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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Personifications>Health PAGE 1/29123

Health (Hygieia or Salus)

Hygieia (also Hygiea or Hygeia, in Latin Hygea or Hygia), was the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. She was the goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation. While her father was more directly associated with healing, she was associated with the prevention of sickness and the continuation of good health. Her name is the source of the word "hygiene." She was imported by the Romans as the Goddess Valetudo, the goddess of personal health, but over time she was increasingly identified with the ancient Italian goddess of social welfare, Salus.


Hadrian, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.


On the Certificate, David Sear notes, "a very rare obverse variant and an excellent example of the early "Trajanic" style of Hadrian's portraiture."
SH24853. Gold aureus, BMCRE p. 250, 84 note; RIC 46 var (bust right), Cohen 1368 var (same), Choice VF, weight 7.124 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 118 A.D.; obverse IMP CAESAR TRAIAN HADRIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust left; reverse P M TR P COS II SALVS AVG, Salus seated left, feeding snake coiled around altar; ex Freeman and Sear; very rare; SOLD

Anthemius, 12 April 467 - 11 July 472
Click for a larger photo During the reign of Anthemius, dies were sometimes shared between the mints at Rome, Milan and Ravenna. This variant of an extremely rare type minted at Milan appears to have a re-engraved mint mark. The only other known example of this variant is in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection.
SH01632. Gold solidus, RIC X 2887, Lacam 93, VF, weight 4.37 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mediolanum (Milan, Italy) mint, late 467 - 472 A.D.; obverse D N ANTHEMIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl-diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman riding down enemy; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE, Anthemius and Leo, nimbate, standing front, each holds a spear and together they hold a cross on a globe, MD in center, COMOB in ex; cross graffiti in obverse right field; extremely rare (R4); SOLD

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo To celebrate his escape from the Pisonian conspiracy and assassination attempt in 65 A.D., Nero constructed a temple to Salus, the Roman goddess of health and safety, and honored her on the reverse of his coins.
SH38942. Gold aureus, SRCV I 1932, RIC I 59, Cohen 313, Paris 225, gF, weight 7.092 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 65 - 66 A.D.; obverse NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse SALVS, Salus seated left on high back throne, patera in right; SOLD

Theodosius II and Valentinian III, 23 October 424 - 28 July 450 A.D.
Click for a larger photo As Rome's power decreased, the burden of taxation became more and more intolerable for the remaining western provinces. These higher taxes seriously impaired loyalty of the remaining provinces contributing to downward spiral.
SH15310. Gold solidus, RIC X 237, Choice EF, weight 4.460 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 426 429 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, diademed, helmeted, and cuirassed bust facing, head slightly right, holding spear and shield; reverse SALVS REI-PVBLIVCAE CONOB E, Theodosius enthroned (left) and Valentinian III standing, each nimbate, wearing consular robes, holding cruciform scepter and mappa, star above; a very good strike well centered; scarce; SOLD

Pescennius Niger, April to 1 June 193 - March, April or May 194 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
SH33752. Silver denarius, RIC IV 77, Cohen 68, VF, porous, weight 2.444 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, obverse IMP CAES C PESC NIGER IVSTI AVG, laureate head right; reverse SALVTI AVGVSTI, Salus standing right, feeding snake held in right from patera in left, altar at feet; well centered; rare; SOLD

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo To celebrate his escape from the Pisonian conspiracy and assassination attempt in 65 A.D., Nero constructed a temple to Salus, the Roman goddess of health and safety, and honored her on the reverse of his coins.
SH40513. Silver denarius, RIC I 67, SRCV I 1945, BMCRE I 90, VF, weight 3.508 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 66 - 67 A.D.; obverse NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS, laureate head right; reverse SALVS, Salus enthroned left, patera in extended right, left elbow on throne; attractive style, excellent portrait; SOLD

Galba, 3 April 68 - 15 January 69 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
SH19909. Copper as, RIC I 501, Cohen 230, BMC I 265 note, VF, weight 10.521 g, maximum diameter 28.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 68 - 15 Jan 69 A.D.; obverse SER SVLPI GALBA IMP CAESAR AVG P M TR P, bare-headed draped bust right; reverse SALVS AVGVSTI S C, Pax leaning left on column, legs crossed, feeding snake from patera; high relief, well centered obverse, light smoothing in fields; rare; SOLD

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
SH01665. Silver denarius, RIC II 20, RSC II 134, BMCRE III 48, EF, weight 3.26 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse SALVS PVBLICA, Salus seated left, heads of grain in right, left elbow on throne; scarce; SOLD

Nero, 13 October 54 - 9 June 68 A.D.
Click for a larger photo To celebrate his escape from the Pisonian conspiracy and assassination attempt in 65 A.D., Nero constructed a temple to Salus, the Roman goddess of health and safety, and honored her on the reverse of his coins.
RS41959. Silver denarius, RIC I 71, SRCV I 1945 var., BMCRE I 98, VF/F, weight 3.330 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 67 - 68 A.D.; obverse IMP NERO CAESAR AVG P P, laureate head right; reverse SALVS (in exergue), Salus enthroned left, patera in right, left hand at side; SOLD

Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one serpent bringing another healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing.
SH53263. Orichalcum sestertius, SRCV II 3199, RIC II 515, VF, weight 27.084 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI S C, Salus seated left, feeding snake arising from altar; attractive coin, some obverse roughness; SOLD



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Catalog current as of Monday, November 24, 2014.
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Health