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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Ticinum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ticinum (Pavia), Italy

Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
A very rare, fine style bust type, unlisted in RIC, and only known from two other coins: a die match listed by Bastien, and a different die with different obverse legend in the Philippe Gysen collection.
SH30384. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 435 var. (bust type not listed in RIC); obverse die match illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11, aEF, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate bust left, wearing cuirass, aegis on chest, Victory in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, Victory presenting wreath extended in right, leaning on spear and grounded shield with left, QXXT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated. In sum, Rome has perhaps had greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, architecture, music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.
RA76282. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 411; Pink VI-1, p. 63; Cohen VI 561 var. (bust); Maravielle -; Hunter III -; SRCV III -, EF, fantastic and very rare bust, sharp, most silvering remains, porosity, die crack in exergue, weight 3.586 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner in on left shoulder; reverse ROMAE AETER (eternal Rome), six column temple, statue of Roma seated facing within holding Victory in right hand and scepter in left, VXXT in exergue; very rare ; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA76278. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; RIC V-2 445 (R) var. (cuirass); Cohen VI 810 var. (same); Hunter IV 135 var. (same, obv legend); SRCV III 12059 (same), Choice EF, fantastic heroic bust, unusual obverse legend, excellent centering, most silvering remains, some light corrosion, weight 3.359 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG, radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner on left shoulder; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, Victory offering wreath in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, spear leaning against left forearm, QXXT in exergue; SOLD


Severus II, 25 July 306 - Summer 307 A.D.

|Severus| |II|, |Severus| |II,| |25| |July| |306| |-| |Summer| |307| |A.D.||follis|
Mars, the god of war, and Virtus, the personification of courage and valor, are sometimes confused in coin descriptions. Mars is male and usually nude. Virtus is female and is never nude. Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
SH93194. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 58a, SRCV IV 14641, Cohen VII 70, Hunter V 6 var. (1st officina), Choice aEF, well centered, sharp portrait, flow lines, weight 10.517 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, c. 305 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS NOB CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN (the valor of our two emperors and two caesars), Mars advancing right, helmeted, nude but for cloak in belt around waste, trophy in left hand over left shoulder, transverse spear in right hand, pellet in left field, TT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.||antoninianus|
SH30385. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 351 var. (bust type), gVF, weight 3.752 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing right, head left, raising hand, globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

|Constantius| |I|, |Constantius| |I,| |May| |305| |-| |25| |July| |306| |A.D.||follis|
This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RT83498. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 55a, Cohen VII 44, SRCV IV 14170, VF, well centered and struck, weight 8.300 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 305 A.D.; obverse IMP C CONSTANTIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse FIDES MILIT (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides seated left, standard in each hand, TT in exergue; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, E, PXXI

|Probus|, |Probus,| |Summer| |276| |-| |September| |282| |A.D.;| |<u>E</u>QVITI| |Series| |II| |of| |Ticinum,| |<u>E</u>,| |PXXI||antoninianus|
Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click AEQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "E" in the reverse field is the first letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "P" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the first officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA87620. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 480; Pink VI-1 p. 67, em. 9; Cohen VI 121; SRCV III 11965 var. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV 142 var. (same), Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, near full silvering, mint luster, areas of dark tone, weight 4.308 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and mantled bust left, holding an eagle-tipped scepter; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing slightly, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, E left, PXXI in exergue; SOLD


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

|Tacitus|, |Tacitus,| |25| |September| |275| |-| |June| |276| |A.D.||antoninianus|
In 276, Marcus Annius Florianus defeated the Goths and Alans who had invaded Asia Minor. After Tacitus was murdered or died of illness in June 276, Florianus was made emperor. After holding power only for some weeks, Florianus was assassinated by his own troops. Probus, age 44, was proclaimed the new Emperor of Rome.
RA86758. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3448 (65 spec.), RIC V-1 163, BnF XII 1706, Gloucester 741, La Venèra 1950 - 1977, Ciron IV 398, Choice EF, excellent portrait, full circles strike, near full silvering, tiny deposits, weight 3.931 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, 6th officina, Ticinum mint, issue 2, early - Jun 276; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRIT PERP (everlasting security), Securitas standing facing, head left, legs crossed, right hand on head, left forearm resting on column, VI (6th officina) in exergue; ex Kirk Davis List 48 (Nov 2005); SOLD


Tacitus, 25 September 275 - June 276 A.D.

|Tacitus|, |Tacitus,| |25| |September| |275| |-| |June| |276| |A.D.||antoninianus|
Mars holds both the implements of war and the olive branch of peace. "Peace through strength" is an ancient phrase and concept implying that strength of arms is a necessary component of peace. The phrase has famously been used by many leaders from Roman Emperor Hadrian in the first century A.D., to Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
RA86761. Billon antoninianus, MER-RIC 3366 (9 spec.), RIC V-1 145, La Venèra 1304 - 1306, Cohen VI 60, SRCV V 11784, Choice EF, superb portrait, well centered on a broad flan, toning over intact silvering, weight 3.788 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum mint, 1st issue, Nov - Dec 275; obverse IMP C M CL TACITVS AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right; reverse MARTI PACIF (to Mars the peacemaker), Mars advancing left, wearing military garb, raising olive branch in right hand, transverse spear and long oval shield in left hand, S in exergue; SOLD


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

|Numerian|, |Numerian,| |February| |or| |March| |283| |-| |October| |or| |November| |284| |A.D.||antoninianus|
When Augustus ruled Rome, he was not called emperor or king, he was the Princeps, the "first of men." In the empire, the designated successors to the emperor were named caesar and also given the title Princeps Juventutis, the "first of youths." This is the origin of the English word prince, meaning the son of a monarch.
RB71623. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 8 (also 5th officina, unbroken rev. leg.), RIC V-2 366; Venèra IV 418 (24 ex.); Pink VI-2 p. 24; SRCV III 12219; Cohen VI 76, Choice EF, excellent centering, much silvering, some porosity, weight 3.529 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, as caesar, Nov/Dec 282 - Feb/Mar 283 A.D.; obverse M AVR NVMERIANVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENTVT (to the Prince of Youth), Numerian walking left, baton in right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand, VXXI in exergue; SOLD




  




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