Macedonia, c. 168 B.C, Imitative of Type from Histiaia, NorthEuboea, Greece, 2nd Century B.C.
Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. Perhaps this imitative is a Roman military issue.
GS60645. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following #2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, NorthEuboea, Greece, VF, weight 2.185 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on galley; $70.00 (€52.50)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D., Coela, Thracian Chersonesos
Varbanov 2901 has the same upside down V and reversed N legend error, but with an Apollotype.
RP67914. Bronze AE 17, Varbanov 2902 var (MVNIC normal), Moushmov 5568 var (same), BMC Thrace p. 191, 2 var (same); SNG Cop -, SNG Lindgren -, aVF, rough patina, weight 3.874 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Coela mint, obverse COMMODVS - ANTON, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse AEL MΛNIC, COILA (the Λ is an upside down V, N retrograde), prow right, cornucopia above; very rare; $70.00 (€52.50)
Amphipolis, Macedonia, c. 187 - 31 B.C.
In 168 B.C., the Romans invaded Macedonia and overthrew King Perseus in the First Battle of Pydna. In 149 B.C., Andriskos, at that time ruler of Adramyttium only, claiming to be Perseus' son, announced his intention to retake Macedonia from Rome. Andriskos travelled to Syria to request military help from Demetrius Soter of Syria. Demetrius instead handed him over Rome. Andriskos escaped captivity, raised a Thracian army, invaded Macedonia, and defeated the Roman praetor Publius Juventius. Andriskos then declared himself King Philip VI of Macedonia. In 148 B.C., Andriskos conquered Thessaly and made an alliance with Carthage, thus bringing the Roman wrath on him. In 148 B.C., in what the Romans called the Fourth Macedonian War, he was defeated by the Roman praetor Q. Caecilius Metellus at the Second Battle of Pydna, and fled to Thrace, whose prince gave him up to Rome, thus marking the final end to Andriskos' reign of Macedonia. Andriskos' brief reign over Macedonia was marked by cruelty and extortion. After this Macedonia was formally reduced to a Roman province.
BB69295. Bronze semis, SNG ANS 135 - 136 var (monograms), SNG Cop 69 - 70 var (same), SNG Dreer 217 var (same), BMC Macedonia -, aF, weight 8.612 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 315o, Amphipolis mint, Roman rule, c. 187 - 31 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right, S behind; reverse AMΦIΠO/ΛITΩN, prow, S left, monograms right; scarce; $65.00 (€48.75)
Roman Republic, Anonymous Luceria, c. 206 - 195 B.C.
In 321 BC, the Roman army was deceived into thinking Lucera was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Lucera but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Colonia Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Lucera. From then on, Lucera was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.
RR69349. Bronze quadrans, Crawford 97/19, Sydenham 178c, BMCRR Italy 212, SRCV I 1056, F, weight 5.378 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, Luceria mint, 4th series, c. 206 - 195 B.C.; obverse head of Hercules right, wearing Nemean Lion scalp headdress, club left at neck truncation; reverse galley prow right, ROMA above, L right, three pellets below; from the Andrew McCabe Collection; $65.00 (€48.75)
Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Younger Son of Pompey the Great, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.) and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH68395. Bronze as, Crawford 479/1, Sydenham 1044, RPC I 671, Sear Imperators 366, Fair, weight 18.242 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian or Spanish mint, 43 - 36 B.C.; obverseMAGN (above, MA ligate), laureate head of Janus with the features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $50.00 (€37.50)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII was made king. He married Demetrius' wife Cleopatra Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the Hasmoneanking John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the Parthians, supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to Syria. Antiochus VII was the last Seleucid king of any stature.
GB69953. Bronze AE 12, Houghton-Lorber II 2069a; BMC Seleucid p. 75, 70; Babelon Rois1168; SNG Spaer 1973 ff,, F, weight 1.334 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse ship's ram left within dotted border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, pilei (caps of the Dioscuri), stars above, no control mark; $45.00 (€33.75)
Arados, Phoenicia, 349 - 340 B.C.
The Egyptian dwarf god Pataikos offered protection from evil. He was a manifestation of the creator god Ptah, and became popular beginning in the New Kingdom. The name was introduced by the Greek writer Herodotus. Tiny figures amulets of the god were popular in Egypt.
GS65782. Silver obol, cf. HGC 10 48 - 49; Betlyon 28; BMC Phoenicia p. 8, 54, aF, toned, apparently struck with a damaged obverse die, underweight, weight 0.448 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 90o, Arados mint, 349 - 340 B.C.; obverse archaic-style laureate and bearded head of Ba'al-Arwad (the god of Arados); reverse galley right, Pataikos and aleph above, waves below; $40.00 (€30.00)
Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
The reverselegend translates, "Happy Times Restored." Happy times would not last for Constans. This coinage was among his last issues before his general Magnentius rebelled and had him killed.
BB70708. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIIISiscia 244, LRBC 1136, gVF, weight 2.404 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 45o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 19 Jan 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in Galley, holding labarum and Phoenix on globe, at stern Victory steering, [...]SIS and control-symbol in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $40.00 (€30.00)
Arados, Phoenicia, c. 242 - 166 B.C.
In 259 B.C. Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.
BB62559. Bronze AE 18, BMC Phoenicia p. 13, 88 - 90; Duyrat 1374 ff., F, weight 2.189 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, Arados mint, c. 242 - 166 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right; reverse prow of galley left, with Athena figurehead, Greek AP (Arados) monogram above, no club above, no date below; from the Aiello Collection; $32.00 (€24.00)
Arados, Phoenicia, 176 - 112 B.C.
Arwad, Syria, an island in the Mediterranean, was settled by Phoenicians early in the 2nd millennium B.C. In the Bible it is called Arvad. In Greek it was known as Arados. The city also appears in ancient sources as Arpad and Arphad. Antiochus I Soter renamed it Antiochia in Pieria.
BB62436. Bronze AE 19, cf. Cohen DCA 764; Duyrat 2237 ff.; BMC Phoenicia p. 36, 300 ff., aF, weight 7.113 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Arados mint, 176 - 112 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right, palm branch behind; reverse Poseidon seated left on galley prow left, with Athena figurehead, wreath in his right and trident in left, AP monogram above, controls and uncertain Phoenician date below; $18.00 (€13.50)
Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
Annona was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This reverse suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from Egypt) and its distribution to the people.
RS71866. Silver denarius, RIC III 239, RSC II 292, SRCV II 4068 var (date), F, nice portrait, toned, scratches, weight 3.145 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 154 - 155 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P TR P XVIII, laureate head right; reverseCOS IIII, Annona standing half left, stalks of grain in right hand, left hand rests on modius overflowing with grain set on prow; $12.49 (€9.37)