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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ViminaciumView Options:  |  |  | 

Viminacium, Moesia Superior (near Stari Kostolac, Serbia)

Viminacium, a Roman Colony founded by Gordian III in 239 A.D. and the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, was located about 20 km to the east of modern Kostolac, Serbia. Coins are known of the emperors from Gordianus Pius with dates AN I, Anno Primo, (year 1, autumn 239 - autumn 240 A.D.) to Valerian and Gallienus AN XVI, Anno Sexto Decimo, (year 16, autumn 254 - autumn 255 A.D.). The usual reverse legend on the colonial coinage is P. M. S. COL. VIM., abbreviating Provinciae Moesiae Superioris Colonia Viminacium. The usual reverse type is a female personification of Moesia standing between a lion and a bull, and sometimes holding standards inscribed VII and IIII. The bull and the lion were symbols of the Legions VII Claudia and IV Flavia Felix, which were quartered in the province. The rebel Pacatian opened his mint at Viminacium in 248. Valerian also opened an imperial mint at Viminacium. The city was destroyed in 440 by the Huns, rebuilt by Justinian I, and destroyed again by the Avars in 584.

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RS64741. Silver antoninianus, Gbl MIR 815d, RIC V 245 (Milan), RSC IV 147 (Milan), cf. SRCV III 9954 (...P F AVG, Rome), Hunter IV -, aVF, excellent portrait, small flan split, weight 4.332 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 180o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 2nd emission, 254 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse PAX AVGG (the peace of the two emperors), Pax standing half left, raising olive branch in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand; $34.00 (28.90)

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RS64738. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1566a (Antioch), RSC IV 241 (Viminacium), Hunter IV 66 (eastern), RIC V 225 (S, Rome), SRCV III -, F, porous spots of corrosion, weight 3.544 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 0o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE AVGG (victory of the two emperors), Virtus standing half right, wearing military garb, spear in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield at side; scarce; $30.00 (25.50)

Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RS56869. Silver antoninianus, RIC V 241, RSC IV 71, VF, flat centers, weight 3.594 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 30o, Viminacium (Stari Kostolac, Serbia) mint, 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP VALERIANVS P AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing half-left holding standard and Aquila; good silver, handsome portrait, well centered, nice toning; SOLD


Catalog current as of Friday, December 15, 2017.
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