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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>GreekImperial>Italy&Sicily

Roman Provincial Coins from Italy and Sicily


Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Younger Son of Pompey the Great, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.) and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH63628. Bronze as, Crawford 479/1, Sydenham 1044, RPC I 671, Sear Imperators 366, VF, weight 21.846 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Sicilian mint, 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse MAGN (above, MA ligate), laureate head of Janus with the features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $240.00 (€180.00)

Panormos, Sicily, c. 200 - 60 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The blank center within the wreath (some examples have a pellet) is peculiar. Similar coins from Panormos include the name, initials or monogram of the issuing magistrate within the wreath. Perhaps this blank-center type was struck with a name, initials or monogram erased from the dies after a magistrate left office.
GB68006. Bronze AE 23, Calciati I p. 346, 101/1; SNG ANS 597, VF, well centered on a broad flan, weight 4.990 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Panormus (Palermo) mint, under Roman rule, c. 200 - 60 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Janus, dot border; reverse wreath, nothing in center, closed at the top with a ornament with central pellet surrounded by smaller pellets (flower?), within dot border; $135.00 (€101.25)

Panormos, Sicily, Roman Rule, c. 241 B.C.
Click for a larger photo
RR49949. Bronze AE 26, SNG ANS 556; SNG Cop -, Fine, weight 15.823 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 315o, Panormus (Palermo) mint, obverse ΠANOP−MITAN, helmeted head of Ares right; reverse wreathed head of Kore left; $120.00 (€90.00)

Syracuse, Sicily, c. 212 - 133 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus took Syracuse in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from Syracuse lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GB65634. Bronze AE 23, Calciati II p. 429, 231; SNG Cop 911; SNG ANS 1092, aVF, weight 9.175 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, Syracuse mint, Roman rule, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; obverse head of Kore right, wreathed in stalks of grain; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, Demeter standing left, torch in right, scepter in left; $105.00 (€78.75)

2 Coins From Arpi, Apulia, Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Arpi allied with Rome about 320 B.C. after a period of conflict with neighboring settlements. In 216 B.C., Dazo, the ruler of Arpi defected to Hannibal after the battle of Cannae. In 213 B.C. Fabius recovered the area, Dazos was removed, and the city declined under severe treatment from Rome.
GB68166. Bronze Lot, cf. SNG ANS 640 ff., SNG Cop 607 ff., Lindgren 211, HN Italy 645; 18.7 and 20.7 mm diameter, aF, 18.7 and 20.7 mm diameter, Arpi mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; obverse bull charging; reverse free horse prancing; two coin; $90.00 (€67.50)

Syracuse, Sicily, Roman Rule, 212 - 133 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Overcoming formidable resistance and the ingenious devices of Archimedes, the Roman General Marcus Claudius Marcellus took Syracuse in the summer of 212 B.C. Archimedes was killed during the attack. The plundered artworks taken back to Rome from Syracuse lit the initial spark of Greek influence on Roman culture.
GB56539. Bronze AE 12, Calciati II p. 420, 213 var (nothing or crescent behind head), Fair, weight 2.441 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 270o, Syracuse mint, c. 212 - 133 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, symbol (dolphin?) behind; reverse ΣYPAKOΣIΩN, tripod with lebes (cauldron); rare variety; $70.00 (€52.50)


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REFERENCES

Burnett, A., M. Amandry and P.P. Ripollès. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 and suppl.).
Calciati, R. Corpus Nummorum Siculorum. The Bronze Coinage. (Milan, 1983 - 1987).
Coleiro, E. "Maltese Coins of the Roman Period" in NC 1971.
Crawford, M. Roman Republican Coinage. (Cambridge, 1974).
Lindgren, H. C. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (San Mateo, 1989).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins. (Quarryville, 1993).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Sicily. (London, 1876).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and the The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sutherland, C.H.V. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. I, From 39 BC to AD 69. (London, 1984).
Sear, D.R. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49 - 27 BC. (London, 1998).
Sydenham, E. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. (London, 1952).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 1: Italy - Sicily. (West Milford, NJ, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (Berlin, 1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain XII, The Hunterian Museum, University of Glasgow, Part 1: Roman Provincial Coins: Spain–Kingdoms of Asia Minor. (Oxford, 2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Grèce 1, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis, Part 1: Italie. Sicile - Thrace. (Athens, 1970). (Italy, Sicily - Thrace).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 3: Bruttium - Sicily 1 (Abacaenum-Eryx). (New York, 1975).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 4: Sicily 2 (Galaria - Styella). (New York, 1977).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 5: Sicily 3 (Syracuse - Siceliotes). (New York, 1988).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 20, 2014.
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Roman Italy and Sicily