

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In 815, Leo concluded a 30-year peace treaty with Khan Omurtag of Bulgaria. The treaty was honored by both sides and renewed after the accession of Michael II in 820. In 821, Thomas the Slav rebelled and laid siege to Constantinople to seize the Imperial throne. Omurtag sent an army to help Michael II put down the rebellion. Byzantine accounts report that Thomas' army was routed at the Battle of Kedouktos (winter 822 or spring 823), however, modern scholars consider the battle a victory, albeit costly, for the rebel.
BZ76324. Bronze follis, Anastasi 497; DOC III, part 1, 19; Morrisson BnF 30/Sy/AE/01; Wroth BMC 22; Tolstoi 22; Ratto 1803; SBCV 1635; Sommer 29.7, gVF, well centered on an oval flan, light marks and porosity, weight 3.886 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 817 - 25 Dec 820 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Leo, on left, with short beard and Constantine, each wears crown and chlamys, cross between above; reverse ΛK (initials of Leon and Konstantine), cross above; $270.00 (240.30)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

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This coin is unusual and possibly unique because it was struck with small dies on a larger older coin, resulting in an appearance similar to countermarking. Other coins were struck in Sicily for Heraclius with countermark-like dies, but not with these types. This coin may have been struck under Constans II vice Heraclius.
SH68126. Bronze half follis, for Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine: cf. DOC II, part 1, 124; for Constans II and Constantine IV: cf. DOC II, part 2, 94, F, overstruck, obverse off-center, weight 3.329 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Syracuse (or Constantinopolis?) mint, obverse Heraclius (or Constans II?), on left, wearing military dress, long cross in right and akakia in left; Heraclius Constantine (or Constantine IV), on right (mostly off flan), wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse large K (20 nummi), ANNO left, X[?] right, A below; unique(?); $260.00 (231.40)


Byzantine Empire, Constans II, September 641 - 15 July 668 A.D.

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BZ76312. Bronze half follis, DOC II part 2, 183; SBCV 1113; Spahr 120; Hahn MIB 212; Anastasi 118, VF, well centered on a ragged flan, nice green patina, scratches, weight 4.620 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, c. 650 - 651 A.D.; obverse facing bust with long beard, wearing chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, cross surmounted by palm on right; reverse large Constans monogram , between A/N left and I (regnal year 1) right; very scarce; $135.00 (120.15)


Byzantine Empire, Theophilus, 12 May 821 - 20 January 842 A.D.

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Some regard Theophilus as one of the best Byzantine emperors, others as an ordinary and insignificant ruler. He certainly did his best to check corruption and oppression. His personal leadership in battle indicates he was not afraid to command and put his life alongside that of his soldiers. Despite the drain of war and the large sums spent on building, commerce, and industry, the finances of the Empire flourished, largely due to highly efficient administration. He strengthened the Walls of Constantinople and built a hospital, which continued in existence until the twilight of the Empire.
BZ71131. Bronze half follis, Anastasi 562; Ratto 1837; DOC III, part 1, 29c (follis); SBCV 1680 (follis); Spahr 414 (follis); Sommer 31.14 (follis); Trivero -; Calciati MBBS -, VF, typical tight flan and uneven strike, "emaciated face" style variant, weight 1.821 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 835 - 20 Jan 842; obverse ΘEOFIL bAS, bust facing, wearing domed crown, loros, cross potent in right; reverse + MIXHAL S CONST, facing busts of Michael II (left) and Constantine, each wears domed crown and chlamys, star above center; $110.00 (97.90)


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

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Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.
BZ76325. Bronze follis, Anastasi 434; DOC III, part 1, 19; Wroth BMC 35, Tolstoi 53, Ratto 1757, SBCV 1569, VF, nice nice green patina, usual crowed flan, weight 2.546 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse K - ΛE/O/N, Constantine V and Leo IV, each stand facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, cross between heads; reverse Λ/E/O/N - ∆/E/C/Π, Leo III standing facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, cross potent in right hand; $105.00 (93.45)


Byzantine Empire, Constantine V and Leo IV, 6 June 751 - 14 September 775 A.D.

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Constantine V was a successful military commander, defeating Bulgarians and Umayyad Muslims. Unfortunately his iconoclast policies diminished Byzantine influence in the West and he lost Ravenna to the Lombards in 751 A.D.
BZ76313. Bronze follis, Anastasi 434; DOC III, part 1, 19; Wroth BMC 35, Tolstoi 53, Ratto 1757, SBCV 1569, VF, well centered on a tight flan cutting off most the inscriptions, green patina, scratches, weight 2.272 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, Syracuse mint, 757 - 14 Sep 775 A.D.; obverse K - ΛE/O/N, Constantine V and Leo IV, each stand facing wearing crown and chlamys and holding akakia, cross between heads; reverse Λ/E/O/N - ∆/E/C/Π, Leo III standing facing, bearded, wearing crown and chlamys, cross potent in right hand; $75.00 (66.75)




  



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Byzantine Syracuse