Gordian III was a decendant of the Emperor Trajan and Gracchi brothers. The Gracchi brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, were Roman plebeian nobiles who both served as tribunes in the late 2nd century B.C. They attempted to pass land reform legislation that would redistribute the major patrician landholdings among the plebeians, in addition to other reform measures. Both were assassinated for their efforts.
RS63952. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 197, RSC IV 307, aVF, weight 4.289 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 238 - 239 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reversePROVIDENTIA AVG, Annona standing left, grain in right over flaming altar on ground, cornucopia in left; nice portrait, well centered on a broad flan; rare; $150.00 (€115.50)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
Providentia was an important moral and philosophical abstraction in Roman discourse. Cicero says it is one of the three main components of prudentia, "the knowledge of things that are good or bad or neither," along with memoria, "memory," and intellegentia, "understanding." The Latin word is the origin of the Christian concept of divine providence.
RS64543. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 172, RSC IV 196a, SRCV III 8634 var (Rome), Choice gVF, weight 4.456 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 239 A.D.; obverseIMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverseP M TR P II COS P P, Providentia standing left, globe in right, transverse scepter in left; scarce; $150.00 (€115.50)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The Q on the reverse is the second letter of the codewordEQVITI, referring to the cavalry. The S in the exergue indicates the second officina (mint workshop). Each officina was assigned letter of the codewordEQVITI corresponding to their officina number. With six coins, one coin from each of the six officina, you can spell out the "secret" codeword.
RB60453. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 489, Choice VF, weight 3.468 g, maximum diameter 25.0 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiatebust left, wearing imperial mantle with Medusa on chest, eagle tipped scepter in right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG, Providentia standing left holding globe in right and transverse scepter in left, Q in left field, SXXI in ex; soft strike areas, full circle centering; $145.00 (€111.65)
Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.
Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and make provision. She was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult of ancient Rome. Providentia figures in art, cult, and literature, but has little or no mythology as such.
RB46841. Silveredantoninianus, RIC V 716; Alföldi Siscia V type 51, nº 2, EF, weight 4.071 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, 6th officina, Siscia mint, 276 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right, from behind; reverse PROVIDENT AVG, Providentia standing left, globe in right, transverse scepter in left, officina mark S in right field, XXI in ex; nicely centered, bold strike, near full silvering; $100.00 (€77.00)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt
Pronoia is the Greek version of the Roman Providentia. She is a rarely depicted on Greek coins but was widely used by the Romans.
RX59618. Billon tetradrachm, SRCV II 5932; Dattari 3879; Milne 2691; BMC Alexandria p. 176, 1417; Geissen 2249; SNG Cop 585, aVF, weight 10.014 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 189 - 28 Aug 190 A.D.; obverse M A KOM ANTW CEB EYCEB, laureate head right; reverse ΠΡΟΝΟΙΑ, Pronoia standing left raising hand and holding scepter, date LΛ (year 30 of Marcus Aurelius) right; $95.00 (€73.15)