Macedonia, c. 168 B.C, Imitative of Type from Histiaia, NorthEuboea, Greece, 2nd Century B.C.
Sear notes crude Histiaia imitations seem to have been struck in Macedonia just prior to the Roman victory in 168 B.C. During the Republic, Roman military mints sometimes struck imitative types to make local payments. Examples include Thasian imitatives in Macedonia and Philip Philadelphos imitatives at Antioch. Perhaps this imitative is a Roman military issue.
GS60645. Silver tetrobol, See SGCV I p. 233 note following #2498; regarding imitatives of a 2nd century B.C. type from Histiaia, NorthEuboea, Greece, VF, weight 2.185 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain Macedonian mint, c. 168 B.C.; obverse head of nymph Histiaia right, wreathed with vine, hair rolled; reverse IΣTIAEΩN, nymph Histiaia seated right on galley; $60.00 (€45.00)
Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 Dec 192 A.D., Coela, Thracian Chersonesos
Varbanov 2901 has the same upside down V and reversed N legend error, but with an Apollotype.
RP67914. Bronze AE 17, Varbanov 2902 var (MVNIC normal), Moushmov 5568 var (same), BMC Thrace p. 191, 2 var (same); SNG Cop -, SNG Lindgren -, aVF, rough patina, weight 3.874 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 0o, Coela mint, obverse COMMODVS - ANTON, laureate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse AEL MΛNIC, COILA (the Λ is an upside down V, N retrograde), prow right, cornucopia above; very rare; $60.00 (€45.00)
Roman Republic, Sextus Pompey, Younger Son of Pompey the Great, Imperator and Prefect of the Fleet, Executed 35 B.C.
Although Sextus Pompey was the supreme naval commander, Octavian had the Senate declare him a public enemy. He turned to piracy and came close to defeating Octavian. He was, however, defeated by Marcus Agrippa at the naval battle of Naulochus (3 September 36 B.C.) and executed by order of Mark Antony in 35 B.C.
SH68395. Bronze as, Crawford 479/1, Sydenham 1044, RPC I 671, Sear Imperators 366, Fair, weight 18.242 g, maximum diameter 31.2 mm, die axis 180o, Sicilian or Spanish mint, 43 - 36 B.C.; obverseMAGN (above, MA ligate), laureate head of Janus with the features of Cn. Pompeius Magnus; reverse prow of galley right, PIVS above, IMP below; $45.00 (€33.75)
Arados, Phoenicia, 349 - 340 B.C.
The Egyptian dwarf god Pataikos offered protection from evil. He was a manifestation of the creator god Ptah, and became popular beginning in the New Kingdom. The name was introduced by the Greek writer Herodotus. Tiny figures amulets of the god were popular in Egypt.
GS65782. Silver obol, cf. HGC 10 48 - 49; Betlyon 28; BMC Phoenicia p. 8, 54, aF, toned, apparently struck with a damaged obverse die, underweight, weight 0.448 g, maximum diameter 9.6 mm, die axis 90o, Arados mint, 349 - 340 B.C.; obverse archaic-style laureate and bearded head of Ba'al-Arwad (the god of Arados); reverse galley right, Pataikos and aleph above, waves below; $40.00 (€30.00)
Seleukid Kingdom, Antiochus VII Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C.
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the Parthians, Antiochus VII was made king. He married Demetrius' wife Cleopatra Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the Hasmoneanking John Hyrcanus opened King David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the Parthians, supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back Mesopotamia, Babylonia and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to Syria. Antiochus VII was the last Seleucid king of any stature.
GB69953. Bronze AE 12, Houghton-Lorber II 2069a; BMC Seleucid p. 75, 70; Babelon Rois1168; SNG Spaer 1973 ff,, F, weight 1.334 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 138 - 129 B.C.; obverse ship's ram left within dotted border; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, pilei (caps of the Dioscuri), stars above, no control mark; $40.00 (€30.00)
Arados, Phoenicia, c. 242 - 166 B.C.
In 259 B.C. Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.
BB62559. Bronze AE 18, BMC Phoenicia p. 13, 88 - 90; Duyrat 1374 ff., F, weight 2.189 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 45o, Arados mint, c. 242 - 166 B.C.; obverse turreted bust of Tyche right; reverse prow of galley left, with Athena figurehead, Greek AP (Arados) monogram above, no club above, no date below; from the Aiello Collection; $32.00 (€24.00)
Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Around 350, Pope Julius I declared that Christ’s birth would be celebrated on December 25. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6. Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380. The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, probably in 388, and in Alexandria only in the following century.
RL70707. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIIISiscia 244 (C3), LRBC 1136, Voetter 31, VF, grainy, weight 2.390 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in Galley, labarum in left, Phoenix on globe in right hand, Victory steering at stern, BSIS followed by control-mark in ex; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $32.00 (€24.00)
Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
Constans' cruelty, misrule and homosexuality made himself extremely unpopular. On 18 January 350, the army in Gaul proclaimed Magnentius emperor and Constans was forced to flee to Spain where he was assassinated. This coinage was among his last issues.
BB72686. Bronze AE 3, RIC VIIIThessalonica 120, SRCV 3973, F, weight 2.056 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANSP F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, Constans standing left in galley left, phoenix on globe in right hand, labarum in left, Victory seated steering at stern, TES∆ in exergue; $14.00 (€10.50)