Roman Republic, Anonymous Luceria, 211 - 206 B.C.
In 321 B.C., the Roman army was deceived into thinking Luceria was under siege by the Samnites. Hurrying to relieve their allies the army walked into an ambush and were defeated at the famous Battle of the Caudine Forks. The Samnites occupied Luceria but were thrown out after a revolt. The city sought Roman protection and in 320 B.C. was granted the status of Togata, which meant it was ruled by the Roman Senate. In order to strengthen the ties between the two cities, 2,500 Romans moved to Luceria. From then on, Luceria was known as a steadfast supporter of Rome.RR75356. Bronze , 97/7c, 304, Italy 173, 1320, F, nice green , 4.316 g, maximum 17.9 mm, 45o, Luceria mint, 211 - 206 B.C.; helmeted of right, pellet (mark of value) behind; , galley prow right, above, L and pellet (mark of value) below; ; $65.00 (€57.85)
, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
In the final years of his reign, developed a reputation for cruelty and misrule. Dominated by favorites and openly preferring his select bodyguard, he lost the support of the legions. In 350, the general declared himself emperor at Augustodunum with the support of the troops on the Rhine frontier and, later, the western provinces of the Empire. was enjoying himself nearby when he was notified of the elevation of . Lacking any support beyond his immediate household, he was forced to flee for his life. As he was trying to reach , supporters of cornered him in a fortification in (now Elne) in the eastern Pyrenees of southwestern Gaul, where he was killed after seeking sanctuary in a temple. A prophecy at his birth had said would die in the arms of his grandmother. His place of death happens to have been named after , mother of Constantine and his own grandmother, thus realizing the prophecy.RL57035. heavy maiorina, 122, II 1649, 18675, 13, 56 var. (3rd ), VF, a little rough, 4.384 g, maximum 22.9 mm, 0o, 1st , (Salonika, ) mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; D N , pearl-diademed, draped and right, A behind; FEL TEMP REPARATIO (happy times ), standing left on galley, on globe in right hand, ( ) in left, seated in stern steering ship, A in left , TSA in ; $60.00 (€53.40)
Roman Republic, L. Cornelius Cinna, 169 - 157 B.C.
On 22 June 168 B.C., at the Battle of Pydna (in southern ) Roman forces under Aemilius Paulus decisively defeated Perseus and his Macedonian forces, ending the Third Macedonian War. Perseus was captured spent the rest of his life in captivity at Fucens, near Rome. The was broken up into four smaller states. All the Greek cities which offered aid to , even just in words, were punished. Rome took hundreds of prisoners from the leading families of , including the historian Polybius.RR72169. Bronze as, 178/1, 368, I Rome 804, 699, aF, 32.645 g, maximum 31.4 mm, 90o, Rome mint, 169 - 157 B.C.; laureate bearded of , I (mark of value) above; galley prow right, CINA above, I (mark of value) right, below; $55.00 (€48.95)
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 332 - 335 A.D.
On some examples from this mint, wears a pearl diadem and helmet.RL77783. , Cyzicus 107 (R5), I 1249, 16478, 21, VF, nice green , earthen deposits, 2.195 g, maximum 19.8 mm, 0o, 6th , Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 332 - 335 A.D.; CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted of left, wearing imperial cloak, over left shoulder; standing left, right foot on prow, in right, resting left on grounded , •SMKS in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $55.00 (€48.95)
Panormos, , c. 241 - 70 B.C.
In 254 B.C. was captured by the Romans. It retained its municipal freedom, and remained one of the principal cities of . It continued to issue bronze coins, bearing the names of various resident magistrates, and following the Roman system. Under , received a Roman colony.GI76787. Bronze AE 14, I p. 338, 41; 580; 545; 778; p. 123, 23; 1085 (S), aF, 4.262 g, maximum 14.2 mm, 225o, Panormos (Palermo, ) mint, Roman rule, c. 241 - 70 B.C.; of Demeter left, veiled and wreathed in grain, plow(?) behind; war galley prow right, Panormos Greek above; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Tripolis, , c. 77 - 76 B.C.
Although this is dated, the date it was struck is uncertain. dates the civic era from 205 B.C., when Tripolis received autonomy from the Seleukid Kingdom.GB74036. Bronze AE 16, p. 203, 15 ff.; 272; 312 (S); 726 (R2), F, 3.616 g, maximum 15.9 mm, 180o, Tripolis mint, c. 77 - 76 B.C.; of right, wearing turreted crown and veil, frond behind shoulder; prow right, (caps of the ) above, LΘK (year 29) downward on left, TPIΠOΛITΩN below; ; $45.00 (€40.05)
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 334 - 335 A.D.
On 11 May 330, refounded , renamed it after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. Coins were issued with types for Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.RL77774. reduced , 241, I 751, 16469, 22, VF, on full , green , light scratches, 1.857 g, maximum 17.7 mm, 180o, 2nd , (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 334 - 335 A.D.; , laureate and helmeted of left, wearing imperial cloak, over left shoulder; standing left, right foot on prow, in right, resting left on grounded , •BSIS• in ; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $45.00 (€40.05)
Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 90 B.C.
In 91 B.C., the tribune Livius proposed extending Roman citizenship to allied Italian cities, but was assassinated, leading to the .RR71889. Bronze , 339/2, 679a, 2196, 901, F, 4.213 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 270o, Rome mint, c. 90 B.C.; laureate of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; prow right, S (mark of value) above, below; $40.00 (€35.60)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.
was the goddess of harvest and her main attribute is grain. This suggests the arrival of grain by sea from the provinces (especially from ) and its distribution to the people.RB73741. , 656, 1330, 36, 4264, aF, rough, 11.298 g, maximum 25.4 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 140 - 144 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG PI-VS P P TR P COS I, right; , standing slightly right, right, two stalks of grain downward in right over at feet on left, in right, ships stern in background on right, flanking across ; $40.00 (€35.60)
Seleukid Kingdom, Seleukos IV Philopater, 187 - 175 B.C.
Antiochus IV seized the Temple in Jerusalem and dedicated it to Zeus. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple in 165 B.C. after Judah Maccabee defeated the Seleukid army. There was only enough oil to fuel the eternal flame for one day. Miraculously, it burned for eight days, enough time to prepare fresh oil.
GY77861. Bronze AE 19, I 1316.3c, 893 var. (center ), 6970, 586, F, centered on a , corrosion, , 6.986 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 187 - 175 B.C.; of Dionysos right, wearing ivy-wreath, over far shoulder, A/B behind; galley prow left, AB above galley left of railing, HAP above prow in center, BAΣIΛEΩΣ above, ΣEΛEYKOY below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; $38.00 (€33.82)
Seleukid Kingdom, Sidetes, 138 - 129 B.C., ,
After his brother Demetrius was captured by the , was made . He married Demetrius' wife Thea. He defeated the usurper Tryphon at Dora and laid siege to Jerusalem in 134. According to Josephus, the John Hyrcanus opened David's sepulcher and removed three thousand talents, which he then paid Antiochus to spare the city. Sidetes then attacked the , supported by a body of Jews under Hyrcanus, and briefly took back , and Media before being ambushed and killed by Phraates II. His brother Demetrius II had by then been released, but the Seleucid realm was now restricted to . was the last Seleucid of any stature.
GY77866. Bronze AE 16, II 2104, 2000, 1172, V 1261, II 624, , 1074 (R1), F, broad , rough, corrosion, 2.479 g, maximum 16.0 mm, 0o, (Saida, Lebanon) mint, 134 - 133 B.C.; diademed of Antiochos VII right, ΘOP ( year 179); galley left, BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ANTIOXOY in two lines above, ΣI∆ΩNΩN over Phoenician script "of the Sidonians" below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $24.00 (€21.36)
Seleukid Kingdom, Demetrius II Nikator, 146 - 136 and 129 - 125 B.C.
Paul spent a week with the disciples in Tyre on his return from his third missionary journey (Acts 21:4).
GY77865. Bronze AE 20, II 1968(2), 100, 1000 (R1-2), 171 (S), F, potentially active corrosion, 5.105 g, maximum 19.5 mm, Tyre mint, 145 - 144 B.C.; diademed of Demetrios II right; stern of galley left,BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ∆HMHTPIOY in two lines over L HΞP ( year 168 ) above, TYPIΩN over Phoenician script "of Tyre" below; from the Butte College Foundation, ex ; ; $16.00 (€14.24)
, Triumvir and , 44 - 30 B.C.
RR74144. Silver , cf. 544/14, 1216, II East 190, 27 ff., Fair/Poor, 2.895 g, maximum 16.2 mm, 180o, (?) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; ANT•AVG / III VIR•R•P•C, galley right with rowers, mast with banners at prow; LEG - [...], ( ) between two legionary standards; $12.15 (€10.81)
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