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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ ForesightView Options:  |  |  |     

Providence (Providentia)

Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Although references lists numerous varieties of Providentia reverses, this particular reverse, with rudder, PROVID AVG, and no mint marks is not listed in the references examined and we were unable to find another example online.

RIC notes that London issued coins without mint marks in 287 A.D. As this was the beginning of "British Empire" coinage, coins were often irregular and overstruck on older coins.
RA07649. Billon antoninianus, RIC V -, Webb Carausius -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, Cohen VII -, gVF, fine light green patina, and exotic "British" style, extremely rare, possibly unpublished or unique, weight 3.85 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. mid 286 - early/mid 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, rudder in right hand, globe left of rudder, cornucopia in right hand; from the Scott Collection; SOLD


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

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Providentia (foresight) was an important moral and philosophical abstraction in Roman discourse. Cicero says it is one of the three main components of prudentia, "the knowledge of things that are good or bad or neither," along with memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding). The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the providence of the gods.
SH77608. Silver denarius, RIC IV 80; RSC III 108; BMCRE V p. 506, 73; Hunter III 30; SRCV II 7361, Choice aEF, mint luster, excellent portrait, full circles centering, weight 3.173 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 3rd issue, Mar - Jun 218 A.D.; obverse IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing slightly left, head left, baton in right hand, held over globe at feet on left, cornucopia in left hand; SOLD


Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.

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After the praetorians "sold" the throne to Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger was made emperor by Syrian legions; Septimius Severus by troops in Illyricum and Pannonia; and Albinus by armies in Britain and Gaul. Albinus allied with Septimius Severus and became caesar. After Niger was killed, Septimius no longer needed Albinus and attempted to have him assassinated. Albinus proclaimed himself emperor, crossed into Gaul with his army, defeated Severus' legate, and made Lugdunum his headquarters. On 19 Feb 197, at the hard-fought Battle of Lugdunum, with 150,000 troops on each side, Albinus was defeated and killed himself, or was executed. Severus rode his horse over Albinus' headless body before having it thrown into the Rhne with his murdered family. His head was sent to Rome as a warning.
SH14069. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1c, RSC III 55, gVF/VF, weight 4.006 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 193 A.D.; obverse D CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverse PROVID AVG COS (the foresight of the Emperor and Consul), Providentia standing half left, wand over globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; sharp portrait; SOLD


Severus Alexander, 13 March 222 - March 235 A.D.

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Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. When Severus Alexander was away on his Persian and German campaigns (231-235) he continuously struck Annona types. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVG, "The Foresight of the Emperor," he assured that, though he was away, he would be carefully monitoring Rome's grain supply!
RS79823. Silver denarius, RIC IV 250b; RSC III 501b; BMCRE VI p. 201, 875; Hunter III 74; SRCV II 7922, Choice EF, excellent portrait, superb reverse detail, small edge cracks, weight 2.841 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 160o, Rome mint, 231 - 235 A.D.; obverse IMP ALEXANDER PIVS AVG, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia (or Annona) standing left, grain downward in right hand over modius overflowing with grain at feet on left, cornucopia in left hand; SOLD


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Treveri (Trier), but a comparison of style and examination of hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. The KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mint mark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC VI Cyzicus 22-23) shows that the same two officinae (4th and 6th) struck this issue with and without the PTR. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mint mark and put their own mint mark in the field. Eventually someone realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mint mark replacing PTR in its proper location.

Quies is the personification of rest and retirement. This coin honors the Senior Emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 A.D. The obverse dedicates the coin, to our lord Maximian the happy senior emperor. The reverse translates, By the providence of the gods, the restful retirement of the Emperors.
SH51541. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 677a; cf. RIC VI Cyzicus 22 - 23; SRCV IV -, EF, weight 10.854 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 305 - 307 A.D.; obverse D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia on left standing right, extending right hand to Quies, who is standing left with branch in right and leaning on scepter in left, S - F in outer fields, KS bottom center, PTR in exergue; rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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SH34810. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 514, BMCRE V 254, Cohen IV 534, aVF, scarce denomination for the reign and period, weight 9.258 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, radiate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM (to the foresight of the gods), Providentia standing left, baton held over globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RB72152. Orichalcum dupondius, BMCRE IV p. 584, 1252 & pl. 78, 15 (also with unbroken obverse legend); MIR 18 118-8/50; Hunter II - (p. cxxiii), RIC III -; Cohen IV -; SRCV II -, VF, superb portrait, nice reverse style, dark patina, weight 11.544 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Aug - Dec 165 A.D.; obverse M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, radiate, bearded head right; reverse TR POT XIX IMP III COS III, Providentia standing slightly left, wand in left hand over globe at feet on left, long scepter vertical in right, S - C across field; very rare - not in RIC or Cohen; SOLD


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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Quies is the personification of rest and retirement. This coin honors the Senior Emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 A.D. The obverse dedicates the coin, to our lord Maximian the happy senior emperor. The reverse translates, By the providence of the gods, the restful retirement of the Emperors.
SH51542. Billon follis, RIC VI Cyzicus 23b, gVF, weight 11.442 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 305 - 307 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia on left standing right, extending right hand to Quies, who is standing left with branch in right and leaning on scepter in left, S - F across fields, K∆ in exergue; scarce; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. Providentia was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia is one of the three main components of prudentia, "the knowledge of things that are good or bad or neither," along with memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding).
RS43346. Silver denarius, RIC III 170, RSC II 881, BMCRE IV 439, Choice EF, perfect centering, weight 3.503 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 166 - 167 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P XXI IMP IIII COS III, Providentia standing half left, head left, rod in right hand over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left hand; SOLD


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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Annona was worshiped in Rome as the goddess who prospered the year's supply of grain. She was represented on an altar in the capitol. The three principal granaries of Rome were Sicily, Egypt, and the African provinces. Annona civilis was the grain which purchased each year by the Roman state, then imported and put into storage, reserved and distributed for the subsistence of the people. Annona militaris was grain appropriated to the use of an army during a campaign.
RA71586. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 37; La Venra IV 1400; RIC V, part 2, 447; SRCV III 12253; Pink VI-2, p. 29; Cohen VI 83, Choice EF, superb bust, unusual style, excellent centering, much silvering, porosity, weight 3.570 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Feb/Mar 283 - Oct/Nov 284 A.D.; obverse IMP NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PROVIDENT AVGG (the foresight of the two emperors), Providentia (Annona?) standing slightly right, head left, stalks of grain downward in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, modius at feet on left, VIXXI in exergue; SOLD




    




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Providence