Roman Republic, L. Cornelius Cinna, 169 - 157 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., at the Battle of Pydna (in southern ) Roman forces under Aemilius Paulus decisively defeated Perseus and his Macedonian forces, ending the Third Macedonian War. Perseus was captured spent the rest of his life in captivity at Fucens, near Rome. The was broken up into four smaller states. All the Greek cities which offered aid to , even just in words, were punished. Rome took hundreds of prisoners from the leading families of , including the historian Polybius.
RR72169. Bronze as, 178/1, 368, I Rome 804, 699, aF, 32.645 g, maximum 31.4 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 169 - 157 B.C.; laureate bearded of , I (mark of value) above; galley prow right, CINA above, I (mark of value) right, below; $55.00 (€48.40)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR74144. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., Fair/Poor, 2.895 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards; $55.00 (€48.40)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $50.00 (€44.00)
Panormos, , c. 241 - 70 B.C.
In 254 B.C. was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of . It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under , received a Roman colony.
GI76787. Bronze AE 14, I p. 338, 41; 580; 545; 778; p. 123, 23; 1085 (S), aF, 4.262 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, Panormos (Palermo, ) mint, Roman rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.; of Demeter left, veiled and wreathed in grain, plow(?) behind; war galley prow right, Panormos Greek above; ; $45.00 (€39.60)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people.RB73741. , 656, 1330, 36, 4264, aF, rough, 11.298 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 140 - 144 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS I, right; , standing slightly right, right, two stalks of grain downward in right over at feet on left, in right, ships stern in background on right, flanking across ; $45.00 (€39.60)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
, cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., Fair/Poor, 2.990 g, maximum 18.1 mm, 1801o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards; $45.00 (€39.60)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 90 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Livius proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, but was assassinated, leading to the .
RR71889. Bronze , 339/2, 679a, 2196, 901, F, 4.213 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 270o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow right, S (mark of value) above, below; $40.00 (€35.20)
Persian Empire, , , Ba'Alshillem II, c. 401 - 366 B.C.
, named for the "first-born" of Canaan, the grandson of Noah (Genesis 10:15, 19), is frequently referred to by the prophets (Isaiah 23:2, 4, 12; Jeremiah 25:22; 27:3; 47:4; Ezekiel 27:8; 28:21, 22; 32:30; Joel 3:4). The Sidonians long oppressed Israel (Judges 10:12) but Solomon entered into a matrimonial with them, and thus their form of idolatrous worship found a place in the land of Israel (1 Kings 11:1, 33). Jesus visited the "coasts" of Tyre and (Matthew 15:21; Mark 7:24) where many came to hear him preach (Mark 3:8; Luke 6:17). After leaving , Paul's ship put in at , before finally sailing for Rome (Acts 27:3, 4).GA77819. Silver 1/16 , 851 ff.; Hoover 10 240; 27 (Abd'astart, Straton I); p 146, 36 (same); 197 ff. (same), Fair/Fine, , 0.780 g, maximum 8.7 mm, , mint, c. 371 - 370 B.C.; war galley left, Phoenician letter beth above; of (to left) standing right, slaying erect to right, Phoenician letter ayin (O) between them; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Collection; $28.00 (€24.64)
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.
On 11 May 330, refounded , renamed it after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. Coins were issued with types for Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL77827. , Cyzicus 107 (R4), I 149, 16478, 21, Nice VF, , green with highlighting red earthen deposits, 1.898 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, 5th , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 334 - 335 A.D.; CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted of left, wearing imperial cloak, over left shoulder; standing left, right foot on prow, in right, resting left on grounded , •SMKE in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $27.00 (€23.76)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C., LEG III
This legion was probably Caesar's old III Gallica, which fought for Antony. Another possibility is III , which was perhaps taken over from . The III Augusta was probably an legion.RR74099. Silver , 544/15, 1217, II East 193, 28, 350, aF, banker's marks, 3.027 g, maximum 19.1 mm, 225o, (?) mint, fall 32 - spring 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - III, ( ) between two legionary standards; $.99 (€.87)
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