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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ BohemiaView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Bohemia

Bohemia is a historical region in central Europe, bounded on the south by Upper and Lower Austria, on the west by Bavaria, on the north by Saxony and Lusatia, on the northeast by Silesia, and on the east by Moravia. It is located in the contemporary Czech Republic with its capital in Prague. The Kingdom of Bohemia was within the Holy Roman Empire and subsequently a province in the Habsburgs' Austrian Empire.

Breslau, Silesia, Kingdom of Bohemia, Sigismund of Luxembourg, 1419 - 1437

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Silesia's borders and national affiliation have changed over time, both when it was a hereditary possession of noble houses and after the rise of modern nation-states. The first known states to hold power there were probably those of Greater Moravia at the end of the 9th century and Bohemia early in the 10th century. In the 10th century, Silesia was incorporated into the early Polish state, and after its division in the 12th century became a Piast duchy. In the 14th century, it became a constituent part of the Bohemian Crown Lands under the Holy Roman Empire, which passed to the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy in 1526.
ME89012. Silver heller, Kopicki 8765b (R2), Saurma 67, VF, tight flan, some strike weakness, weight 0.290 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 270o, Breslau, Silesia (Wroclaw, Poland) mint, 1422 - 1437; obverse M O W M O W (O = annulet mint control mark), head of St. John the Baptist facing slightly left; reverse Lion rampant left; annulet (mint control mark) below; ex Münzenhdl Brom (Berlin, Germany); rare; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00

Bohemia, John (the Blind) of Luxembourg, 1310 - 1346

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John is known for having died while fighting in the Battle of Crécy at age 50, after having been blind for a decade. The medieval chronicler Jean Froissart left the following account: "..for all that he was nigh blind, when he understood the order of the battle, he said to them about him: 'Where is the lord Charles my son?' His men said: 'Sir, we cannot tell; we think he be fighting.' Then he said: 'Sirs, ye are my men, my companions and friends in this journey: I require you bring me so far forward, that I may strike one stroke with my sword.' They said they would do his commandment, and to the intent that they should not lose him in the press, they tied all their reins of their bridles each to other and set the king before to accomplish his desire, and so they went on their enemies. The lord Charles of Bohemia his son, who wrote himself king of Almaine and bare the arms, he came in good order to the battle; but when he saw that the matter went awry on their party, he departed, I cannot tell you which way. The king his father was so far forward that he strake a stroke with his sword, yea and more than four, and fought valiantly and so did his company; and they adventured themselves so forward, that they were there all slain, and the next day they were found in the place about the king, and all their horses tied each to other."
ME48548. Silver Parvus, Smolík 1, Fair, weight 0.359 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, die axis 180o, Kuttenberg (Kutná Hora) mint, 1311 - 1319; obverse S WENCEZLAV, half-length bust of Saint Wenceslaus facing; reverse IOHES REX BOEM, rampant lion with double tail left; rare; SOLD

Kingdom of Bohemia, Holy Roman Empire, Ferdinand III, 1627 - 1657

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Ferdinand III was the eldest son of Emperor Ferdinand II from the house of Habsburg and his first wife, Maria Anna of Bavaria. He hoped to be able to make peace quickly with France and Sweden, but the war dragged on for another 11 years, finally coming to an end with the Peace of Westphalia.

In the Peace of Westphalia, his full titles are given as: "Ferdinand the Third, elected Roman Emperor, always August, King of Germany, Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Luxemburg, of the Higher and Lower Silesia, of Wurtemburg and Teck, Prince of Swabia, Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Kyburg and Goritia, Marquess of the Sacred Roman Empire, Burgovia, the Higher and Lower Lusace, Lord of the Marquisate of Slavonia, of Port Naon and Salines."
WO59114. Silver 3 Kreuzer, SCWC KM 412; mintmaster Jackob W. Wolker, VF, weight 1.647 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Prague mint, 1639; obverse FER III D G R IMP FRA S A, Bare headed bust right; reverse G H BOHEMIAE REX 1639, Bohemian arms held by imperial double-headed eagle; SOLD



Cach, F. Nejstarsě Ceské Mince, Teil 1 - 4. (Prague, 1970-1982).
Fiala, E. Beschreibung der Sammlung Böhmischer Münzen und Medaillen des Max Donebauer, mit Anhang. (Prague, 1889-91).
Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Haskova, J. Chebské mince z 12. a 13. století. (Cheb, 1972).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
Krusy, H. Gegenstempel auf Münzen des Spätmittelalters. (Frankfurt & Mainz, 1974).
Sejbal, J. Moravská mince doby Hussite. (Brünn, 1965).
Smerda, J. Denáry ceské a moravské: katalog mincí ceského státu od X. do pocátku XIII. století. (Brno, 1996).
Smolík, J. Prazské Grose a Jejich Díly (1300-1547). (Prague, 1971).
von Saurma-Jeltsch, H. Die saurmasche Münzsammlung deutscher, schweizerischer und polnischer Gepräge. (Berlin, 1892).
von Saurma-Jeltsch, H. Schlesische Münzen und Medaillen. (Breslau, 1883).

Catalog current as of Sunday, May 26, 2019.
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Bohemian Coins