, Punic Iberia, c. 237 - 209 B.C.
After Carthage's defeat in the First Punic War, Hamilcar set out to improve his family's and Carthage's fortunes by subjugation of the Iberian Peninsula. According to Livy, Hannibal later said that he begged his father to take him to Iberia, his father agreed but demanded that he first swear that as long as he lived he would never be a friend of . When Hamilcar drowned in battle, Hannibal's brother-in-law Hasdrubal succeeded to his command of the army with Hannibal an officer under him. When Hasdrubal was assassinated in 221 B.C., Hannibal was proclaimed commander-in-chief by the army and confirmed by the Carthaginian government. In 218, Hannibal began the Second Punic War against . Year after year, Hannibal won battle after battle, including completely destroying two Roman armies in 212 B.C. However, by 209 B.C. it was becoming increasingly clear that Fabius' strategy was working for and winning battles would not win the war for .GB84875. Bronze 1/5 Unit, 582 (R1), 521, 114, 67, F, dark , rough, scratches, corrosion, broad , 2.213 g, maximum 14.8 mm, 0o, mint, c. 237 - 209 B.C.; wreathed of Tanit left; crested Corinthian helmet left with earflaps; ; $65.00 (Ä57.85)
, , , c. 310 - 290 B.C.
In 311 B.C., Agathocles, the tyrant of , invaded the Carthaginian holdings on and laid siege to . Hamilcar led the Carthaginian response, and by 310 controlled almost all of and laid siege to itself. In desperation, Agathocles secretly led an expedition of 14,000 men to , hoping to save his rule by leading a counterstrike against itself. was forced to recall Hamilcar and most of his army from . Agathocles was eventually defeated in 307 B.C., but he escaped back to and negotiated a peace which maintained as a stronghold of Greek power in .
report that Group V is 55% - 60% gold.SH57451.
, group V, 266 (same dies), 12, 136, gVF, marks, 7.532 g, maximum 19.4 mm, 0o, or Sicilian mint, of Tanit left, wreathed in grain, wearing necklace and triple-drop earring, pellet before neck; horse standing right on , nearer legs back, two pellets below; nicely centered and struck, marks in the fields; SOLD
, , , First Punic War, c. 264 - 241 B.C.
261 - 268 are similar bronzes dated c. 241 - 221 B.C. with the same types, but also with additional control on the , smaller lighter flans and a far less elegant . This coin, unpublished in the references and the only example known to , is very similar to X trihemshekels, dated c. 264 - 261 B.C.GB66872. Bronze AE 21, Unpublished(?), cf.
group Xa ( , trihemishekel), 261 ff. (similar AE, inferior , c. 241 - 221 B.C.), EF/VF, light corrosion on the , 7.117 g, maximum 20.9 mm, 225o, mint, probably c. 241 B.C.; of Tanit left, wearing barley , triple-pendant earing, and necklace with many pendants; unbridled horse standing right on , sun disk with uraei above; extremely ; SOLD
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