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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Greek Imperial ▸ North AfricaView Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from North Africa

Kingdom of Numidia, Massinissa 203 - 148 B.C., or Micipsa 148 - 118 B.C.

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Numidia was an Ancient Berber kingdom in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia, in North Africa. It was bordered by the kingdoms of Mauretania (modern-day Morocco) to the west, the Roman province of Africa (modern-day Tunisia) to the east, the Mediterranean Sea to the north, and the Sahara Desert to the south. The long-lived King Masinissa ruled c. 203 -148 B.C. He was succeeded by his son Micipsa. When Micipsa died in 118, he was succeeded by his two sons Hiempsal I and Adherbal, and by his illegitimate grandson, Jugurtha. Jugurtha had Hiempsal killed, which led to war with Adherbal. Rome declared war after Jugurtha killed some Roman businessmen aiding Adherbal. Jugurtha surrendered and received a highly favorable peace treaty, which raised suspicions of bribery. The Roman commander was summoned to Rome to face corruption charges. Jugurtha was also forced to come to Rome to testify, where he was completely discredited. War broke out again and several legions were dispatched to North Africa. The war dragged out into a seemingly endless campaign. Frustrated at the apparent lack of action, Gaius Marius returned to Rome to seek election as Consul. Marius was elected, and then returned to take control of the war. He sent his Quaestor Lucius Cornelius Sulla to neighboring Mauretania to eliminate their support for Jugurtha. With the help of Bocchus I of Mauretania, Sulla captured Jugurtha. In 104 B.C., after being paraded through the streets of Rome in Marius' Triumph, Jugurtha was executed.
SL84534. Bronze AE 27, Alexandropoulos MAA 18a; Mazard III 50; MŁller Afrique III p. 18, 32; SNG Cop 505 ff.; SGCV II 6597, NGC F, strike 4/5, surface 3/5 (3854272-006), weight 16.02 g, maximum diameter 27 mm, die axis 0o, Cirta (Constantine, Algeria) mint, 203 - 118 B.C.; obverse laureate head of king left, pointed beard, dot border; reverse horse galloping left, pellet below, linear border; from the Dr. Sam Mansourati Collection; $120.00 (Ä106.80)


Sabratha, Africa, c. 8 - 14 A.D., Augustus Reverse

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Sabratha is on the Mediterranean coast about 66 km west of Tripoli, Libya. It was a Tyrian or Carthaginian settlement, the farthest of the west of the three chief cities of Syrtica, with a prosperous harbor. It became a colony in the second century A.D., perhaps under Trajan. Septimius Severus was born nearby in Leptis Magna, and Sabratha reached its peak under the Severans. The city was badly damaged by earthquakes in the 4th century, particularly the quake of 365. Within a hundred years of the Arab conquest of the Maghreb, trade had shifted to other ports and Sabratha dwindled to a village.Roman Theater of Sabratha
RP68109. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 814, aF/F, weight 8.357 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Syrtica mint, c. 8 - 14 A.D.; obverse neo-Punic Inscription: SBRT'N (behind), bust of Serapis right, neo-Punic R (initial of suffete) before; reverse CAESAR, bare head of Augustus right, lituus before; rare; SOLD


Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Lepcis (Leptis) Magna, North Africa

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Lepcis (Leptis) Magna was a Phoenician settlement, then a Roman provincial trade center, and is today Al Khums, Libya. It became the third most important city in Africa after it gave birth to a Roman emperor: Septimius Severus. Today Leptis boasts some of the most impressive and well preserved Roman ruins in the world.
SH30340. Bronze AE 26, RPC I 851, aVF, weight 8.448 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, Lepcis Magna mint, obverse [LPQY] (neo-Punic ethnic), head of Dionysos right; reverse bull's hide and club; SOLD







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REFERENCES

RPC Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 27, 2017.
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Roman North Africa