Roman Republic, Anonymous Luceria, 211 - 206 B.C.
In 321 B.C., the Roman army was deceived into thinking Luceria was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Luceria but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Luceria. From then on, Luceria was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.RR75356. Bronze , 97/7c, 304, Italy 173, 1320, F, nice green , 4.316 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 45o, Luceria mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; helmeted of right, pellet (mark of value) behind; , galley prow right, above, L and pellet (mark of value) below; ; $65.00 (€57.85)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
In the final years of his reign, developed a reputation for cruelty and misrule. Dominated by favorites and openly preferring his select bodyguard, he lost the support of the legions. In 350, the general declared himself emperor at Augustodunum with the support of the troops on the Rhine frontier and, later, the western provinces of the Empire. was enjoying himself nearby when he was notified of the elevation of . Lacking any support beyond his immediate household, he was forced to flee for his life. As he was trying to reach , supporters of cornered him in a fortification in (now Elne) in the eastern Pyrenees of southwestern Gaul, where he was killed after seeking sanctuary in a temple. A prophecy at his birth had said would die in the arms of his grandmother. His place of death happens to have been named after , mother of Constantine and his own grandmother, thus realizing the prophecy.RL57035. heavy maiorina, 122, II 1649, 18675, 13, 56 var. (3rd ), VF, a little rough, 4.384 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N , pearl-diademed, draped and right, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left on galley, on globe in right hand, ( ) in left, seated in stern steering ship, A in left , TSA in ; $60.00 (€53.40)
Roman Republic, L. Cornelius Cinna, 169 - 157 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., at the Battle of Pydna (in southern ) Roman forces under Aemilius Paulus decisively defeated Perseus and his Macedonian forces, ending the Third Macedonian War. Perseus was captured spent the rest of his life in captivity at Fucens, near Rome. The was broken up into four smaller states. All the Greek cities which offered aid to , even just in words, were punished. Rome took hundreds of prisoners from the leading families of , including the historian Polybius.RR72169. Bronze as, 178/1, 368, I Rome 804, 699, aF, 32.645 g, maximum 31.4 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 169 - 157 B.C.; laureate bearded of , I (mark of value) above; galley prow right, CINA above, I (mark of value) right, below; $55.00 (€48.95)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR74144. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., Fair/Poor, 2.895 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards; $55.00 (€48.95)
Panormos, , c. 241 - 70 B.C.
In 254 B.C. was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of . It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under , received a Roman colony.GI76787. Bronze AE 14, I p. 338, 41; 580; 545; 778; p. 123, 23; 1085 (S), aF, 4.262 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, Panormos (Palermo, ) mint, Roman rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.; of Demeter left, veiled and wreathed in grain, plow(?) behind; war galley prow right, Panormos Greek above; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 90 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Livius proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, but was assassinated, leading to the .RR71889. Bronze , 339/2, 679a, 2196, 901, F, 4.213 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 270o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow right, S (mark of value) above, below; $40.00 (€35.60)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people.RB73741. , 656, 1330, 36, 4264, aF, rough, 11.298 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 140 - 144 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS I, right; , standing slightly right, right, two stalks of grain downward in right over at feet on left, in right, ships stern in background on right, flanking across ; $40.00 (€35.60)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GA77819. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), Fair/Fine, , 0.780 g, maximum 8.7 mm, , mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin (O) between them; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Collection; $28.00 (€24.92)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR74109. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., Fair/Poor, 2.990 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 1801o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards; $.99 (€.88)
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