Gallic Empire, , Summer 260 - Spring 269 A.D.
Ptolemy wanted to integrate the Hellenistic and Egyptian religions by finding a deity that could win the reverence of both groups. The Greeks would not accept an animal-headed figure, so a Greek-style anthromorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular . It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became , and was said to be in full, rather than just his Ka (life force). RS64640. , 358, 91; 91; , 2, 329; 2421 (24 spec.); 382; 10992, gF, excellent centering, white metal, cracks, die wear, porous, 3.438 g, maximum 21.8 mm, 0o, (Cologne) mint, c. 266 A.D.; IMP C POSTVMVS , and draped right; SERAPI , standing left, raising right hand, long transverse in left, ship's prow left at feet on left; $45.00 (€40.05)
Panormos, , c. 241 - 70 B.C.
In 254 B.C. was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of . It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under , received a Roman colony.GI76787. Bronze AE 14, I p. 338, 41; 580; 545; 778; p. 123, 23; 1085 (S), aF, 4.262 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, Panormos (Palermo, ) mint, Roman rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.; of Demeter left, veiled and wreathed in grain, plow(?) behind; war galley prow right, Panormos Greek above; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 90 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Livius proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, but was assassinated, leading to the .RR71889. Bronze , 339/2, 679a, 2196, 901, F, 4.213 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 270o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow right, S (mark of value) above, below; $40.00 (€35.60)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopater, 187 - 175 B.C.
Antiochus IV seized the Temple in Jerusalem and dedicated it to Zeus. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. after Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. There was only enough oil to fuel the eternal flame for one day. Miraculously, it burned for eight days, enough time to prepare fresh oil.GY77861. Bronze AE 19, I 1316.3c, 893 var. (center ), 6970, 586, F, centered on a , corrosion, , 6.986 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 187 - 175 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing ivy-wreath, over far shoulder, A/B behind; galley prow left, AB above galley left of railing, HAP above prow in center, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, ΣEΛEYKOY below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $38.00 (€33.82)
, 1 July 69 - 24 June 79 A.D.
On 14 April 70 A.D. surrounded Jerusalem. He allowed pilgrims to enter to celebrate Passover but this was a trap to put pressure on supplies of food and water; he refused to allow them to leave. On 10 May he began his assault on the walls. The third wall fell on 25 May. The second wall fell on 30 May. On 20 July stormed the Temple Mount. On 4 August 70 A.D. destroyed the Temple. The Jewish fast of Tisha B'Av mourns the Fall of Jerusalem annually on this date.RS70216. Silver , , 1, 19; 84; 7; 7; -, Fine/Fair, excellent portrait, uneven , 3.291 g, maximum 17.8 mm, 225o, Rome mint, Jan - Jun 70 A.D.; IMP AVG, laureate right; , standing left, resting right hand on prow at feet on left, in left hand; $35.00 (€31.15)
Seleukid Kingdom, Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C., ,
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the , was made . He married Demetrius' wife Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the John Hyrcanus opened David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the , supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back , and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to . was the last Seleucid of any stature.GY77866. Bronze AE 16, II 2104, 2000, 1172, V 1261, II 624, , 1074 (R1), F, broad , rough, corrosion, 2.479 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, 134 - 133 B.C.; diademed of Antiochos VII right, ΘOP ( year 179); galley left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY in two lines above, ΣI∆ΩNΩN over Phoenician script "of the Sidonians" below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $24.00 (€21.36)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Regarding religion, was tolerant of Judaism and promulgated an edict banning pagan sacrifices in 341. He suppressed Donatism in and supported Nicene orthodoxy against Arianism, which was championed by his brother Constantius. Although called the Council of Sardica in 343 to settle the conflict, it was a failure, and by 346 the two emperors were on the point of open warfare over the dispute. The conflict was only resolved by an interim agreement which allowed each emperor to support their preferred clergy within their own spheres of influence.RL83817. quarter maiorina, 120, II 1642, 18732, 10, aVF, green with coppery high-points, slightly off center, areas of light corrosion, 2.904 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 180o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 349 A.D.; D N CONSTA-NS , pearl-diademed, draped and right; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left on galley, on globe in right hand, in left hand, seated in stern steering ship, TESA in ; $24.00 (€21.36)
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius II Nikator, 146 - 136 and 129 - 125 B.C.
Paul spent a week with the disciples in Tyre on his return from his third missionary journey (Acts 21:4).GY77865. Bronze AE 20,
II 1968(2), 100, 1000 (R1-2), 171 (S), F, potentially active corrosion, 5.105 g, maximum 19.5 mm, Tyre mint, 145 - 144 B.C.; diademed of Demetrios II right; stern of galley left,BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ∆HMHTPIOY in two lines over L HΞP ( year 168 ) above, TYPIΩN over Phoenician script "of Tyre" below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $10.00 (€8.90)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people.RB73741. , 656, 1330, 36, 4264, aF, rough, 11.298 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 140 - 144 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS I, right; , standing slightly right, right, two stalks of grain downward in right over at feet on left, in right, ships stern in background on right, flanking across ; $2.49 (€2.22)
CLICK HERE TO SEE MORE FROM THIS CATEGORY - FORVM's PRIOR SALES
Page created in 1.56 seconds