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Hadrian was born in Hispania. The origin of the name Hispania is much disputed and the evidence for the various speculations is very weak. Two theories hold it to be of Punic derivation, from the Phoenician language of colonizing Carthage. In Hebrew, "i-shfania" means "island of the rabbit." Punic-Phoenician and Hebrew are both Canaanite languages and therefore closely related to each other. The name Hispania may be derived from an ancient Punic name identifying the place as a land of rabbits. Another theory holds the name is derived the word from the Phoenician word "span," meaning hidden, indicating a hidden, that is, a remote, or far-distant land. The rabbit on this coin type has been used as evidence to support the first theory.RS87611. Silver denarius, RSC II 834, RIC II 306, Strack II 304, BMCRE III 849 note, Hunter II 287 var. (head left), SRCV II -, Choice VF, centered, uneven toning, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.824 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; obverse HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P, bare head right; reverseHISPANIA, Hispania reclining left on rock, olive branch in right hand, rabbit behind below left arm; $380.00 (€323.00)
Roman Hispania, Hacksilver Lot of 12 Cut Silver Coin Fragments, c. Before 50 B.C.
Hacksilver lot of 12 cut silver coin fragments, reputedly all found in southern Spain. One Carthago Nova, cut 1/5 or 1/4 portion of a Hannibal shekel, 1.43g, cf. SNG BM 106 - 109, rare. Eleven cut fractions of Roman Republican denarii, mostly c. early 2nd century B.C.LT87284. Silver fragment, cut fraction of a Hannibal shekel, plus 11 cut Republican denarii fragments, average VF, no tags or flips, the actual coin fragments in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $250.00 (€212.50)
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.GB88091. Bronze AE 23, Villaronga-Benages 609 (R2), Villaronga MCH 282, Villaronga CNH 69, Burgos 552, SNG BM Spain 127 - 128, F, green patina, earthen encrustation, weight 10.487 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse standing right, palm tree in background center on far side of horse; $130.00 (€110.50)
Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.GB84581. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, VF, nice green patina with highlighting earthen deposits, tight flan, reverse off center, weight 2.306 g, maximum diameter 15.1 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; rare; $105.00 (€89.25)
Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, Early 1st Century B.C.
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.GB73512. Bronze semis, SNG BM Spain 1359 (same dies); Villaronga-Benages 2156 (R6); Villaronga CNH p. 337, 52; Burgos 772; Lindgren II 44; SNG Cop -, VF, weight 4.721 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 45o, Kastulo mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse diademed male head right, Iberian CA right; reverse bull standing right, L and crescent above, "Kastilo" in Iberian script in ex; $85.00 (€72.25)
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.CE90779. Bronze AE 26, Villaronga p. 335, 32; SNG BM Spain 1314 ff.; SNG Cop 210; Burgos 545, F, green patina with earthen highlighting, irregular flan, weight 10.200 g, maximum diameter 26.4 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo mint, c. 165 - 80 B.C.; obverse diademed head right, crescent before; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergual line; ex Jencek Historical Enterprise; $55.00 (€46.75)
Tiberius, 19 August 14 - 16 March 37 A.D., Tarraco, Hispania Tarraconensis
After the death of Augustus, Tiberius' mother, Livia Drusilla, took the name Julia Augusta.
Drusus (also called Drusus Junior or Drusus the Younger), the only son of Tiberius, became heir to the throne after the death of Germanicus. Drusus' wife Livilla was seduced by the praetorian prefect Sejanus and she poisoned Drusus to support Sejanus' plot to become emperor. Dying before Tiberius, Drusus never obtained the throne. Sejanus' plot was discovered in 31 B.C. and he and Livilla were executed.RP88161. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 3273, RPC I 233, SNG Cop 528, Benages 17, Vives 171.8, Ripollès Romanas 223, aF, rough, off center, weight 7.776 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, Tarraco (Tarragona, Spain) mint, 22 - 23 A.D.; obverse TI CAES AVG PONT MAX TRIB POT, laureate head of Tiberius right; reverse DRVSVS CAES TRIB POT IVL AVGVSTA, confronted heads of Drusus Caesar right and Livia (Julia Augusta) left, C - V - T (Colonia Vrbs Tarraco) divided across lower field; $45.00 (€38.25)
Carteia, HispaniaBaetica, c. 44 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
The Latin colony of Carteia was founded in 171 B.C. In 27 B.C., when Augustus had become emperor, Hispania Ulterior was divided into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Cantabria and Basque country were also added to Hispania Citerior.RP84139. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 2609, Villaronga 65; RPC I 116, SNG Cop 434, SNG Lorichs 1337, SNG München -, SNG Tub, VF, tight flan, earthen deposits, areas of heavy scratches, weight 2.922 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carteia (near San Roque, Spain) mint, c. 44 B.C. - 1st century A.D.; obverseCARTEIA, head of Fortuna-Tyche right, wearing crown of turreted city walls, trident behind; reverseCupid riding dolphin right, IIII VIR above, EX D D below; $40.00 (€34.00)
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