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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ TreveriView Options:  |  |  |     

Treveri, Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany)

Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capitol of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. Mintmarks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.


Theodora, Augusta, 2nd Wife of Constantius I, Grandmother of Caesars and Emperors

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RL79458. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17501, Cohen VII 4, VF, attractive portrait, dark green patina, reverse struck with a worn die, areas of light corrosion, weight 1.693 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, •TRP[...] in exergue; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 20 May 325, Constantine I summoned an ecumenical council of bishops in Nicaea (the First Council of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed declares that the members of the Trinity (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) are equal. The council also decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the 21st of March.
RL84296. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 452, LRBC I 16, Cohen VII 125, SRCV IV 16792, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, slightly clashed reverse die, weight 3.590 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, PTR in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 20 May 325, Constantine I summoned an ecumenical council of bishops in Nicaea (the First Council of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed declares that the members of the Trinity (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) are equal. The council also decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the 21st of March.
RL84297. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 452, LRBC I 16, Cohen VII 125, SRCV IV 16792, gVF, some silvering, weight 3.387 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, PTR in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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RL84353. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 454 (S), LRBC I 18, SRCV V 17215, Cohen VII 164, Hunter V -, Choice EF, sharp portrait, excellent strike, traces of silvering, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, STR in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RS84417. Silver siliqua, SRCV V 19675, cf. RIC IX Trier 27b, 27e, and 45a-b, RSC V 109a-c, Hunter V 7, VF, toned, scratches, clipped, weight 1.251 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 368 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on throne, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left, TRPS[•?] in exergue; scarce; $80.00 (€68.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79205. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 60, RIC VII Trier 537, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, nearly as struck, mint luster, weight 2.135 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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RIC only lists this reverse with a laurel and rosette diademed bust.
RL79335. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 79, SRCV IV 16336, Cohen VII 254, RIC VII Trier 555 (R4) var. (laurel and rosette diadem), Choice EF, nice portrait, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; very rare; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This coin refers Constantine's victory in the Sarmatian war in 322 A.D. According to Zosimus (lib. 2), Constantine routed the Sarmatae and drove them back beyond the Danube where they rallied to renew the fight. He defeated them and again put them to flight, taking a great number of prisoners. Their king, Rausimodus, was left among the slain.
RL84285. Billon centenionalis, Hunter V 65 (also 2nd officina), RIC VII Trier 435, Cohen VII 487, SRCV IV 16284, aEF, well centered and struck, light porosity, edge split and edge crack, weight 2.792 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse SARMATIA DEVICTA (Samartia vanquished), Victory advancing right, treading on captive with left foot, trophy in right hand, palm frond in left hand, STR crescent in exergue; $75.00 (€63.75)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 334 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79186. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV IV 16444 ff., Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, superb obverse, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 2.715 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, [...]TRP[...] in exergue; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL79207. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 60, RIC VII Trier 537, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, glossy dark green patina, reverse slightly off-center, weight 2.547 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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In 337 A.D., Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I and rule as co-emperors. A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, including the caesar Delmatius, as well as officials of the Roman Empire, were executed. The three Augusti denied responsibility for the purge.
RL79352. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 593 (R3), LRBC I 95, SRCV V 18360, Cohen VII 52, VF, near black patina, obverse slightly off center off center cutting off beginning of obverse legend, edge cracks, some porosity, weight 1.433 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 335 - 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLOR-IA EXER-CITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, •TRP• in exergue; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and famed for her piety. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the "Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles." Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18. Her feast day in the Coptic Orthodox Church is on 9 Pashons. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces (though not her discovery of the True Cross). She is the patron saint of new discoveries.
RL79448. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, sharp detail, glossy dark green patina, spots of porosity, both sides slightly off-center, tiny edge crack, weight 1.637 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, [...]TR[...] in exergue; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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VOT X abbreviates Votis Decennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL84288. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 440, SRCV IV 16760, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, EF, sharp portrait, well struck, some luster, traces of silvering, weight 4.083 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, STR crescent in exergue; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In early in December 316, to ensure his loyalty, Licinius elevated Aurelius Valerius Valens, the dux limitis (duke of the frontier) in Dacia, to the rank of Augustus. According to Petrus Patricius, when Constantine learned of this, "The emperor made clear the extent of his rage by his facial expression and by the contortion of his body. Almost unable to speak, he said, 'We have not come to this present state of affairs, nor have we fought and triumphed from the ocean till where we have now arrived, just so that we should refuse to have our own brother-in-law as joint ruler because of his abominable behavior, and so that we should deny his close kinship, but accept that vile slave [Valens] with him into imperial college.'" The treaty between Constantine and Licinius was concluded at Serdica on 1 March, 317. Whether it was part of that agreement is unknown, but Licinius had Valens executed.
RL73468. Billon follis, RIC VII Trier 102, SRCV IV 16063, Cohen VII 525, Choice EF, sharp detail, well centered, attractive bust, mintmark weak, weight 3.636 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 316 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, T - F flanking at sides, BTR in exergue; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL79166. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 526 (S), LRBC I 54, SRCV IV 16334, Cohen VII 254, EF, mint luster, die wear, weight 2.540 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79193. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, nearly as struck, mint luster, small edge cracks, weight 2.216 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79194. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, well centered, some luster, minor flan flaw on reverse, weight 2.712 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79195. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), EF, much luster, uneven strike, areas of light porosity, weight 2.755 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79197. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 1 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, sharp detail, tight flan, weight 2.557 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRP• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

Click for a larger photo
On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79199. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, well centered, slightly ragged flan, flan crack, areas of porosity, weight 2.633 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRS• in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 




    



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REFERENCES

Cahn, H.A. "Die Trierer Antoniniane der Tetrarchie" in SNR XXXVII (1955).
Schulte, P.N. Die Römische Münzstätte Trier von der Wiederaufnahme ihrer Tätigkeit unter Diocletian bis zum Ende der Folles-Prägung. (Frankfurt, 1974).
von Schrötter, F. Die Münzen von Trier. 2. Teil. (Bonn 1908).
Weiller, R. Die Münzen von trier, 1. Teil. (Düsseldorf, 1988).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die römische Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 1988).

Catalog current as of Monday, December 18, 2017.
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Treveri