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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Personifications ▸ ForesightView Options:  |  |  |   

Providence (Providentia)

Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Colchester (Camulodunum) and its wall were rebuilt by the Romans after Queen Boudica led a rebellion in A.D. 60 and destroyed the town. Balkerne Gate in Colchester is the largest Roman arch in Britain. Balkerne Gate Colchester
RA73257. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 416, RIC V 358, Cohen VII 261, SRCV IV 13681 var. (S-C), Hunter IV 122 var. (same), VF, green patina, well centered, bumps, marks and scratches, weight 3.224 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, S - P flanking across field at center, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $165.00 (146.85)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such.
RA73253. Billon antoninianus, apparently unpublished, RIC V -; Webb Carausius -; Casey -; SRCV IV -; Hunter IV -; Linchmere Hoard -; Bicester Hoard -; et al. -, F, long closed flan crack, weight 3.133 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 45o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. mid 287 - 288 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTI AVG, Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand held vertically downward between globe on ground and his right foot, cornucopia in left hand, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; extremely rare; $150.00 (133.50)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that Providentia types are very common, but those reading PROVIDEN are rare.
RA73472. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 175 (draped, no cuirass) or 176 (also cuirassed), RIC V 149 (S), SRCV IV 13694, Askew 182, Hunter IV -, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, areas weakly struck, bumps and marks, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 290 - 291 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; scarce; $150.00 (133.50)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The letter Q in the reverse field is the second letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter S in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the second officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA77126. Billon antoninianus, Cohen VI 488 (also with helmet); RIC V, part 2, 492 (R); Pink VI-1, p. 67/9; Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, much silvering, unusual obverse legend, weight 3.366 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, 281 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG, radiate, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left holding globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, Q in left field, SXXI in exergue; rare; $150.00 (133.50)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The I in the obverse legend is unusual. It apparently abbreviates invictus - invincible. The plural AVGGG in the reverse legend refers to Diocletian, Maximian and Carausius in a futile attempt to appease the legitimate mainland rulers.
RA73290. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 370 (R), Webb Carausius 428, Hunter IV 145, SRCV IV -, F, green patina, corrosion, reverse double struck, weight 4.280 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 45o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F I AVG, radiate and draped bust right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - P flanking across field (S unstruck), C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $130.00 (115.70)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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The plural AVGGG in the reverse legend refers to Diocletian, Maximian and Carausius in a futile attempt to appease the legitimate mainland rulers.
RA73292. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 347, SRCV IV 13679, Askew 250, Webb Carausius -, Cohen VII -, Hunter IV -, aVF, some silvering remaining, green patina, patina chips, edge chips, weight 2.383 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - early 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate and draped right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing half left, staff in right hand held vertically downward between globe on ground on left and right foot, cornucopia in left hand, S-P flanking low across field, C in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $125.00 (111.25)


Aurelian, August or September 270 - October or November 275 A.D.

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Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774.
RA70549. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 1550, BnF XII 634, Gbl MIR 78Ab3, RIC V 152, Venra 5548 - 5609, Hunter IV 63, Cohen VI 183, SRCV III 11587, Choice gVF, perfect centering, some silvering, light scratches, a few reverse legend letters unstruck (filled die), weight 4.655 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, late 274 A.D.; obverse IMP C AVRELIANVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDEN DEOR (the foresight of the gods), Fides on left holding standard in each hand, facing Sol, standing left, raising his right hand commanding the sun to rise and holding globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; $110.00 (97.90)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that for Carausius, "...the type Providentia appears with some twenty-four varieties of reverse legend, while the joint effect of obverse and reverse variations of legend and type is to produce upwards of eighty varieties of coins dedicated to that divinity."
RA73227. Billon antoninianus, cf. Webb Carausius 407, 414, 556, RIC V 345, SRCV IV 13680, VF, green patina with chips, reverse a little off-center, weight 3.849 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 180o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 291 - 293 A.D.; obverse IMP C CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providence standing left, globe in extended right, cornucopia in left hand, S - C or S - P across field below center, C in exergue or exergue blank; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $110.00 (97.90)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
RA73486. Billon antoninianus, cf. RIC V 370 (R), Webb Carausius 428, Hunter IV 145 (all refs. IMP C...), aVF, crackled green patina, edge split and cracks, tight flan cutting off tops of legends, double struck, weight 3.151 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Camulodunum (Colchester, England) mint, c. 292 - mid 293; obverse IMP [C?] CARAVSIVS P F I AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVID AVGGG (the foresight of the three emperors), Providentia standing left, globe in extended right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field, possibly C in exergue (off flan); from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $110.00 (97.90)


Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.

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A.D. 238 was the year of six emperors. Maximinus Thrax was killed (along with his son Maximus Caesar) when his soldiers mutinied. Gordian II was killed in battle. Gordian I hanged himself. Pupienus was lynched by his bodyguard. Balbinus was beaten and dragged naked through the streets of Rome before being killed by the Praetorians. Gordian III lived to become sole emperor.
RS90445. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8655, RIC IV 4, RSC IV 302, Hunter III 9, VF, centered, frosted, weight 2.691 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 238 - 239 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIA AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, transverse long scepter in left; $100.00 (89.00)




  



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Catalog current as of Saturday, July 22, 2017.
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Providence