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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ TreveriView Options:  |  |  |     

Treveri, Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany)

Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capitol of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. Mintmarks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 20 May 325, Constantine I summoned an ecumenical council of bishops in Nicaea (the First Council of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed declares that the members of the Trinity (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) are equal. The council also decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the 21st of March.
RL84296. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 452, LRBC I 16, Cohen VII 125, SRCV IV 16792, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, slightly clashed reverse die, weight 3.590 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, PTR in exergue; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 20 May 325, Constantine I summoned an ecumenical council of bishops in Nicaea (the First Council of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed declares that the members of the Trinity (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) are equal. The council also decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the 21st of March.
RL84297. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 452, LRBC I 16, Cohen VII 125, SRCV IV 16792, gVF, some silvering, weight 3.387 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, PTR in exergue; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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RL84353. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 454 (S), LRBC I 18, SRCV V 17215, Cohen VII 164, Hunter V -, Choice EF, sharp portrait, excellent strike, traces of silvering, weight 3.051 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, star above, STR in exergue; scarce; $90.00 SALE PRICE $81.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79205. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 60, RIC VII Trier 537, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, nearly as struck, mint luster, weight 2.135 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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RIC only lists this reverse with a laurel and rosette diademed bust.
RL79335. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 79, SRCV IV 16336, Cohen VII 254, RIC VII Trier 555 (R4) var. (laurel and rosette diadem), Choice EF, nice portrait, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; very rare; $85.00 SALE PRICE $76.50
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79185. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 1 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, broad flan, weight 2.277 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRP• in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 334 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79186. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV IV 16444 ff., Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, superb obverse, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 2.715 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, [...]TRP[...] in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


City of Rome Commemorative, 332 - 333 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. Coins were issued with types for Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79229. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 542, LRBC I 65, SRCV IV 16488, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, full circles strike on a broad flan, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.689 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, TR•S in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This mintmark variation is not listed for Constantine the Great in RIC VII.
RL79439. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 87, SRCV IV 16361, Cohen VII 250, RIC VII Trier 590 var. (•TRP•), Hunter V -, EF, sharp detail, tight flan, areas of porosity, weight 1.148 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 335 - 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; very rare; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and famed for her piety. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the "Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles." Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18. Her feast day in the Coptic Orthodox Church is on 9 Pashons. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces (though not her discovery of the True Cross). She is the patron saint of new discoveries.
RL79448. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, sharp detail, glossy dark green patina, spots of porosity, both sides slightly off-center, tiny edge crack, weight 1.637 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, [...]TR[...] in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL79452. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, nice sharp portrait, attractive glossy green patina, tight flan, edge cracks, areas of slight porosity, weight 1.271 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, [...]TR[...] in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Theodora, Augusta, 2nd Wife of Constantius I, Grandmother of Caesars and Emperors

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RL79458. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17501, Cohen VII 4, VF, attractive portrait, dark green patina, reverse struck with a worn die, areas of light corrosion, weight 1.693 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, •TRP[...] in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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VOT X abbreviates Votis Decennalibus, which means Crispus has completed vows (prayers and sacrifices) for ten years of rule. In a religious context, votum, plural vota, is a vow or promise made to a deity. The word comes from the past participle of voveo, vovere; as the result of the verbal action, a vow, or promise. It may refer also to the fulfillment of this vow, that is, the thing promised. The votum is thus an aspect of the contractual nature of Roman religion and sacrifice, a bargaining expressed by "do ut des" (I give that you might give).
RL84288. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 440, SRCV IV 16760, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, EF, sharp portrait, well struck, some luster, traces of silvering, weight 4.083 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, STR crescent in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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Crispus established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), the capital of Germania.
RL84289. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 440, SRCV IV 16760, Cohen VII 44, Choice EF, excellent sharp portrait, well centered, areas of slight porosity, flan crack, weight 3.423 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right, bare right shoulder seen from behind; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, PTR crescent in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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There are a number of slight variations in the head or bust of this type. This example has a long-necked tetrarchical style head. Most have a head right more typical of the Constantinian era. Other less typical busts include examples with the top of the bare chest showing seen from the front, and others with the bare right shoulder seen from behind.
RL84290. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 440, SRCV IV 16760, Cohen VII 44, EF, excellent portrait, silvering, tight flan, part of reverse legend weakly struck, weight 2.817 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 225o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 323 - 324 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, STR crescent in exergue; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

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In England, where many siliquae are found clipped, silver Roman coins apparently continued to circulate long after the Empire abandoned the island. Clipping may not have been primarily intended to deviously obtain a little silver. Clipping may have actually been performed primarily to make the weight and value equivalent to contemporary coins in the medieval period.
RS84417. Silver siliqua, SRCV V 19675, cf. RIC IX Trier 27b, 27e, and 45a-b, RSC V 109a-c, Hunter V 7, VF, toned, scratches, clipped, weight 1.251 g, maximum diameter 13.2 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 368 - 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VRBS ROMA (City of Rome), Roma seated left on throne, Victory on globe in right hand, scepter in left, TRPS[•?] in exergue; scarce; $80.00 SALE PRICE $72.00
 


Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, Spring 274 A.D.

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA85617. Billon antoninianus, RIC V 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, aVF, interesting multi-color patina, edge cracks, weight 3.243 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL79166. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 526 (S), LRBC I 54, SRCV IV 16334, Cohen VII 254, EF, mint luster, die wear, weight 2.540 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP• in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79200. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 538 (R4), LRBC I 61, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, nice portrait, well centered and struck, weight 2.124 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79201. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 60, RIC VII Trier 537, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, well centered and struck, nice portrait, tiny edge crack, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•S in exergue; $70.00 SALE PRICE $63.00
 




    



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REFERENCES

Cahn, H.A. "Die Trierer Antoniniane der Tetrarchie" in SNR XXXVII (1955).
Schulte, P.N. Die Römische Münzstätte Trier von der Wiederaufnahme ihrer Tätigkeit unter Diocletian bis zum Ende der Folles-Prägung. (Frankfurt, 1974).
von Schrötter, F. Die Münzen von Trier. 2. Teil. (Bonn 1908).
Weiller, R. Die Münzen von trier, 1. Teil. (Düsseldorf, 1988).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die römische Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 1988).

Catalog current as of Tuesday, October 17, 2017.
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Treveri