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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Byzantine Coins ▸ Byzantine Mints ▸ NikomediaView Options:  |  |  | 

Byzantine Nicomedia, Bithynia (498 - 627)

The Nicomedia mint reopenned after Anastasius' reform of 498 to assist in issuing the new denominations of copper coinage and closed in 627. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, Nicomedia was a major military base, important in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. By the 9th century much of the city, except for a hilltop citadel, was abandoned and in ruins. Nicomedia was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.


Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

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A major earthquake on 24 August 358 caused extensive devastation to Nicomedia and was followed by a fire which completed the catastrophe. Nicomedia was rebuilt, but on a smaller scale. In the sixth century under Emperor Justinian I the city was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate. From the 840s on, Nicomedia was the capital of the thema of the Optimatoi. By that time, most of the old, seawards city had been abandoned and is described by the Persian geographer Ibn Khurdadhbih as lying in ruins. The settlement was restricted to the hilltop citadel. In the 1080s, the city served as the main military base for Alexios I Komnenos in his campaigns against the Seljuk Turks, and the First and Second Crusades both encamped there. The city was held by the Latin Empire between 1204 and c. 1240, when it was recovered by John III Vatatzes. It remained in Byzantine control for a further century, but following the Byzantine defeat at the Battle of Bapheus in 1302, it was threatened by the rising Ottoman beylik. The city was twice blockaded by the Ottomans (in 1304 and 1330) before finally succumbing in 1337.
BZ82687. Bronze follis, DOC I 28b, Morrisson BnF I 2/Ni/AE/01, Wroth BMC 53, Ratto 417, Hahn MIB I 35, Sommer 2.26, Berk 65, SBCV 83, Tolstoi -, gF, well centered, very dark green patina, highlighting red earthen deposits, edge split/crack, weight 13.231 g, maximum diameter 32.4 mm, die axis 180o, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 522 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINVS P P AVG, diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse large M (40 nummi) between two stars, cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKM (Nicomedia) in exergue; from an American Collector; $70.00 (Ä59.50)


Byzantine Empire, Justinian I, 4 April 527 - 14 November 565 A.D.

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Under Justinian Nicomedia was extended with new public buildings. Situated on the roads leading to the capital, the city remained a major military center, playing an important role in the Byzantine campaigns against the Caliphate.
BZ62387. Bronze follis, DOC I 127b, Sommer 4.65.3, Wroth BMC 208, Morrisson BnF I 26, Tolstoi 187, Ratto 598, Hahn MIB I 113a, SBCV 201, gVF, nice green patina, weight 19.735 g, maximum diameter 35.2 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 547 - 548 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTINIANVS P P AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust of Justinian facing, holding globus cruciger (cross on orb) in right, shield with horseman device on left shoulder, cross in right field; reverse large M; A/N/N/O left; X/X/I right (regnal year 31), cross above, B (2nd officina) below, NIKO in exergue; big 35 mm bronze; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justin I, 10 July 518 - 1 August 527 A.D.

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The Christogram (also called a Monogramma Christi or Chrismon) is a ligature of Chi (X) and Rho (P), the first two letters of Christ in Greek. It was among the earliest symbols of Christianity. The crucifix was rarely used in early Christian iconography, perhaps because most people then had personally witnessed its gruesome use for public execution.
BZ66817. Bronze pentanummium, DOC I 36, SBCV 92, Wroth BMC 47, Morrisson BnF I 2/Cp/AE/8, Hahn MIB I 46, Tolstoi 89, Ratto -, gVF, nice green patina, weight 2.109 g, maximum diameter 14.2 mm, die axis 225o, Nikomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 518 - 527; obverse D N IVSTINVS P AVC (illegible, which is typical for this issue), diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Christogram (Greek XP ligature - Christ monogram), N (mintmark) left, E (mark of value) right; ex Gibud - Naumann Auction 2, lot 317; scarce; SOLD







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MINTMARKS

N
NI
NIC
NIK
NIKM
NIKO
NIKOM
NIKOMI



Catalog current as of Friday, October 19, 2018.
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Byzantine Nicomedia