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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ ProvidenceView Options:  |  |  |     

Providence (Providentia)

Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.

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Providence is most often depicted clothed in a matron’s gown, holding a cornucopia in her left hand and in her right a short wand, which she points to a globe. She holds this globe in her right hand or it lies at her feet. The type is intended to mark the power and wisdom of the emperor, who ruled the Roman world.
SH34246. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1(c), BMCRE V 42, Cohen 55, SRCV II -, gVF, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, early Jun to end 193 A.D.; obverse D CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverse PROVID AVG COS, Providentia standing half left, wand over globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; rare; SOLD


Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Although RIC lists numerous varieties of Providentia reverses, this particular reverse, with rudder, PROVID AVG, and no mint marks is unlisted. RIC notes that London issued coins without mint marks in 287 A.D. As this was the beginning of "British Empire" coinage, coins were often irregular and overstruck on older coins.
RA07649. Billon antoninianus, RIC V -, gVF, weight 3.85 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 287 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG, Providentia standing left holding rudder and cornucopia; from the Scott Collection, fine light green patina, and exotic "British" style, extremely rare, possibly unpublished or unique; SOLD


Clodius Albinus, Late 195 or Early 196 - 19 February 197 A.D.

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After the praetorians "sold" the throne to Didius Julianus, Pescennius Niger was made emperor by Syrian legions; Septimius Severus by troops in Illyricum and Pannonia; and Albinus by armies in Britain and Gaul. Albinus allied with Septimius Severus and became caesar. After Niger was killed, Septimius no longer needed Albinus and attempted to have him assassinated. Albinus proclaimed himself emperor, crossed into Gaul with his army, defeated Severus' legate, and made Lugdunum his headquarters. On 19 Feb 197, at the hard-fought Battle of Lugdunum, with 150,000 troops on each side, Albinus was defeated and killed himself, or was executed. Severus rode his horse over Albinus' headless body before having it thrown into the Rhône with his murdered family. His head was sent to Rome as a warning.
SH14069. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1c, Cohen 55, gVF/VF, weight 4.006 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, as caesar, 193 A.D.; obverse D CL SEPT ALBIN CAES, bare head right; reverse PROVID AVG COS, Providentia standing half left, wand over globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; sharp portrait; SOLD


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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This is perhaps one of the most unusual issues in the entire follis series. It is nearly always attributed to Treveri (Trier), but a comparison of style and examination of hoards reveals that this issue was not struck in Trier but in Cyzicus. The KS in the field between the two figures is actually the mint mark, not the PTR. A look at the coins of Cyzicus (RIC VI Cyzicus 22-23) shows that the same two officinae (4th and 6th) struck this issue with and without the PTR. The Senior Augustus issues of Diocletian and Maximianus were struck at every mint currently in operation. Apparently, the first coins of this type were prepared at Trier and examples were sent to the various mints for the individual mints to copy. At Cyzicus, the die engravers copied everything, including the Trier mint mark and put their own mint mark in the field. Eventually someone realized the mistake and new dies were prepared with the mint mark replacing PTR in its proper location.

Quies is the personification of rest and retirement. This coin honors the Senior Emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 A.D. The obverse dedicates the coin, to our lord Maximian the happy senior emperor. The reverse translates, By the providence of the gods, the restful retirement of the Emperors.
SH51541. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 677a; cf. RIC VI Cyzicus 22 - 23; SRCV IV -, EF, weight 10.854 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 305 - 307 A.D.; obverse D N DIOCLETIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate bust right, wearing imperial mantle, olive branch in right hand, mappa in left hand; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia on left standing right, extending right hand to Quies, who is standing left with branch in right and leaning on scepter in left, S - F in outer fields, KS bottom center, PTR in exergue; rare; SOLD


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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SH34810. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 514, BMCRE V 254, Cohen IV 534, aVF, weight 9.258 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 213 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, radiate head right; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM S C, Providentia standing left, holding baton above globe and long scepter; scarce denomination for the reign and period; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RB72152. Orichalcum dupondius, BMCRE IV p. 584, 1252 & pl. 78, 15 (also with unbroken obverse legend); MIR 18 118-8/50; Hunter II - (p. cxxiii), RIC III -; Cohen IV -; SRCV II -, VF, superb portrait, nice reverse style, dark patina, weight 11.544 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Aug - Dec 165 A.D.; obverse M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG ARMENIACVS P M, radiate, bearded head right; reverse TR POT XIX IMP III COS III, Providentia standing slightly left, wand in left hand over globe at feet on left, long scepter vertical in right, S - C across field; very rare - not in RIC or Cohen; SOLD


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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Quies is the personification of rest and retirement. This coin honors the Senior Emperors Diocletian and Maximian after their abdication in 305 A.D. The obverse dedicates the coin, "to our lord Maximian the happy senior emperor." The reverse translates, "By the providence of the gods, the restful retirement of the Emperors."
SH12509. Billon follis, RIC VI Serdica 15b, gem VF, weight 8.917 g, maximum diameter 27.8 mm, die axis 180o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse D N MAXIMIANO FELICISSIMO SEN AVG, laureate draped bust right, holding mappa; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM QVIES AVGG, Providentia stands left, Quies stands right holding branch and scepter, S - F at sides, B in center, •SM•SD• in exergue; full circle centering, beautiful effect with silver fields and red copper raised features; scarce; SOLD


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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RS43346. Silver denarius, RIC III 170, RSC II 881, BMCRE IV 439, Choice EF, weight 3.503 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 166 - 167 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG ARM PARTH MAX, laureate head right; reverse TR P XXI IMP IIII COS III, Providentia standing left, rod in right over globe at feet, long scepter vertical in left; perfect centering; SOLD


Macrinus, 11 April 217 - 8 June 218 A.D.

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SH33838. Silver denarius, RIC IV 80, RSC III 108a, aEF, weight 3.443 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 217 - 218 A.D.; obverse IMP C M OPEL SEV MACRINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIA DEORVM, Providentia standing left, holding baton over globe in right hand, cornucopia in left; SOLD


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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Annona with a modius and anchor suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces, especially from Africa, and its distribution to the people. With the legend PROVIDENTIA AVGG, "The Foresight of the Emperors," Numerian assured that he would anticipate future needs and ensure the adequate supply and distribution of grain.
RA71586. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 37; La Venèra IV 1400; RIC V, part 2, 447; SRCV III 12253; Pink VI/2, p. 29; Cohen VI 83, Choice EF, superb bust, unusual style, excellent centering, much silvering, porosity, weight 3.570 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, Feb/Mar 283 - Oct/Nov 284 A.D.; obverse IMP NVMERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PROVIDENT AVGG, Providentia (Annona?) standing slightly right, head left, stalks of grain downward in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, modius at feet on left, VIXXI in exergue; ON LAYAWAY




    




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Providence