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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ Colonia PatriciaView Options:  |  |  | 

Colonia Patricia (Cordova, Spain)

Cordova, a city in Andalusia was the first colony planted by the Romans in Spain. Its original name was Corduba. When it was made a Roman colony it was renamed Colonia Patricia, to honor the veterans and worthy men who settled it, to whom honor was due, as to Fathers (Patribus). Augustus visted Patricia in 15 or 14 B.C.

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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Augustus' sun sign was Libra. We don't know why he selected the Capricorn as his emblem. Perhaps Capricorn was either his rising sign or his Moon sign. Popular astrology, of the newspaper kind, is sun sign astrology. The ancients tended to attach more importance to the Moon sign and rising signs. Perhaps Augustus selected the Capricorn because it is associated with stern moral authority.
SH84736. Silver denarius, BnF I 1271 (same dies, attributed to auxiliary workshop, Colonia Patricia), RIC I 126 (R2), RSC I 21, BMCRE I 346, Hunter I 145, SRCV I 1592, Choice aMS, nearly as struck, mint luster, well centered and bold strike, a few light marks, obverse die wear, weight 3.809 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain Spanish (Colonia Patricia?) mint, 16 B.C.; obverse bare head right, dot border, anepigraphic; reverse capricorn right, filleted cornucopia overflowing with grain and fruit on its back, celestial globe and rudder with tiller held between hooves, AVGVSTVS below; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; scarce; $3150.00 (2803.50)

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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The reverse inscription means "for citizens saved." The wreath is the corona civica, the oak wreath awarded by a special decree of the Senate to Augustus in 27 B.C. for saving the lives of citizens by ending the series of civil wars.
SH84732. Silver denarius, RIC I 77a, BMCRE I 378, BnF I 1154, RSC I 208, SRCV I 1625, Choice EF, superb portrait, mint luster, bold strike, slight die wear, weight 3.796 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Patricia (Cordoba, Spain) mint, 19 B.C.; obverse CAESAR AVGVSTVS, bare head right; reverse OB / CIVIS / SERVATOS (for citizens saved) in three lines within oak wreath (corona civica), wreath tied at the bottom and closed with a jewel at the top; from the Marcelo Leal Collection; SOLD

Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D.

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"This represents the altar erected by the order of the Senate to Fortuna Redux on the return of Augustus from Syria in the previous year (B.C. 19). It was placed at the porta Capena and yearly sacrifices were ordered" -- Roman Silver Coins, I. Republic to Augustus by H.A. Seaby
SH84727. Silver denarius, RIC I 56b (R4), RSC I 108b, BnF I 1341e (not in the coll., spec. from Turin), BMCRE I 360 var. (inscription), SRCV I 1608 var. (same), Hunter I -, aEF, nice portrait, much mint luster, tight flan, obverse die wear, some silver encrustations, reverse slightly off center, weight 3.804 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, Spanish (Colonia Patricia?) mint, c. 20 - 19 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Augustus left, anepigraphic; reverse square altar inscribed FORTVNREDVC / CAESARIAVGVS / SPQR; from the Marcelo Leal Collection, this is the only example of this very rare inscription variety ever handled by Forum, none on Coin Archives; very rare; SOLD


Catalog current as of Friday, May 26, 2017.
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Colonia Patricia