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Tanit was a Phoenician lunar goddess, worshiped as the patron goddess at Carthage.
Carthago Nova, Punic Iberia, c. 237 - 209 B.C.
After Carthage's defeat in the First Punic War, Hamilcar set out to improve his family's and Carthage's fortunes by subjugation of the Iberian Peninsula. According to Livy, Hannibal later said that he begged his father to take him to Iberia, his father agreed but demanded that he first swear that as long as he lived he would never be a friend of Rome. When Hamilcar drowned in battle, Hannibal's brother-in-law Hasdrubal succeeded to his command of the army with Hannibal an officer under him. When Hasdrubal was assassinated in 221 B.C., Hannibal was proclaimed commander-in-chief by the army and confirmed by the Carthaginian government. In 218, Hannibal began the Second Punic War against Rome. Year after year, Hannibal won battle after battle, including completely destroying two Roman armies in 212 B.C. However, by 209 B.C. it was becoming increasingly clear that Fabius' strategy was working for Rome and winning battles would not win the war for Carthage.GB84875. Bronze 1/5 Unit, Villaronga-Benages 582 (R1), Burgos 521, Villaronga MHC 114, SNG BM Spain 67, F, dark patina, rough, scratches, corrosion, broad irregular flan, weight 2.213 g, maximum diameter 14.8 mm, die axis 0o, Carthago Nova mint, c. 237 - 209 B.C.; obverse wreathed head of Tanit left; reverse crested Corinthian helmet left with earflaps; rare; $65.00 (Ä55.25)
Carthage, Zeugitana, NorthAfrica, c. 310 - 290 B.C.
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of Syracuse, invaded the Carthaginian holdings on Sicily and laid siege to Akragas. Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of Sicily and laid siege to Syracuse itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to Africa, hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against Carthage itself. Carthage was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from Sicily. Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to Sicily and negotiated a peace which maintained Syracuse as a stronghold of Greek power in Sicily.
Jenkins and Lewis report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.SH57451. Electrumstater, Jenkins and Lewis group V, 266 (same dies), Alexandropoulos 12, SNG Cop 136, gVF, marks, weight 7.532 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 0o, Carthage or Sicilian mint, obversehead of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; reverse horse standing right on exergual line, nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD
Carthage, Zeugitana, NorthAfrica, First Punic War, c. 264 - 241 B.C.
SNG Cop 261 - 268 are similar bronzes dated c. 241 - 221 B.C. with the same types, but also with additional control symbols on the reverse, smaller lighter flans and a far less elegant style. This coin, unpublished in the standard references and the only example known to Forum, is very similar to Jenkinstype X electrum trihemshekels, dated c. 264 - 261 B.C.GB66872. Bronze AE 21, Unpublished(?), cf. Jenkins group Xa (electrum, trihemishekel), SNG Cop 261 ff. (similar AE, inferior style, c. 241 - 221 B.C.), EF/VF, light corrosion on the reverse, weight 7.117 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 225o, Carthage mint, probably c. 241 B.C.; obversehead of Tanit left, wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants; reverse unbridled horse standing right on exergual line, sun disk with uraei above; extremely rare; SOLD