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Home>Catalog>CollectingThemes>Nautical&Marine>Ships PAGE 3/4«««1234

Galleys and Other Ships on Ancient Coins


Roman Republic, L. Saufeius, 152 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Saturn was an ancient Roman god of fertility, especially of agriculture and usually carries a sickle as his symbol. Saturday is named for Saturn. Romans celebrated the Feast of Saturnalia at the Winter Solstice. Homes were decorated with greenery. Friends visited and exchanged gifts. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. War and executions were postponed. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.
RR69359. Bronze semis, Crawford 204/3, Sydenham 385a, BMCRR Rome 839, SRCV I 853, aVF, porous, weight 7.088 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 152 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse galley prow right, hull ornamented with apotropaic eye, crescent over L SAVF (VF ligate) above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $80.00 (€60.00)

Roman, Two Bronze Nails, 1st Century B.C. - 1st Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Called shielding tacks or nails, this type of Roman nail was used to affix lead shieldings on the bottom of Roman Galleys.
AI36105. Two bronze nails; broad flat "shield" heads, 1 inch tall, with wood stand, Choice, ex Tucker Collection; from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer in antiquities for 40 years; $70.00 (€52.50)

Macedonia, c. 168 B.C, Imitative of Type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, 2nd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. Perhaps this imitative is a Roman military issue.
GS60645. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following #2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, North Euboea, Greece, VF, weight 2.185 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on galley; $70.00 (€52.50)

Roman Republic, Anonymous Luceria, c. 206 - 195 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 321 BC, the Roman army was deceived into thinking Lucera was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Lucera but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Colonia Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Lucera. From then on, Lucera was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.
RR69349. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 97/19, Sydenham 178c, BMCRR Italy 212, SRCV I 1056, F, weight 5.378 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Luceria mint, 4th series, c. 206 - 195 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, club left at neck truncation; reverse galley prow right, ROMA above, L right, three pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $65.00 (€48.75)

Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Younger Son of Pompey the Great, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.) and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH68395. Bronze as, Crawford 479/1, Sydenham 1044, RPC I 671, Sear Imperators 366, Fair, weight 18.242 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian or Spanish mint, 43 - 36 B.C.; obverse MAGN (above, MA ligate), laureate head of Janus with the features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $60.00 (€45.00)

Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.
Click for a larger photo After his brother Demetrius was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII was made king. He married Demetrius' wife Cleopatra Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the Parthians, supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to Syria. Antiochus VII was the last Seleucid king of any stature.
GB69953. Bronze AE 12, Houghton-Lorber II 2069a; BMC Seleucid p. 75, 70; Babelon Rois1168; SNG Spaer 1973 ff,, F, weight 1.334 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch on the Orontes mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse ship's ram left within dotted border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, pilei (caps of the Dioscuri), stars above, no control mark; $50.00 (€37.50)

Bottiaea, Macedonia, c. 185 - 168 B.C.
Click for a larger photo This rare type was struck by Philip V of Macedon on behalf of the Bottiaeans.
GS70616. Silver pentobol, SNG Cop 136 (2 1/2 obol); SNG Evelpidis 1207 (triobol); BMC Macedonia p. 64, 3; SNG ANS -, aF, weight 1.539 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, die axis 45o, Bottiaea mint, c. 185 - 168 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield with pentaskles in cent; reverse prow of galley right, BOTTEATΩ on the side of the galley, ΘE below; rare; $50.00 (€37.50)

Arados, Phoenicia, c. 242 - 166 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 259 B.C. Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.
GB59874. Bronze AE 17, BMC Phoenicia p. 13, 90 (also with beveled edge); Duyrat 1374 ff., aVF, weight 3.312 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 270o, Arados mint, c. 242 - 166 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right; reverse prow of galley left, with Athena figurehead, Greek AP (Arados) monogram above, no club above, no date below; nice glossy black patina with red earthen highlighting; $40.00 (€30.00)

Arados, Phoenicia, 349 - 340 B.C.
Click for a larger photo The Egyptian dwarf god Pataikos offered protection from evil. He was a manifestation of the creator god Ptah, and became popular beginning in the New Kingdom. The name was introduced by the Greek writer Herodotus. Tiny figures amulets of the god were popular in Egypt.
GS65782. Silver obol, cf. HGC 10 48 - 49; Betlyon 28; BMC Phoenicia p. 8, 54, aF, toned, apparently struck with a damaged obverse die, underweight, weight 0.448 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 90o, Arados mint, 349 - 340 B.C.; obverse archaic-style laureate and bearded head of Ba'al-Arwad (the god of Arados); reverse galley right, Pataikos and aleph above, waves below; $40.00 (€30.00)

Arados, Phoenicia, 176 - 112 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Arwad, Syria, an island in the Mediterranean, was settled by Phoenicians early in the 2nd millennium B.C. In the Bible it is called Arvad. In Greek it was known as Arados. The city also appears in ancient sources as Arpad and Arphad. Antiochus I Soter renamed it Antiochia in Pieria. Arados obtained fresh water from a spring off shore on the sea floor. The water was captured
GB70615. Bronze AE 20, Cohen DCA 764; cf. Duyrat 2237 ff., BMC Phoenicia p. 36, 300 ff., F, weight 7.998 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, Arados mint, 176 - 112 B.C.; obverse Turreted bust of Tyche right, palm branch behind; reverse Poseidon seated left on prow of galley left with Athena figurehead, wreath in right, trident in left, uncertain Phoenician control letters and date; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $39.00 (€29.25)

Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 383, Theodosius I ceded Dacia and Macedonia to Valentinian II and recognized Magnus Maximus as Augustus.
RL57906. Bronze AE 2, RIC IX 23, aVF, weight 4.766 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 383 - 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, helmeted pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right holding spear and shield; reverse GLORIA RO-MANORVM, emperor standing left on galley, head right, raising right hand, Victory at helm, T left, SMKB in ex; large bronze for the period; $34.00 (€25.50)

Arados, Phoenicia, c. 242 - 166 B.C.
Click for a larger photo In 259 B.C. Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.
BB62559. Bronze AE 18, BMC Phoenicia p. 13, 88 - 90; Duyrat 1374 ff., F, weight 2.189 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, Arados mint, c. 242 - 166 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right; reverse prow of galley left, with Athena figurehead, Greek AP (Arados) monogram above, no club above, no date below; from the Aiello Collection; $32.00 (€24.00)

Arados, Phoenicia, 176 - 112 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Arwad, Syria, an island in the Mediterranean, was settled by Phoenicians early in the 2nd millennium B.C. In the Bible it is called Arvad. In Greek it was known as Arados. The city also appears in ancient sources as Arpad and Arphad. Antiochus I Soter renamed it Antiochia in Pieria.
BB62436. Bronze AE 19, cf. Cohen DCA 764; Duyrat 2237 ff.; BMC Phoenicia p. 36, 300 ff., aF, weight 7.113 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Arados mint, 176 - 112 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right, palm branch behind; reverse Poseidon seated left on galley prow left, with Athena figurehead, wreath in his right and trident in left, AP monogram above, controls and uncertain Phoenician date below; $18.00 (€13.50)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Africa) and its distribution to the people.
RB69506. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC III 981, BMCRE IV 2037, SRCV II -, F, small open edge crack, grainy fields, weight 27.708 g, maximum diameter 32.0 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 157 - 158 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P IMP II, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XXI COS IIII, Annona standing right, left foot on prow, rudder on globe vertical behind in right hand, modius overflowing with stalks of grain resting on left knee and balanced with left hand, S - C flanking across field; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; bargain priced BIG brass!; $8.49 (€6.37)




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REFERENCES

Schaaff, Ulrich. Münzen der römischen Kaiserzeit mit Schiffsdarstellungen im Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseum. (Munich, 2003).

Catalog current as of Thursday, July 24, 2014.
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