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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ EmesaView Options:  |  |  | 

Emesa, Syria

Emesa, an important city of Syria rose even further under Septimius Severus since his wife Julia Doman originated from this city. The bulk of the coinage consists in denarii struck for the above couple (193 - 211), plus the very rare issues of the usurper Uranius Antoninus (253 - 254). The extremely rare coinage of queen Zenobia (272) might have been struck at Emesa as well.


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was the birthplace of the Roman emperor Elagabalus and four Roman empresses, Julia Domna, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea, and Julia Soaemias.
RS87636. Silver denarius, RIC IV 373; RSC III 142b; BMCRE V, p. 91, W347; Hunter III 177; SRCV II 6274 var. (TEMPO), Nice gVF, attractive Emesa style, light toning, tiny edge crack, weight 2.867 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse FELICIT TEMPOR (happy times), stalk of grain between crossed cornucopia overflowing with grain, fruits and bunches of grapes; scarce; $180.00 (153.00) ON RESERVE


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Emesa frequently copied old coin reverse types. Sometimes they even copied old inscriptions listing honors that applied, not to the current emperor, but to the long dead emperor who issued the copied type. The normal Severan crescent and seven stars reverse has the legend SAECVL FELICIT (era of happy good fortune). Only a few Severan examples are known with this AETERNITAS AVS legend, copied from Pescennius Niger. We know of one example for Julia Domna, two for Severus with a COS obverse legend, and this coin with a COS II obverse. This coin is unpublished and, to the best of our knowledge, unique
SH59264. Silver denarius, Unpublished and likely unique; RIC IV -, RSC III -, BMCRE V -, Mazzini -; Hunter -, aVF/VF, light toning, weight 2.648 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse AETERNITAS AVS , crescent and seven stars; extremely rare; SOLD


Macrianus, Summer 260 - Early Summer 261 A.D.

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David Sear attributes this rare variant with crude style and two dots in the exergue to Emesa. Gbl attributes it to Samosata.
SH66262. Billon antoninianus, Gbl MIR 1741c, SRCV III 10810 (refs Hunter p. lxxv); RIC V-2 12 (R2) var. (no pellets in ex, sometimes a star, Antioch), RSC IV 12 - 12a var. (same), aEF, weight 3.321 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa(?) or Samosata(?) mint, obverse IMP C FVL MACRIANVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing half left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, two dots in exergue; rare; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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The epithet Bonus, "the Good," is used with other abstract deities such as Bona Fortuna ("Good Fortune"), Bona Mens ("Good Thinking" or "Sound Mind"), and Bona Spes ("Valid Hope," perhaps to be translated as "Optimism"), as well as with the mysterious and multivalent Bona Dea, a goddess whose rites were celebrated by women.
RS68070. Silver denarius, RIC IV 369, RSC III 68, BMCRE V 343, SRCV II 6267, aEF, well centered, weight 3.081 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE L SEP SEV PERT AVG COS II, laureate head right; reverse BONI EVENTVS, Bonus Eventus standing left, basket of fruit in right, two heads of grain in left; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, December 18, 2018.
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Emesa