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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Ticinum||View Options:  |  |  |   

Ticinum (Pavia), Italy

Ticinum was a municipality and an important military site (a castrum) under the Roman Empire. In 476, Odoacer defeated Flavius Orestes at Ticinum after a long siege. To punish the city for helping his rival, Odoacer destroyed it completely. After the Lombard's conquest, Pavia became the capital of their kingdom, 568 - 774. Dates of operation: c. 274 - 326 A.D. Mintmarks: T.


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D., The Eleventh Labour of Hercules

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Hercules' 11th labor was to steal three of Hera's immortality-giving golden apples from the Garden of the Hesperides, guarded by Ladon, a never-sleeping, hundred-headed dragon. Hercules asked Atlas to steal the apples, agreeing to hold up the world so Atlas could complete the task. Atlas returned but refused to take back his burden. Hercules, pretending to enjoy the task, asked Atlas to hold the world while he made a pad of the lion skin. He never took back the burden and ran away.
SH53629. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 670, Cohen VII 299, gVF, areas of encrustation, weight 4.103 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 294 A.D.; obverse FL VAL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), Hercules in the Garden of the Hesperides, standing half right, club in right, apple in left, apple tree entwined with serpent right, XXIT in exergue; very rare and desirable; SOLD


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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The Sisak Hoard of more than 2000 silver argentei, most of them mint-state, plus silver vessels, was found in 1953 near Siscia (Croatia). Still today, nearly all the high grade early argentei of the early tetrarchy on the market came from this hoard. The deposition of the hoard can be placed in the year 295/296.
SH53596. Silver argenteus, Sisak Hoard 31, RIC VI 17b, RSC V 208C, FDC, weight 3.007 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. 295 A.D.; obverse MAXIMIAN-VS CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse VICTORIA SARMAT, the four tetrarchs sacrificing over tripod in front of turreted enclosure with gate; ex H. S. Perlin Co., 1988; magnificent rainbow iridescent toning on blazing lustrous fields, perfect centering on a large flan, sharp portrait of fine style, from the 1953 Sisak hoard; rare (RIC R3); SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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A very rare, fine style bust type, unlisted in RIC, and only known from two other coins: a die match listed by Bastien, and a different die with different obverse legend in the Philippe Gysen collection.
SH30384. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 435 var. (bust type not listed in RIC); obverse die match illustrated in Bastien's Buste Monetaire... pl. 126 number 11, aEF, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS AVG, radiate bust left, wearing cuirass, aegis on chest, Victory in right hand; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, Victory presenting wreath extended in right, leaning on spear and grounded shield with left, QXXT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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On the Forum Ancient Coins Discussion Board, Sylviane Estiot wrote that she knew of 13 examples of this type, nine from the 5th officina. Yes, the consignor is asking a lot for this coin! Rare Probus antoniniani in exceptional condition often do achieve this price level at auction. Better in hand than we can capture in a photograph.
RA76274. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; Cohen VI 51; RIC V-2 -; Venèra -; Hunter IV -; SRCV III -, Choice EF, sharp, full circles centering, high points coppery, small spots of encrustation and light corrosion, weight 3.842 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse IMP C M AVR PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left in consular robe, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse ADVENTVS AVG (arrival of the Emperor), Probus on horseback left, raising right hand, long scepter in left hand; captive before horse on left, seated left with hands bound behind back; VXXT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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This type with a radiate head is unlisted in RIC VII but p. 379, 135, notes that Alföldi recorded the radiate head in RIN 1921, p. 118; citing a specimen in the Trau Collection with a PT mintmark (first officina), and another in the Gerin Collection with a TT mintmark (third officina). The note goes on to say the radiate bust type should be expected since the other rulers have parallel bust types in the issue, one of which is radiate. We know of eight total specimens of this type, but the Trau Collection coin is the only other first officina example known to Forum.
RL84331. Billon centenionalis, Alföldi RIN 1921, p. 118 (citing the Trau collection); RIC VII Ticinum 134 var. (laureate head, radiate head noted on p. 379), Choice EF, excellent bold and well-centered strike, attractive green patina, a few light marks, weight 2.947 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 320 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, radiate head right; reverse DOMINORVM NOSTRORVM CAESS, VOT * V in two lines, the star in center, all within wreath tied at the bottom, PT in exergue; extremely rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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The empire is history but Rome is still today, the Eternal City.

Rome's influence on Western Civilization can hardly be overestimated. In sum, Rome has perhaps had greater influence than any other city on earth, making important contributions to politics, literature, culture, the arts, architecture, music, religion, education, fashion, cinema and cuisine.
RA76282. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 411; Pink VI-1, p. 63; Cohen VI 561 var. (bust); Maravielle -; Hunter III -; SRCV III -, EF, fantastic and very rare bust, sharp, most silvering remains, porosity, die crack in exergue, weight 3.586 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner in on left shoulder; reverse ROMAE AETER (eternal Rome), six column temple, statue of Roma seated facing within holding Victory in right hand and scepter in left, VXXT in exergue; very rare ; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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Virtus was a specific virtue in ancient Rome. It carried connotations of valor, manliness, excellence, courage, character, and worth, perceived as masculine strengths (from Latin vir, "man"). It was thus a frequently stated virtue of Roman emperors and was personified as the deity Virtus.
RA76278. Billon antoninianus, Pink VI-1, p. 63; RIC V-2 445 (R) var. (cuirass); Cohen VI 810 var. (same); Hunter IV 135 var. (same, obv legend); SRCV III 12059 (same), Choice EF, fantastic heroic bust, unusual obverse legend, excellent centering, most silvering remains, some light corrosion, weight 3.359 g, maximum diameter 23.2 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 4th emission, 278 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI INVICTI AVG, radiate bust left from behind, spear left in right hand, back bare but for balteus over right shoulder and rectangular Aegis shield with square corner on left shoulder; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, wearing helmet and military garb, Victory offering wreath in right hand, resting left hand on grounded shield, spear leaning against left forearm, QXXT in exergue; SOLD


Carus, Early September 282 - c. July or August 283 A.D.

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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA71640. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 81, Cohen VI 78, La Venèra 4043, Venèra IV 252 (4 specimens), Hunter IV 15 var. (bust), SRCV III 12180 var. (obv. legend, late 282 A.D.), Choice EF, full circles strike, much silvering, very light porosity/corrosion, weight 4.469 g, maximum diameter 24.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, c. Mar - Jun 283; obverse IMP C M AVR KARVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, raising flower in right hand, raising fold of chiton behind with left, SXXI in exergue; rare; SOLD


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.

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SH30385. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 351 var. (bust type), gVF, weight 3.752 g, maximum diameter 24.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 277 A.D.; obverse VIRTVS PROBI AVG (the valor of Emperor Probus), radiate nude heroic bust left, aegis across shoulder and spear in right hand; reverse CONSERVAT AVG, Sol standing right, head left, raising hand, globe in left hand, TXXT in exergue; very rare; SOLD


Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.

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Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges.
RB64551. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 103, VF, well centered, excellent bust, weight 7.161 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 20 Apr - end 308 A.D.; obverse IMP C MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate bust wearing imperial mantle left, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse CONSERVAT VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), hexastyle temple, Roma seated facing within, head left, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, pediment empty, knobs for acroteria, TT in exergue; SOLD




  




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Ticinum