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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ TreveriView Options:  |  |  |     

Treveri, Gallia Belgica (Trier, Germany)

Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capitol of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. Mintmarks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL79320. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 552 (R3), LRBC I 75, SRCV V 1834, Cohen VII 77, EF, excellent portrait, centered on a tight flan cutting off tops of letters on part of the reverse legend, some mint luster, edge crack, weight 2.277 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards and wreath in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; rare; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL79321. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 552 (R4), LRBC I 75, SRCV V 1834, Cohen VII 77, EF, dark near black surfaces with some mint luster, areas of light porosity, reverse slightly off center on a tight flan, some die wear, weight 2.656 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards and wreath in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRS in exergue; very rare; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.

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In 337 A.D., Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeed their father Constantine I and rule as co-emperors. A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, including the caesar Delmatius, as well as officials of the Roman Empire, were executed. The three Augusti denied responsibility for the purge.
RL79351. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 593 (R3), LRBC I 95, SRCV V 18360, Cohen VII 52, EF, nearly as struck, excellent portrait, well centered on a tight flan cutting off bottom of mintmark, clashed reverse die, tiny edge crack, weight 1.834 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 335 - 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse GLOR-IA EXER-CITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, •TRS• in exergue; rare; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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On 14 September 326 A.D., Helena, mother of Constantine I, discovered the so-called True Cross and the Holy Sepulcher (Jesus's tomb) in Jerusalem. On her pilgrimage, she paused on the Aegean island of Patros where she is said to found the church of Panagia Ekatontapiliani.
RL79454. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V p. 281, 2 (also 1st officina); RIC VIII Trier 63; LRBC I 112; SRCV V 17493; Cohen VII 4, Choice EF, mint luster, nice portrait, slightly tight flan, areas of slightest porosity, weight 1.442 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, •TRP• in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Theodora, Augusta, 2nd Wife of Constantius I, Grandmother of Caesars and Emperors

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Theodora is often referred to as a stepdaughter of Emperor Maximian by ancient sources, leading to claims by historians Otto Seeck and Ernest Stein that she was born from an earlier marriage between Eutropia, wife of Maximian, and Afranius Hannibalianus. This man was consul in 292 and praetorian prefect under Diocletian. Timothy Barnes challenges this view stating that all "stepdaughter sources" derive their information from the partially unreliable work Kaisergeschichte (written in the 4th century), while more reliable sources refer Theodora as Maximian's natural daughter. He concludes that she was born no later than c. 275 to an unnamed earlier wife of Maximian, possibly one of Hannibalianus' daughters.
RL84220. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Trier 91, LRBC I 129, Hunter V 3, Voetter 4, SRCV V 17502, Cohen VII 4, VF, well centered, green patina, nice portrait, reverse struck with a worn die, edge cracks, weight 1.731 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, wearing diadem, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, TRP and branch in exergue; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79205. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 60, RIC VII Trier 537, SRCV IV 16335, Cohen VII 254, Choice EF, nearly as struck, mint luster, weight 2.135 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TR•P in exergue; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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RIC only lists this reverse with a laurel and rosette diademed bust.
RL79335. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 79, SRCV IV 16336, Cohen VII 254, RIC VII Trier 555 (R4) var. (laurel and rosette diadem), Choice EF, nice portrait, weight 2.582 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; very rare; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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In 318, Emperor Constantine the Great renamed Drepana in Asia Minor, Helenopolis, after his mother Helena.
RL79456. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Trier 63; LRBC I 112; SRCV V 17493; Voetter 7; Cohen VII 4; Hunter V p. 218, 2 var. (1st officina), EF, mint luster, tight flan, areas of slight porosity, weight 1.604 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 165o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL IVL HE-LENA AVG, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, •TRS• in exergue; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 331 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79185. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 1 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Trier 530, LRBC I 59, SRCV IV 16444, Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, broad flan, weight 2.277 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, TRP• in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 330 - 334 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79186. Billon reduced centenionalis, cf. SRCV IV 16444 ff., Cohen VII 22, Choice EF, superb obverse, reverse struck with a worn die, weight 2.715 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 330 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLIS, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse Victory standing left, right foot on prow, scepter in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, [...]TRP[...] in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


City of Rome Commemorative, 332 - 333 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. Coins were issued with types for Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79229. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 542, LRBC I 65, SRCV IV 16488, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, full circles strike on a broad flan, porosity, small edge split, weight 2.689 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, TR•S in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


City of Rome Commemorative, 332 - 333 A.D.

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On 11 May 330, Constantine I refounded Byzantium, renamed it Constantinopolis after himself, and moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to his new city. The new capital was Christian, old gods and traditions were either replaced or assimilated into a framework of Christian symbolism. Constantine built the new Church of the Holy Apostles on the site of a temple to Aphrodite. Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot. The capital would often be compared to the 'old' Rome as Nova Roma Constantinopolitana, the "New Rome of Constantinople." Special commemorative coins were issued with types for both Rome and Constantinople to advertise the importance of the new capital.
RL79233. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 542, LRBC I 65, SRCV IV 16488, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 1 var. (1st officina), Choice EF, perfect centering, reverse strike slightly weak, light porosity, weight 2.704 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse she-wolf standing left, head turned back right, suckling the infant twins Romulus and Remus, two stars above, TR•S in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This mintmark variation is not listed for Constantine the Great in RIC VII.
RL79439. Billon reduced centenionalis, LRBC I 87, SRCV IV 16361, Cohen VII 250, RIC VII Trier 590 var. (•TRP•), Hunter V -, EF, sharp detail, tight flan, areas of porosity, weight 1.148 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 335 - 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, pearl and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking a standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRP in exergue; very rare; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Jerusalem was still being rebuilt following the destruction caused by Emperor Hadrian. He had built a temple over the site of Jesus's tomb near Calvary, and renamed the city Aelia Capitolina. Accounts differ concerning whether the Temple was dedicated to Venus or Jupiter According to tradition, Helena ordered the temple torn down and, according to the legend that arose at the end of the 4th century, chose a site to begin excavating, which led to the recovery of three different crosses. The legend is recounted in Ambrose, On the Death of Theodosius (died 395) and at length in Rufinus' chapters appended to his translation into Latin of Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History, the main body of which does not mention the event. Then, Rufinus relates, the empress refused to be swayed by anything short of solid proof and performed a test. Possibly through Bishop Macarius of Jerusalem, she had a woman who was near death brought from the city. When the woman touched the first and second crosses, her condition did not change, but when she touched the third and final cross she suddenly recovered, and Helena declared the cross with which the woman had been touched to be the True Cross. On the site of discovery, Constantine ordered the building of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre; churches were also built on other sites detected by Helena. Sozomen and Theodoret claim that Helena also found the nails of the crucifixion. To use their miraculous power to aid her son, Helena allegedly had one placed in Constantine's helmet, and another in the bridle of his horse.
RL79446. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, mint luster, light marks, tight flan, weight 1.409 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL IVL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, cross lower left, TRP or similar (off flan) in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches and famed for her piety. Her feast day as a saint of the Orthodox Christian Church is celebrated with her son on May 21, the "Feast of the Holy Great Sovereigns Constantine and Helen, Equal to the Apostles." Her feast day in the Roman Catholic Church falls on August 18. Her feast day in the Coptic Orthodox Church is on 9 Pashons. Eusebius records the details of her pilgrimage to Palestine and other eastern provinces (though not her discovery of the True Cross). She is the patron saint of new discoveries.
RL79448. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, sharp detail, glossy dark green patina, spots of porosity, both sides slightly off-center, tiny edge crack, weight 1.637 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 0o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, [...]TR[...] in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena gave birth to the future emperor Constantine I on 27 February of an uncertain year soon after 270 (probably around 272). At the time, she was in Naissus (Nis, Serbia). In order to obtain a wife more consonant with his rising status, Constantius divorced Helena some time before 289, when he married Theodora, Maximian's daughter under his command. (The narrative sources date the marriage to 293, but the Latin panegyric of 289 refers to the couple as already married). Helena and her son were dispatched to the court of Diocletian at Nicomedia, where Constantine grew to be a member of the inner circle. Helena never remarried and lived for a time in obscurity, though close to her only son, who had a deep regard and affection for her.
RL79451. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V p. 281, 2 (also 1st officina); RIC VIII Trier 63; LRBC I 112; SRCV V 17493; Cohen VII 4, Choice EF, well centered on a slightly tight flan, sharp detail, some luster, slightly rough in areas (die rust?), weight 1.647 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, •TRP• in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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In the 12th century, Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that Constantine's mother Helena was a Briton, the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. Geoffrey of Monmouth expanded this story in his highly fictionalized Historia Regum Britanniae, an account of the supposed Kings of Britain from their Trojan origins to the Anglo-Saxon invasion. According to Geoffrey, Cole was King of the Britons when Constantius, here a senator, came to Britain. Afraid of the Romans, Cole submitted to Roman law so long as he retained his kingship. However, he died only a month later, and Constantius took the throne himself, marrying Cole's daughter Helena. They had their son Constantine, who succeeded his father as King of Britain before becoming Roman Emperor. Historically, this series of events is extremely improbable. Constantius had already left Helena by the time he left for Britain. Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess.
RL79452. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17500 ff. (various mintmarks), EF, nice sharp portrait, attractive glossy green patina, tight flan, edge cracks, areas of slight porosity, weight 1.271 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 180o, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, [...]TR[...] in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


St. Helena, Augusta, 8 November 324 - c. 330 A.D., Mother of Constantine the Great

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Helena died around 330, with her son at her side. She was buried in the Mausoleum of Helena, outside Rome on the Via Labicana. Her sarcophagus is on display in the Pio-Clementine Vatican Museum, although the connection is often questioned. Next to her is the sarcophagus of her granddaughter Saint Constantina (Saint Constance). Her skull is displayed in the Cathedral of Trier, in Germany.
RL79455. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V p. 281, 2 (also 1st officina); RIC VIII Trier 63; LRBC I 112; SRCV V 17493; Cohen VII 4, EF, well struck and centered on a ragged flan, end of reverse legend not fully struck, some light corrosion, weight 1.921 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 30o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL HELENA AVGVSTA, diademed and mantled bust right wearing necklace; reverse PAX PVBLICA, Pax standing left, olive branch pointed down in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, •TRP• in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


Theodora, Augusta, 2nd Wife of Constantius I, Grandmother of Caesars and Emperors

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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RL79458. Billon reduced centenionalis, SRCV V 17501, Cohen VII 4, VF, attractive portrait, dark green patina, reverse struck with a worn die, areas of light corrosion, weight 1.693 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse FL MAX THEODORAE AVG, draped bust right, elaborate hairstyle, pearl necklace; reverse PIETAS ROMANA, Pietas standing facing, head right, holding infant at her breast, •TRP[...] in exergue; $90.00 (€80.10)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 20 May 325, Constantine I summoned an ecumenical council of bishops in Nicaea (the First Council of Nicaea). The Nicene Creed declares that the members of the Trinity (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit) are equal. The council also decided that Easter would be celebrated on the first Sunday after the 21st of March.
RL84296. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 452, LRBC I 16, Cohen VII 125, SRCV IV 16792, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering, slightly clashed reverse die, weight 3.590 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 324 - 325 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with two turrets, no door, star above, PTR in exergue; scarce; $90.00 (€80.10)
 




    



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REFERENCES

Cahn, H.A. "Die Trierer Antoniniane der Tetrarchie" in SNR XXXVII (1955).
Schulte, P.N. Die Römische Münzstätte Trier von der Wiederaufnahme ihrer Tätigkeit unter Diocletian bis zum Ende der Folles-Prägung. (Frankfurt, 1974).
von Schrötter, F. Die Münzen von Trier. 2. Teil. (Bonn 1908).
Weiller, R. Die Münzen von trier, 1. Teil. (Düsseldorf, 1988).
Zschucke, C.-F. Die römische Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 1988).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 29, 2017.
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