Pompey the Great, Proconsul, Murdered in 48 B.C., Minted by his son Sextus Pompey
Struck by Sextus Pompey after his victory over Salvidienus and relates to his acclamation as the Son of Neptune. Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.). He was executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH64480. Silver denarius, SRCV I 1392, RSC IPompey the Great 17, Sydenham 1344, Crawford 511/3a, BM Sicily 93, F, toned, weight 3.504 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Sicilian mint, 42 - 40 B.C.; obverse MAG.PIVS.IMP.ITER, head of Pompey the Great right between jug and lituus; reverse PRAEF CLAS ET ORAE MARITEX S C, Neptune right foot on prow, flanked by the Catanaean brothers, Anapias and Amphinomus, with their parents on their shoulders; scarce; ON LAYAWAY
Thermae Himerenses, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 252 - 133 B.C.
In 409 B.C., the Carthaginians under the command of Hannibal, conquered Himera, crucified three hundred of its leading men and obliterated the town. The site has been desolate ever since. The few surviving Greeks were settled by the Carthaginians eleven kilometers west of Himera at Thermae Himeraeae (Termini Imerese today). Thermae was taken by the Romans during the First Punic War.
GB35580. Bronze AE 20, Calciati I p. 120, 20/1; SGCV I 1114; BMC Sicily p. 84, 7, Choice gVF, weight 6.905 g, maximum diameter 19.75 mm, die axis 0o, Thermae Himerenses mint, obverse bearded head of Herakles right, wearing lion skin, club at shoulder; reverse ΘΕΡΜΙΤΑΝ, turreted female figure standing left, wearing chiton and peplos, patera in right, cornucopia in left; beautiful patina, ex CNG, much nicer than any of the 15 examples in Calciati!; SOLD
Melita (Malta), Islands off Sicily, c. 180 - 170 B.C.
The letters aleph, nun, nun, are commonly taken to indicate the Punic and pre-Roman name of Malta, GHONAN, which would mean ship, an allusion to the fact that the tiny Maltese islands, seen from afar would look like a number of ships in the center of the sea.
GB63618. Bronze triens, Calciati III p. 353, 6; Coleiro 7a; SNG Evelpidis 740-741; SNG Cop 461 (NorthAfrica), F, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Malta) mint, c. 180 - 170 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled female head right; reversetripod lebes with three loop handles and lion paws feet, Phoenician letters aleph nun nun upwards on left and again downwards on right; rare; SOLD
Melita (Malta), c. 150 - 140 B.C.
During the Punic Wars, the Maltese rebelled against Carthage and allied with Rome, for they were made a Foederata Civitas, exempt from paying tribute and the rule of Roman law. Malta thrived as part of the Roman province of Sicily. According to the Acts of the Apostles, St. Paul was shipwrecked on Malta and ministered there.
GB63490. Bronze AE 20, Calciati III 10, SNG Cop. 467, SNG München 1676, Azzopardi 123 (1993) Malta, Coleiro 77, 9, F, weight 4.067 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Melita (Malta) mint, c. 150 - 140 B.C.; obverse diademed and veiled female head left; reverse ΜΕΛΙΤΑΙΩΝ, tripod lebes; rare; SOLD
Roman Republic, Melita, Islands off Sicily, c. 44 - 36 B.C., Propraetor C. Arruntanus Balbus
RP19598. Bronze AE 22, RPC I 672, F, weight 5.035 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 270o, Melita mint, obverse ΜΕΛΙΤΑΙΩΝ, draped and veiled female bust left; reverse C ARRVNTANVS BALB PROPR, curule chair; SOLD