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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Geographic - All Periods| ▸ |Britain||View Options:  |  |  | 

Ancient Coins of Britain

Before the Roman invasion, Britain was populated by Celtic tribes with well-established cultural and economic links with continental Europe. Although Julius Caesar conducted the first Roman campaign in Britain in 55 B.C., the conquest did not begin until A.D. 43, during the reign of Claudius. The British tribes initially opposed the Roman legions, but by 84 the Romans had decisively conquered southern Britain and had pushed into what is now southern Scotland. In 122 they fortified the northern border with Hadrian's Wall, which spanned what is now Northern England. In 142 Roman forces pushed north again and began construction of the Antonine Wall, but they retreated back to Hadrian's Wall after only twenty years. Following the conquest, native Britons were subject to the Roman governors but mostly kept their land, and a distinctive Romano-British culture emerged. The Roman Empire retained control until its departure about A.D. 430.Romanization of Britain

Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

|France|, |Anglo-Gallic,| |Henry| |VI| |de| |Lancastre,| |King| |of| |France| |and| |England,| |1422| |-| |1453|, |grand| |blanc| |aux| |cus|
In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne from his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
WO95135. Silver grand blanc aux cus, Elias 281a (RR), Ciani 602, Duplessy 445, Lafaurie 449, SCBC-SII 8166; cross ancre (anchored) mint mark, aVF, toned, weight 3.019 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Auxerre mint, authorized 23 Nov 1422; obverse (cross ancre) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS (no abbreviation mark) above; reverse (cross ancre) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICTV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XX (25 March 1992), lot 1465 (catalog online); very rare; $275.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00


Manilla, Money of the Slave Trade, British, Middle - Late Period, c. 18th - early 19th Century

|Africa|, |Manilla,| |Money| |of| |the| |Slave| |Trade,| |British,| |Middle| |-| |Late| |Period,| |c.| |18th| |-| |early| |19th| |Century|, |Manilla|
Manillas are brass or copper bracelet-shaped objects, used as money in West Africa, from about the 16th century to the late 1940s. They are usually horseshoe-shaped, with terminations that face each other and are roughly lozenge-shaped. Manillas were first used as money in Calabar an ancient kingdom on the southeast coast of Nigeria. In 1505, a slave could be bought in Calabar for 8-10 manillas. In 1522, in Benin a female slave 16 years of age cost 50 manillas. The price of a slave varied considerably over time, by place, and by the type of manilla. After Bristol entered the African trade, manillas were made in England for export, at first in Bristol, later in Birmingham. A typical voyage took manillas and brass objects such as pans and basins to West Africa, then slaves to America, then cotton back to the mills of Europe. Bristol merchants were responsible for shipping more than 500,000 enslaved African people to the Caribbean and North America. In 1902 the import of manillas to Nigeria was prohibited. They were, however, still in regular use in 1948 when the British bought up over 32 million pieces and resold them in Europe as scrap. A lingering reminder of the slave trade, manillas ceased to be legal tender in British West Africa on 1 April 1949. People were permitted to keep a maximum of 200 for use as a symbol of wealth in ceremonies such as marriages and funerals. Manillas may still occasionally be used as money in remote villages in Burkina Faso.
AS96171. Copper Manilla, British, middle - late period, Birmingham, weight 69.2g, 68mm across, 65mm tall, 7mm gauge, teardrop foot 18mm wide x 21 mm long, $25.00 SALE |PRICE| $22.00 ON RESERVE


Belgic Celts in Britain, Atrebates, Verica, c. 10 - 43 A.D.

|Celtic| |&| |Tribal|, |Belgic| |Celts| |in| |Britain,| |Atrebates,| |Verica,| |c.| |10| |-| |43| |A.D.|, |quarter| |stater|
At the time of Caesar's invasion of Britain, the Atrebates, "the settlers," covered Sussex, Berkshire, west Surrey, parts of Hampshire, north-east Wiltshire.
SL86748. Gold quarter stater, Little Horse Rearing type; Bean VERC1-2, Cottam ABC 1199, Van Arsdell 466-1, Hobbs 1179, SCBC 124, NGC EF, strike 5/5, surface 3/5 (2400434-001), weight 1.19 g, maximum diameter 9.2 mm, die axis 225o, Calleva mint, c. 10 - 40 A.D.; obverse COM F in linear rectangle tablet, pellet in annulet above and below; reverse horse prancing right, VI above, exergual line below; ex Stephen Album auction 21 (15 Jan 2015), lot 1 (realized $900 plus fees); SOLD







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REFERENCES|

Allen, D. Catalogue of Celtic Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1987-1990).
Allen, D. The Coins of the Ancient Celts. (Edinburgh, 1980).
Coins of England & the United Kingdom, Standard Catalogue of British Coins. (London, -).
Cottam, E., et al. Ancient British Coins. (Chris Rudd, Norfolk, UK, 2010).
de Jersey, P. Celtic Coinage in Britain. (London, 1996).
de la Tour, H. Atlas de monnaies Gauloises. (Paris, 1892).
Hobbs, R. British Iron Age Coins in the British Museum. (London, 1996).
Nash, D. Coinage in the Celtic World. (London, 1987).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Vol. 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sills, J. Gaulish and Early British Gold Coinage. (London, 2003).
Van Arsdell, R. Celtic Coinage of Britain. (London, 1989).


Catalog current as of Friday, July 10, 2020.
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