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Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and what is now Spain. Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. The Third Punic War ended in the complete destruction of the city of Carthage, the annexation by Rome of all remaining Carthaginian territory, and the death or enslavement of the entire population of Carthage.
Arpi, Apulia, Italy, 215 - 212 B.C., Struck Under Hannibal
Arpi remained faithful to Rome until Rome's defeat at the battle of Cannae and then defected to Hannibal. Rome captured Arpi in 213 or 212 B.C. and it never recovered its former importance. No Roman inscriptions have been found there, and remains of antiquity are scanty. GB73614. Bronze AE 20, HN Italy 650; SNG ANS 646; SNG Cop 613; BMC Italy p. 131, 12, F, weight 3.792 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 270o, Arpi (near Foggia, Italy) mint, 215 - 212 B.C.; obversehead of Athena right, wearing Corinthian helmet; reverse APΠANOY, bunch of grapes; rare; $90.00 (€76.50)
Carthage, Zeugitana, NorthAfrica, c. 310 - 280 B.C.
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily. GB85957. Bronze AE 15, Viola CNP 194; Alexandropoulos 18; SNG VIII Cop 109 ff.; Müller Afrique p. 94, 163; SGCV II 6444, VF, nice green patina, centered on a tight flan, scratches, corrosion, earthen deposits, edge chips, weight 2.317 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 225o, North African or Sicilian mint, c. 310 - 280 B.C.; obversehead of Tanit left wearing wreath of grain and pendant necklace; reverse horse standing right, date palm tree in background center; $90.00 (€76.50)
Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins
Gold and electrum coins classified into 18 chronologically consecutive groups.BK13414. Carthaginian Gold and Electrum Coins by G.K. Jenkins and R.B. Lewis, Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication no. 2, 1963, 140 pages, 38 plates, hardcover, red cloth, used, very good condition, tear on dust jacket, international shipping at actual cost; $72.00 (€61.20) ON RESERVE
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