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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Anatolia| ▸ |Caria| ▸ |Rhodos||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ancient Coins of Rhodos, Carian Islands

Rhodes was an important slave-trading center, best known for The Colossus of Rhodes. The Colossus of Rhodes, the sixth of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, was a huge statue of Helios measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. but destroyed by an earthquake later in that century. It has inspired many later sculptures including the Statue of Liberty.

Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 201 - 190 B.C., Civic Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |201| |-| |190| |B.C.,| |Civic| |Coinage| |in| |the| |Name| |of| |Alexander| |the| |Great||tetradrachm|
Signed obverse die. The letters on the lower lip of the lion's mouth have been identified to read ∆AN, believed to be the signature of a Rhodian master die engraver. ∆AN likely abbreviates Danaos a name common at Rhodos, and the name of the mythical founder of the city. The monogram on the reverse likely names the magistrate responsible for the mint, possibly named Ainetor.
SH84141. Silver tetradrachm, Kleiner Alexander series IV, pl. XXVII, H-21 (same dies), SNG Berry 320 (same), SNG Cop 761, Mektepini 439, McClean 3472, Price 2514, EF, double strike, areas of corrosion, weight 17.162 g, maximum diameter 31.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 201 - c. 190 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck, ∆AN (or similar) on the lion's lower jaw; reverse Zeus seated left on throne, nude to the waist, himation around hips and legs, right leg drawn back, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, AINHTWR(?) monogram over rose left, PO (Rhodos) under throne, AΛEΞAN∆POY downward on right; ex Harlan J. Berk, sale 199, lot 53; very rare; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 305 - 275 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |305| |-| |275| |B.C.||didrachm|
Helios is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology. He is the son of the Titan Hyperion and the Titaness Theia (according to Hesiod), also known as Euryphaessa (in Homeric Hymn 31) and brother of the goddesses Selene, the moon, and Eos, the dawn. Helios was described as a handsome young man crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night. In the Homeric Hymn to Helios, Helios is said to drive a golden chariot drawn by steeds (HH 31.14-15); and Pindar speaks of Helios's "fire-darting steeds" (Olympian Ode 7.71). Still later, the horses were given fire related names: Pyrois, Aeos, Aethon, and Phlegon. The equivalent of Helios in Roman mythology was Sol.
SH26700. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 161, SNG Keckman 462, gVF, toned and of fine style, weight 6.622 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 305 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse PO∆ION, rose with bud right, aphlaston and EY (control symbols) left; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 250 - 230 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |250| |-| |230| |B.C.||didrachm|
Helios was the ancient Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The Colossus of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of Helios measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. Rhodes held annual gymnastic games in honor of Helios.
SH26696. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 208, SNG Keckman 538, aEF, weight 6.632 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 250 - 230 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse MNAΣIMAXOΣ, rose with bud right, Athena (control symbol) lower left, circle of dots around; SOLD


Rhodos, Caria, c. 88 - 43 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Caria,| |c.| |88| |-| |43| |B.C.||trihemidrachm|
Helios was the Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The Colossus of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of Helios measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. Rhodes held annual gymnastic games in honor of Helios.
GS03603. Silver trihemidrachm, SNGvA 2836 variety, EF, weight 4.17 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 270o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 88 - 43 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios three-quarter facing to right, hair loose; reverse open rose, magistrate P-O, magistrate's name ΦAINAΛAΣ; mint luster, golden toning with iridescent blue in some recesses; SOLD


Rhodos, Caria, c. 305 - 275 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Caria,| |c.| |305| |-| |275| |B.C.||didrachm|
This variety is missing from the major references and collections, except the American Numismatic Society collection.
SH12264. Silver didrachm, ANS DB 1944.100.48605, cf. Ashton Rhodes 164 (NI & fly), SNG Keckman -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, BMC Caria -, VF, weight 6.649 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 305 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Helios three-quarter facing to right; reverse PO∆ION, rose with bud on stem to right, bee (control symbol) on left, magistrate name above, NI lower left; rare; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 205 - 190 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |205| |-| |190| |B.C.||drachm|
SH15379. Silver drachm, Ashton Rhodes 285; SNG Keckman 588; SNG Cop 777; BMC Caria p. 245, 163, superb EF, beautiful coin, weight 2.650 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 205 - 190 B.C.; obverse head of Helios slightly turned to right, hair flowing loose; reverse APIΣAKOΣ, rose with bud right, P-O in lower field, caduceus (control symbol) lower left; SOLD


Macedonian Kingdom, Perseus, 179 - 168 B.C., Pseudo-Rhodian Coinage

|Macedonian| |Kingdom|, |Macedonian| |Kingdom,| |Perseus,| |179| |-| |168| |B.C.,| |Pseudo-Rhodian| |Coinage||drachm|
Richard Ashton has attributed this type to a mint in Thessaly striking during the third Macedonian war for Perseus to pay the 3,000 or more Cretan mercenaries in his army. Rhodian coinage, including locally struck imitatives, circulated in quantity on Crete and the type would have been preferred method of payment for Cretan mercenaries.
SH58549. Silver drachm, Ashton Pseudo-Rhodian Mainland pp. 29 - 30, Larissa Hoard p. 241 (N. Greece), SNG Keckman 793 - 795 (Thessaly), SNG Cop suppl. 358 (Peraea Rodia), EF, rose toning on luster, weight 2.675 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Thessaly mint, magistrate Hermias, c. 171 - 170 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse EPMIAΣ (magistrate), rose, with bud right, I − Ω flanking stem; a beautiful coin!; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 304 - 275 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |304| |-| |275| |B.C.||didrachm|
Helios was the ancient Greek personification of the sun. Each day he drove the chariot of the sun across the sky. The Colossus of Rhodes, the sixth of the seven wonders of the ancient world, was a huge statue of Helios measuring 32 meters (100 feet) high, built at Rhodes in 280 B.C. Rhodes held annual gymnastic games in honor of Helios.
SH58956. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 160, SNG Keckman 461, SNG Cop 730, gF, weight 5.954 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 304 - 275 B.C.; obverse head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse PO∆ION, rose with bud right, jug and EY (control symbols) left; toned and of fine style; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 230 - 205 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |230| |-| |205| |B.C.||didrachm|
The anchor on this coin likely commemorates the restoration of Rhodos' docks and ships, which, along with the Colossus of Rhodes, had been destroyed by an earthquake in 226 B.C. According to Polybius (v. 88-90.4) Rhodian diplomats cleverly made such an impression of magnitude of the disaster on kings and cities that Rhodos received gifts beyond measure. Hieron II and Gelon II gave 100 talents of silver, 50 catapults, and exempted Rhodian ships from customs duties. Ptolemy III promised 200 talents of silver, a million artabas of wheat, timber for ten quinqueremes and ten triremes, 1,000 talents of bronze coinage, 3,000 pieces of sail-cloth; 3,000 talents, 100 architects with 350 workmen (for the repair of the Colossus), and more. Antigonus Doson promised 10,000 pieces of timber for hulls, 4,000 cross beams, 3,000 talents of iron, 1,000 talents of pitch, 1,000 measures of tar, and 100 talents of silver. Seleucus II Callinicus granted exemption from customs, gave ten fully equipped quinqueremes, 200,000 medimni of corn, 10,000 cubits of timber, and 1,000 talents each of resin and hair. Antigonus' wife Chryseis, Prusas of Bithynia, Mithradates II of Pontus, the dynasts Lysanias, Olympichus and Limnaeus, and numerous cities also made large gifts.

SH89460. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 220; SNG Keckman 549; SNG Cop 760; BMC Caria p. 243, 141; HGC 6 1440; SNGvA -, Choice gVF, bold strike with high relief dies, attractive head of Helios, full circle of dots on reverse, some obverse die wear, light bumps and scratches, weight 6.776 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, magistrate Eukrates, c. 230 - 205 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse rose with bud right, PO∆ION above, anchor with flukes up left, EYKPA−THΣ (magistrate) flanking the stem, circle of dots around; Numismatik Naumann auction 72 (2 Dec 2018), lot 170; SOLD


Rhodos, Carian Islands, c. 230 - 205 B.C.

|Rhodos|, |Rhodos,| |Carian| |Islands,| |c.| |230| |-| |205| |B.C.||didrachm|
The anchor on this coin likely commemorates the restoration of Rhodos' docks and ships, which, along with the Colossus of Rhodes, had been destroyed by an earthquake in 226 B.C. According to Polybius (v. 88-90.4) Rhodian diplomats cleverly made such an impression of magnitude of the disaster on kings and cities that Rhodos received gifts beyond measure. Hieron II and Gelon II gave 100 talents of silver, 50 catapults, and exempted Rhodian ships from customs duties. Ptolemy III promised 200 talents of silver, a million artabas of wheat, timber for ten quinqueremes and ten triremes, 1,000 talents of bronze coinage, 3,000 pieces of sail-cloth; 3,000 talents, 100 architects with 350 workmen (for the repair of the Colossus), and more. Antigonus Doson promised 10,000 pieces of timber for hulls, 4,000 cross beams, 3,000 talents of iron, 1,000 talents of pitch, 1,000 measures of tar, and 100 talents of silver. Seleucus II Callinicus granted exemption from customs, gave ten fully equipped quinqueremes, 200,000 medimni of corn, 10,000 cubits of timber, and 1,000 talents each of resin and hair. Antigonus' wife Chryseis, Prusas of Bithynia, Mithradates II of Pontus, the dynasts Lysanias, Olympichus and Limnaeus, and numerous cities also made large gifts.

SH58638. Silver didrachm, Ashton Rhodes 220; SNG Keckman 549; SNG Cop 760; BMC Caria p. 243, 141; HGC 6 1440; SNGvA -, VF, lightly toned, die wear, weight 6.523 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, magistrate Eukrates, c. 230 - 205 B.C.; obverse radiate head of Helios facing slightly right; reverse rose with bud right, PO∆ION above, anchor with flukes up left, EYKPA−THΣ (magistrate) flanking the stem, circle of dots around; ex CNG auction 276 (21 Mar 2012), lot 189; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

Ashton, R. "A revised arrangement for the earliest coinage of Rhodes" in Essays Carson-Jenkins.
Ashton, R. "A Pseudo-Rhodian drachm from Kaunos" in SM 151 (August 1988).
Ashton, R. "A Series of Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece" in NC 1988.
Ashton, R. "A series of Rhodian didrachms from the mid-third century BC" in NC 1989.
Ashton, R. "Clubs, Thunderbolts, Torches, Stars and Caducei: more Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Mainland Greece and the Islands" in NC 2002.
Ashton, R. "More Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms from Central Greece: Haliartos (again), Chalkis, and Euboia uncertain(?)" in NC 160 (2000).
Ashton, R. "The Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms of Mylasa" in NC 1992.
Ashton, R. "Rhodian Bronze Coinage and the Earthquake of 229-226 BC" in NC 1986.
Ashton, R. "Rhodian Bronze Coinage and the Siege of Mithradates VI" in NC 2001.
Ashton, R. "Rhodian Coinage and the Colossus" in RN 144 (1988).
Ashton, R. "Rhodian coinage in the early imperial period (CH 3: no. 82)" in Recent Turkish Coin Hoards and Numismatic Studies.
Ashton, R. "Rhodian Plinthophoroi-a Sketch" in Kraay-Mørkholm Essays.
Ashton, R. "Rhodian-Type Silver Coinages from Crete" in SM 146 (May 1987).
Ashton, R. "The Coinage of Rhodes 408-c. 190 BC" in Money and its Uses in the Ancient Greek World. (Oxford, 2001).
Ashton, R. "The Only Recorded Name on Rhodian Plinthophoric Chalkoi" in NC 2010.
Ashton, R. & G. Reger. "The Pseudo-Rhodian Drachms of Mylasa Revisited" in Studies Kroll.
Ashton, R. & A. Weiss. "The Post-Plinthophoric Silver Drachms of Rhodes" in NC 1997.
Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (1992).
Forrer, L. Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber, Vol. III, Part 1. (London, 1926).
Hackens, T. "Trésor hellénistique trouvé a délos en 1964" in BCH 89 (1965).
Head, B. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Caria, Cos, Rhodes, etc. (London, 1897).
Jenkins, G. "Rhodian Plinthophoroi" in Kraay-Mørkholm Essays.
Numismatik Lanz. Auktion 13: Sammlung Karl, Münzen von Karien. (27 Nov 2006).
HNO - |Historia| |Numorum| |Online| |Database| - http://hno.huma-num.fr/
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 5: Ionia, Caria and Lydia. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 22: Caria. (Berlin, 2006).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 5: Karien und Lydien. (Berlin, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Sammlung Hans Von Aulock, Vol. 2: Caria, Lydia, Phrygia, Lycia, Pamphylia. (Berlin, 1962).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Finland, The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki, Part 1: Karia. (Helsinki, 1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Turkey 1: The Muharrem Kayhan Collection. (Istanbul, 2002).

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