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Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capitol of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. Mintmarks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.
Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.
On 28 September 351, at Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history.RL72446. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Trier 264, LRBC II 50, SRCV V 18791, Cohen VIII 5, VF, well centered, corrosion, encrustations, flan cracks, weight 5.112 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 353; obverse IM CAE MAGNENTIVS AVG, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseFELICITAS REIPVBLICE, Magnentius standing slightly left, head left, Victory on globe in right hand, labarum (chi rhoChristogramstandard) in left, A right, TRP in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
In 332, Constantine I and his son Constantine II, aged 16, defeated the Goths in Moesia. The Goths became Roman allies and protected the Danube frontier.RL72861. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 527, LRBC I 56, SRCV V 17313, Choice EF, nice portrait, some silvering, very top of some legend letters, weight 2.759 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseGLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRPē in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
Galerius was born in Serdica, though some modern scholars consider the strategic site where he later built his palace named after his mother - Felix Romuliana (Gamzigrad) - his birth and funeral place. His father was a Thracian and his mother Romula was a Dacian woman, who left Dacia because of the Carpians' attacks. He originally followed his father's occupation, that of a herdsman, where he got his surname of Armentarius (Latin: armentum, herd).RT72415. Billonfollis, RIC VITreveri 594b, SRCV IV 14349, Cohen VI 83, VF, nice portrait, well centered and struck, green patina, traces of silvering, area of corrosion obscuring mintmark, weight 10.440 g, maximum diameter 28.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, c. 303 - 1 May 305 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIANVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassedbust right, from the front; reverse GENIO POP-VLI ROMANI, Genius standing slightly left, turretedhead left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libation from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - F across field below center, PTR in exergue; $60.00 SALE PRICE $54.00
Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
On 1 March 317, Constantine and Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still a baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.RL43300. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Trier 143, SRCV V 17134, Cohen VII 143, EF, hair struck a bit soft, weight 3.495 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 317 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reversePRINCIPI IVVENTVTIS, Constantine II standing right holding transverse spear in right and globe in left hand, F left, T right, BTR in exergue; $45.00 SALE PRICE $40.50
Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
Open civil war between Constantine and Licinius broke in 316 when Constantine invaded Licinius' Balkan provinces. Licinius fled to Adrianople where he collected a second army, under the command of ValeriusValens whom he raised to the rank of Augustus. Constantine defeated Licinius at the Battle of Campus Ardiensis, but the victory was indecisive. A treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. The peace lasted for about seven years.RL51649. Billonfollis, RIC VII Trier 121, SRCV IV 15194, Cohen VII 49, EF, weight 3.829 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseGENIO POP ROM, Genio standing left, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, T left, F right, BTR in exergue; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
Gallic Empire, Victorinus, Summer to November 268 - Mid 271 A.D.
Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the sun god of the later Roman Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274 the Roman emperor Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them. The date 25 December was selected for Christmas to replace the popular Roman festival Dies Natalis Solis Invicti, the "Birthday of the Unconquered Sun."RA79891. Billonantoninianus, RIC V 114, Schulzki AGK 9b, Cohen VI 49, Elmer 683, Mairat 257, Cunetio 2534, SRCV III 11170, Braithwell Report 155 (43 examples in the hoard), F, centered, earthen deposits, weight 2.436 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 3rd emission, c. 270 A.D.; obverse IMP C VICTORINVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverse INVICTVS (Invincible), Sol advancing left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, whip in left, star left; $40.00 SALE PRICE $36.00
Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, Spring 274 A.D.
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.RA77490. Billonantoninianus, RIC V 270, Cohen VI 88, SRCV III 11292, VF, green patina, tight ragged flan, weight 2.122 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverseSPESAVGG, Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40
City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.RL77776. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, VF, well centered on a full flan, green patina, scratches, weight 2.233 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverseCONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverseVictory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right, resting left on grounded shield, TRSē in exergue; $36.00 SALE PRICE $32.40
Gallic Empire, Tetricus I, mid 271 - Spring 274 A.D.
Laetitia was a minor Roman goddess of gaiety, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy.RB73836. Bronze antoninianus, RIC V 90, SRCV III 11240, Cohen VI 75, Hunter IV -, F, flan crack, corrosion, weight 2.928 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse IMP TETRICVS P F AVG, radiate, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseLAETITIA AVG N, Laetitia standing left, wreath in right hand, anchor in left hand; ex Scott and Lisa Loos World Coins; $3.49 (Ä3.11)