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The Carthage mint reopened in 533 or 534 after Justinian's conquests. Carthage was lost to the Arabs, c 695.
Carthage, Punic Sardinia, c. 216 - 215 B.C.
This scarce type was issued by Carthaginian forces that landed on Roman ruled Sardinia during the 2nd Punic War. Soon after the start of the Second Punic War between Carthage and Rome, fought from 218 to 201 B.C., the Carthaginian general Hannibal marched over the Alps, invaded Italy, and scored great victories at Lake Trasimene and Cannae. The Romans adopted the Fabian strategy - avoiding battle against Hannibal and defeating his allies and the other Carthaginian generals instead. Scipio Africanus finally defeated Hannibal in 202 B.C., victory put Rome in control of the western Mediterranean and much of Spain.GB91492. Bronze AE 18, Viola CNP 377l, SNG Cop 1103, SNG Milan XIV 731, Macdonald Hunter 133, McClean 3065, de Luynes IV 3890, Alexandropoulos MAA -, Choice VF, well toned, attractive style, well centered, weight 4.413 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Sardinia, uncertain mint, Second Punic War, c. 216 - 215 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple drop earring, Punic letter zayin below chin; reverse bull standing right, star of eight rays around a central pellet above, Punic letters ayin taw (from right to left) lower right; scarce; SOLD
Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, c. 400 - 350 B.C.
By 400 B.C., Carthage was obsessed with taking Sicily. Over the next sixty years, Carthaginian and Greek forces engaged in a constant series of skirmishes. In 398, Dionysius took the Carthaginian stronghold of Motya. Milch responded by retaking Motya and capturing Messina. Himilco then laid siege to Syracuse itself. He was close to success in 397, but in 396 a plague ravaged the Carthaginian forces and they collapsed. The fighting swung in favor of Carthage in 387. After winning a naval battle off Catania, Himilco laid siege to Syracuse with 50,000 Carthaginians, but yet another epidemic struck down thousands of them. Dionysius' surprise counterattack destroyed all the Carthaginian ships while most of the men were ashore. At the same time, his ground forces stormed the besiegers' lines. Himilco and his chief officers abandoned their army and fled to Carthage in disgrace. He was very badly received and later committed suicide by starving himself. By 340 B.C., Carthage had been pushed entirely into the southwest corner of the island.GB87739. Bronze AE 16, Alexandropoulos 18, SNG Cop 109 ff., Müller Afrique 163, SGCV II 6444, VF, toned bare bronze, nice detail, a little rough, weight 2.517 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian(?) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earring, and necklace with many pendants; reverse unbridled horse right, date palm tree in center background, three pellets forming a triangle right; SOLD
Byzantine Empire, Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.
The only other example of this variant known to Forum is CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (misdescribed as an ordinary SBCV 1270). All other examples have the K below the H on the left, vice below the Λ on the right. Even the "normal" SBCV 1270 type is missing from the Dumbarton Oaks collection (DOC II 33 refs the Tolstoi coin) and described by Grierson as an extreme rarity.
The cruciform monogram on the obverse left is a monogram of the "God-bearer" (the Virgin Mary). The cruciform monogram on the right is for Justinian. SH73338. Bronze follis, CNG auction 88, lot 1695 (described as SBCV 1270); cf. SBCV 1270, Tolstoi 81, DOC II 33, Morrisson BnF 15/Ct/AE/03, Hahn MIB 56 (all K below H left), gVF, weight 3.187 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Carthage mint, 1st reign, c. 694 - 695 A.D.(?); obverse Justinian standing facing, crown with cross and chlamys, globus cruciger in right hand, akakia in left hand, retrograde cruciform ΘEOTOKE BOHΘEI monogram left, cruciform Justinian monogram right; reverse no legend, large M (40 nummi), Justinian monogram above, H (year 8?) left, Λ over K right, KΓω in exergue; extreme rarity, 2nd known; SOLD