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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Hispania||View Options:  |  |  | 

Roman Provincial Coins from Hispania

Hispania was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Roman armies invaded the Iberian peninsula in 218 B.C. and used it as a training ground for officers and as a proving ground for tactics during campaigns against the Carthaginians, the Iberians, the Lusitanians, the Gallaecians and other Celts. It was not until 19 B.C. that Augustus was able to complete the conquest. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. During the Principate, Hispania Ulterior was divided into two new provinces, Baetica and Lusitania, while Hispania Citerior was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis. Subsequently, the western part of Tarraconensis was split off, first as Hispania Nova, later renamed "Callaecia" (or Gallaecia, whence modern Galicia). From Diocletian's Tetrarchy (A.D. 284) onwards, the south of remaining Tarraconensis was again split off as Carthaginensis, and probably then too the Balearic Islands and all the resulting provinces formed one civil diocese under the vicarius for the Hispaniae (that is, the Celtic provinces). Aqueduct of Segovia

Carmo, Hispania Ulterior, Early 1st Century B.C.

|Hispania|, |Carmo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |Early| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||as|
Hispania is the Latin term given to the Iberian peninsula. Hispania Ulterior (Further Hispania) was a region of Hispania during the Roman Republic, roughly located in Baetica and in the Guadalquivir valley of modern Spain and extending to all of Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura and a small part of Salamanca province) and Gallaecia (modern Northern Portugal and Galicia). Its capital was Corduba.
GB93424. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 2405 (R2), Villaronga 24, SNG BM Spain 1588 ff., Burgos 459, Choice VF, well centered, brown tone with buff earthen highlighting, die wear, porosity, weight 12.534 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, Carmo (Carmona, Seville) mint, early 1st century B.C.; obverse male head right; reverse CARMO, horizontal line above and below, between two heads of grain laying right one above and one below; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
 


Carthago Nova, Iberia, c. 237 - 206 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Carthago| |Nova,| |Iberia,| |c.| |237| |-| |206| |B.C.||1/5| |unit|NEW
In order to force Hannibal to retreat from Italy, Scipio Africanus attacked Carthaginian Spain and took Carthago Nova in 209 B.C. References most often identify this type as Punic, struck before 209 B.C., but they also note that the head is "Roman style." Some authorities believe, as we do, that this type may have been struck after 209, under Roman rule. Carthaginian coins sometimes depicted Barcid generals. This coin possibly depicts the Roman general Scipio Africanus.
GB95758. Bronze 1/5 unit, Villaronga-Benages 610, SNG BM Spain 129, Burgos 556, Villaronga MHC 283, Villaronga CNH 70, aVF, green patina, scratches, scrapes, bumps, weight 2.374 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 206 B.C.; obverse bare male head (Scipio Africanus?) left; reverse horse head right; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00
 


Indigets, Untikesken, Emporion, Iberia, c. 130 - 90 B.C.

|Iberia|, |Indigets,| |Untikesken,| |Emporion,| |Iberia,| |c.| |130| |-| |90| |B.C.||as|
Early in the 2nd century B.C., Emporion began striking bronze coinage with the Iberian inscription UTIKENSKEN, which refers to the Indigets tribe that inhabited the town and its surrounding area. The earliest coins were struck at a one ounce standard of 1/12 Roman pound. In the mid 2nd Century B.C., the standard changed to 1/15th of the Roman pound. Some of these coins were marked XV, most were marked with an Iberian EI mark, which means 15. The names of magistrates were added to some coins in the second half of the 2nd century B.C. Weights were gradually reduced until coinage with Iberian inscriptions ended in the 1st century B.C.
GB88304. Bronze as, reduced Roman ounce standard, Villaronga-Benages 1043 (same dies), Villaronga CNH 50, cf. SNG BM Spain 522, F, dark patina with attractive highlighting earthen deposits, soft strike, weak reverse, weight 14.462 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 90o, Emporion (Empúries, Catalonia, Spain) mint, c. 130 - 90 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena-Minerva right, Iberian mark before: EI (15); reverse Pegasos springing right, head modified, laurel wreath above rump, palm frond outer right, Iberian inscription above exergue line: UTIKESKEN; ex Jenceck Historical Enterprise; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Lastigi, Hispania Ulterior, 150 - 100 B.C.

|Roman| |Hispania|, |Lastigi,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |150| |-| |100| |B.C.||quadrans|
After its defeat in 201 B.C., Carthage ceded Iberia to Rome. In 197 B.C., the peninsula was divided into Hispania Citerior (Nearer Hispania) and Hispania Ulterior (Further Hispania). Hispania Ulterior consisted of what are now Andalusia, Portugal, Extremadura, Castilla y León, Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, and the Basque Country. There was peace in the region until 155 B.C. when the Lusitanians attacked. The area was largely conquered by 138 B.C., but war continued until 19 B.C. when Agrippa defeated the Cantabrians in Hispania Citerior and Hispania finally was completely conquered. That same year, Augustus divided Hispania Ulterior into Baetica (modern Andalusia) and Lusitania (modern Portugal, Extremadura, and part of Castilla-León). Hispania Citerior, which now included Cantabria and Basque country, was renamed Hispania Tarraconensis.
GB93425. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 2374 (R3), SNG BM Spain 1569 - 1571, Villaronga 4, SNG Cop 165, aF, dark tone, porous, weight 3.504 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Lastigi (Sancular la Mayor, Sevilla, Spain) mint, 150 - 100 B.C.; obverse helmeted male head right, laurel wreath border; reverse LAS within laurel wreath border; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00
 


Castulo, Hispania Ulterior, Mid 2nd Century B.C.

|Hispania|, |Castulo,| |Hispania| |Ulterior,| |Mid| |2nd| |Century| |B.C.||as|
After a local princess named Himilce married Hannibal, Castulo allied with Carthage. In 213 B.C., Castulo was the site of Hasdrubal Barca's crushing victory over the Roman army with a force of roughly 40,000 Carthaginian troops plus local Iberian mercenaries. Soon after the Romans made a pact with the residents and the city became a foederati (ally) of Rome.
GB89045. Bronze as, Villaronga-Benages 2126, Villaronga 23, SNG BM Spain 1298, Burgos 695, SNG Cop -, aVF, earthen encrustation, scratches, spots of light corrosion, reverse a little off center, weight 18.451 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 90o, Castulo (near Linares, Spain) mint, mid 2nd century B.C.; obverse diademed head right; reverse helmeted sphinx walking right, left foreleg raised, star before, KASTILO in Iberic script below exergue line; ex Rusty Romans; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00
 


Iberia, Bronze Bar Ingot, 1st Century B.C.

|Iberia|, |Iberia,| |Bronze| |Bar| |Ingot,| |1st| |Century| |B.C.||Bar| |Ingot|NEW
 
GA97016. Bronze Bar Ingot, Alvarez-Burgos P35, 16.849g, 25.5mm long, $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
 







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REFERENCES|

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American Numismatic Society Collections Database (ANSCD) - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
Beltrán, A. Las Monedas latinas de Cartagena. (Murcia, 1949).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (1992 - ).
Burgos, A. La moneda hispanica desde sus origenes hasta el siglo V. (Madrid, 2008).
Delgado, A. Catalogue des monnaies et des medailles antiques du moyen age et des temps modernes, composant le cabinet numismatique de feu Mr. Gustave Daniel de Lorichs. (Madrid, 1857).
Gomes, A. Moedas do território português antes da fundação de la nacionalidade (Hispano-romanas). (Lisbon, 1998).
Hill, G. Notes on the Ancient Coinage of Hispania Citerior. (New York, 1931).
Jenkings, G. "Notes on Iberian Denarii from the Cordova Hoard" in ANSMN VII. (New York, 1958).
Lindgren, H. Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection. (1989).
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Ripolles, P. Las acuñaciones provinciales romanas de Hispania. (Madrid, 2010).
Roman Provincial Coins (RPC) Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/.
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, The Millennium Edition, Volume One, The Republic and The Twelve Caesars 280 BC - AD 86. (London, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 8: Egypt, N. Africa, Spain-Gaul. (1994).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 1: Hispania, Gallia Narbonensis. (Berlin, 1968).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, Münzsammlung Universität Tübingen, Part 1: Hispania-Sikelia. (1981).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain III, R.C. Lockett Collection, Part 1: Spain-Italy. (1938).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IV, Fitzwilliam Museum, Leake and General Collections. Part 1: Spain (Emporiae, Rhoda) - Italy. (1940).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain IX, British Museum, Part 2: Spain. (London, 2002).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain X, John Morcom Collection. (Oxford, 1995).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hispania I, Madrid. Museo Arqueológico Nacional. Ciudades Feno-púnicas.. (1994-2004).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hispania II, Madrid. Ciudades del area meridional. Acuñaciones con escritura indígena. (2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Hungary, Budapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum I, Hispania - Sicilia, Part 1: Hispania-Apulia. (1992).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Spain, Museo Arqueológico Nacional Madrid. (Madrid, 1994-2005).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Sweden, Vol. II, Stockholm, Part 6. The Collection of The Royal Coin Cabinet. National Museum of Monetary History. The G.D. Lorichs Collection. (2003).
Villaronga, L. Corpus Nvmmvm Hispaniae Anti Avgvsti Aetatem. (Madrid, 1994).
Villaronga, L. La Monedas Hispano-Cartaginesas. (Barcelona, 1973).
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