Seleukid Kingdom, Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C., ,
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the , was made . He married Demetrius' wife Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the John Hyrcanus opened David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the , supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back , and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to . was the last Seleucid of any stature.GY77866. Bronze AE 16,
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Regarding religion, was tolerant of Judaism and promulgated an edict banning pagan sacrifices in 341. He suppressed Donatism in and supported Nicene orthodoxy against Arianism, which was championed by his brother Constantius. Although called the Council of Sardica in 343 to settle the conflict, it was a failure, and by 346 the two emperors were on the point of open warfare over the dispute. The conflict was only resolved by an interim agreement which allowed each emperor to support their preferred clergy within their own spheres of influence.RL83817.
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius II Nikator, 146 - 136 and 129 - 125 B.C.
Paul spent a week with the disciples in Tyre on his return from his third missionary journey (Acts 21:4).GY77865. Bronze AE 20,
II 1968(2), 100, 1000 (R1-2), 171 (S), F, potentially active corrosion, 5.105 g, maximum 19.5 mm, Tyre mint, 145 - 144 B.C.; diademed of Demetrios II right; stern of galley left,BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ∆HMHTPIOY in two lines over L HΞP ( year 168 ) above, TYPIΩN over Phoenician script "of Tyre" below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ;
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