Roman Provincial Coins from Italy and Sicily
Syracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.
Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus took Syracuse in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from Syracuse lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.GB65634. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 429, 231; SNG Cop 911; SNG ANS 1092, aVF, weight 9.175 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, Roman rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left; $90.00 (€78.30)
2 Coins From Arpi, Apulia, Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
Arpi allied with Rome about 320 B.C. after a period of conflict with neighboring settlements. In 216 B.C., Dazo, the ruler of Arpi defected to Hannibal after the battle of Cannae. In 213 B.C. Fabius recovered the area, Dazos was removed, and the city declined under severe treatment from Rome.GB68166. Bronze Lot, cf. SNG ANS 640 ff., SNG Cop 607 ff., Lindgren 211, HN Italy 645; 18.7 and 20.7 mm diameter, aF, 18.7 and 20.7 mm diameter, Arpi mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; obverse bull charging; reverse free horse prancing; two coin; $80.00 (€69.60)
Melita(?), Islands off Sicily, c. 160 - 140 B.C.
Uncia and quadrans from the same series are list in Calciati under Panormous. Munzen & Medaillen attributed it to Alaisa. RPC says Sardina and even Africa cannot be ruled out.GB63617. Bronze sextans, RPC I p. 180, 3; Calciati -; SNG ANS -, Fine, weight 4.883 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Melita(?) mint, obverse laureate head of Apollo (or Isis) left with three curly locks; reverse three heads of grain, Q (quaestor?) above, two pellets left; ex Munzen & Medaillen; extremely rare; SOLD
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