Roman Republic, C. Papirius Turdus, 169 - 158 B.C.
In 169, Lex Voconia (The Voconian Law) prohibited Romans who owned property valued at 100,000 sesterces or more from making a woman their heir. The intent was to limit the wealth of women, who were presumed to expend it on useless luxury goods. The limit was not arbitrary but was the traditional property qualification for admission to the highest class in the Comitia Centuriata and the Equestrian Order. The Lex Voconia was evaded by avoiding registration in the census, but that entailed the loss of some rights. A form of trust was also used to evade the law until voided by the Lex Falcidia. Under Augustus, the Lex PapiaPoppaea granted full inheritance rights to married women who were mothers of three children (if born free) or four children (if a freedwoman).
RR71976. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 193/4, BMCRR I Rome 803, Sydenham 366c, BabelonPapiria 4, RBW Collection 829, SRCV I 1119, F, well centered on a tight slightly irregular flan, corrosion, weight 2.737 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 270o, Rome mint, 169 - 158 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, clad in Nemean Lion's scalp, three pellets (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, TVRD (VR ligate) above, three pellets (mark of value) before, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection, ex Roma Numismatics e-auction 8, lot 500; very rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50