Roman Republic, Anonymous Luceria, c. 206 - 195 B.C.
In 321 BC, the Roman army was deceived into thinking Lucera was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Lucera but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Colonia Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Lucera. From then on, Lucera was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.
RR69349. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 97/19, Sydenham 178c, BMCRR Italy 212, SRCV I 1056, F, weight 5.378 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Luceria mint, 4th series, c. 206 - 195 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, club left at neck truncation; reverse galley prow right, ROMA above, L right, three pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $65.00 (€48.75)