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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Londinium||View Options:  |  |  |   

Londinium (London, England)

Londinium was established on the site of the City of London around 43 A.D. It was sacked in 60 A.D. by the Iceni led by queen Boudica, but quickly rebuilt. At the end of the 1st century, Londinium was a cosmopolitan community of merchants from across the Empire and the capital of Roman Britain. In 286, the usurper Carausius declared himself the Emperor of Britain. In 296, Rome invaded and reclaimed Britain from his successor Allectus. Twice British legions rebelled and elected their own emperors, Magnus Maximus in 382 and Constantine III, in 407. Both crossed the channel with their legions and were defeated, leaving Britain largely unprotected. As the Empire declined, Britain became increasingly isolated. In 410, the Romano-British authorities appealed to Honorius for help. He replied that the Britons would have to look after their own defenses, meaning Roman occupation of Britain had ended. Britain was increasingly vulnerable to attack by the Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisii. By the middle 5th century only a small number of wealthy families maintained a Roman lifestyle. At the end of the 5th century the city was largely an uninhabited ruin. Mint dates of operation: 287 - 325 and 383 - 388. Mintmarks: AVG, AVGOB, AVGPS, L, LD, LG, LI, LN, LON, LVG, LVGD, LVGPS, ML, MLL, MLN, MSL, PLN, PLON. Londinium was renamed Augusta about 325 A.D. Coins minted under Magnus Maximus, 383 - 387, use AVG mintmarks.Londinium

Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius was originally a fleet commander sent by the first Tetrarchs to rid the Northern seas of Saxon and Frankish pirates. He soon turned to piracy himself, before fleeing to Britain and declaring himself emperor. His natural cunning enabled him to resist all attempts to dislodge him. In 293 Constantius I captured his continental stronghold of Boulogne. Soon after Carausius was murdered by his chief minister Allectus.
RA73481. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 762 (R), Webb Carausius -, King Unmarked -, Hunter IV -, Cohen VII -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Bicester -, gF/aF, green patina, tight flan, weight 4.137 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 225o, unmarked (London?) mint, c. mid 286 - 287 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign 'moustache' portrait; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Emperor standing right clasping hands with Concordia, no mintmarks; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very rare; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $120.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing. This coin, dedicated to the health of the emperor, probably indicates the emperor was at the time suffering from some disease, and sacred rites had been performed for his recovery.
RA73274. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 162 (R), Webb Carausius 181, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Carausian Hoard -, aVF, dark patina, nice portrait, weak legends, scratches, corrosion, weight 3.683 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. late 289 - 291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse SALVS AVG (the health of the Emperor), Salus standing left, with right hand feeding snake rising from altar at her feet, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. This coin advertises Carausius as the source of hope for the people.
RA73259. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 1010, Webb Carausius 2235, Cohen VII 339, King Unmarked -, SRCV IV -, Hunter IV -, aVF, centered on a broad flan, green patina with red earthen deposits, legends weak, weight 3.311 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 225o, unmarked (Londinium?) mint, c. mid 286 - 287; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes walking left, flower in right hand, lifting skirt with left hand, no mintmarks; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $75.00 SALE |PRICE| $86.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Laetitia is the Roman goddess of gaiety and joy, her name deriving from the root word laeta, meaning happy. She is typically depicted on coinage with a wreath in her right hand, and a scepter, a rudder, or an anchor in her left hand. On the coins of empresses, Laetitia may signal a birth in the Imperial family.
RA73263. Billon antoninianus, Linchmere p. 216, 55 (3 spec.), RIC V-2 50 (S), Webb Carausius -, Bourne Carausius -, Hunter IV -, SRCV IV -, Burton Latimer -, Carausian Hoard -, VF, some silvering, scratches, some corrosion, reverse legend weak, weight 4.601 g, maximum diameter 24.9 mm, die axis 0o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 288 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse LAETITIA AVG (the joy of the Emperor), Laetitia standing half left, wreath in right hand, anchor or staff in left hand, L in left field, ML in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very scarce; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Although the exergue is off flan, based on the portrait style, it is likely this is an early issue without a mintmark (unmarked). It may have been struck at a mint traveling with Carausius or perhaps at London.
RA73490. Billon antoninianus, cf. RIC V-2 983, Webb Carausius 1102, Hunter IV 75, Cohen VII 310, Linchmere Hoard 1102 (1 spec.), King Unmarked 13, SRCV IV -, Bicester -, F, nice green patina, centered on a crowded flan, minor edge chipping, weight 2.590 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 45o, London(?) mint, c. mid 286 - 287 A.D.; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, early reign 'moustache' portrait; reverse SALVS AVG (the health of the Emperor), Salus standing slightly left, head left, from patera in right hand feeding snake rising from altar, long scepter vertical in left hand; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.00


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
Salus was the Roman goddess of health. She was Hygieia to the Greeks, who believed her to be the daughter of Aesculapius, the god of medicine and healing, and Epione, the goddess of soothing of pain. Her father Asclepius learned the secrets of keeping death at bay after observing one snake bringing another snake healing herbs. Woman seeking fertility, the sick, and the injured slept in his temples in chambers where non-poisonous snakes were left to crawl on the floor and provide healing. This coin, dedicated to the health of the emperor, probably indicates the emperor was at the time suffering from some disease, and sacred rites had been performed for his recovery.
RA73489. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 165 (S), Webb Carausius 195, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Burton Latimer -, Bicester -, Carausian Hoard -, F, green patina, flan cracks, ragged flan, corrosion, encrustations, weight 3.219 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. late 289 - 291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse SALVS PVBLICA (the health of the public), Salus standing right, feeding snake held in right hand, from patera held in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $75.00


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

|Constantine| |the| |Great|, |Constantine| |the| |Great,| |Early| |307| |-| |22| |May| |337| |A.D.|, |follis|
In 310 A.D. Maximian, supposedly retired, attempted to make himself emperor again at Arles. When Constantine the Great marched with his army, Maximian fled but was captured at Marseille. Constantine encouraged his suicide and Maximian, age 60, hung himself.
RL93238. Billon follis, RIC VI Londinium 121a, SRCV IV 16046, Cohen VII 536, Hunter V 4, VF, dark patina, small deposits, broad flan ragged with edge splits, weight 2.829 g, maximum diameter 27.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 310 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse SOLI INVICTO COMITI (to the unconquered Sun, minister [of the Emperor]), Sol standing slightly left, radiate, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, globe in left hand, T left, F right, PLN in exergue; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

|Licinius| |I|, |Licinius| |I,| |11| |November| |308| |-| |18| |September| |324| |A.D.|, |follis|
Most references describe this bust as laureate and cuirassed. Hunter V breaks from tradition and correctly recognizes that the loop on the left shoulder indicates drapery, the paludamentum. To avoid confusion, we use the traditional description omitting "draped" from the description.
RL93204. Billon follis, Hunter V 4, RIC VII Londinium 3, SRCV IV 15184, Cohen VII 49, F, well centered, dark patina, small corrosion, weight 2.820 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 150o, Londinium (London, England) mint, 313 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POP ROM (to the guardian spirit of the Roman people), Genius standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S and F left and right, PLN in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

|Crispus|, |Crispus,| |Caesar,| |1| |March| |317| |-| |326| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
On 19 Dec 324, Licinius abdicated his position as Emperor. He was pardoned by Constantine I as a result of the supplication of his wife Constantia (who was Constantine's half-sister) and banished to Thessalonica as a private citizen. The next year Licinius was executed on the charge of conspiring, and raising troops against the emperor.
RL84251. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII London 250, SRCV IV 16725, Cohen VII 27, Hunter V 4 var. (bust), Choice VF, well centered, some silvering, spots of light corrosion, weight 3.245 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOBIL C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding shield and spear with point forward; reverse BEAT TRANQLITAS, globe on altar inscribed VOT/IS / XX in three lines, F-B across fields, three stars above, PLON in exergue; $55.00 (50.60)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

|Carausius|, |Romano-British| |Empire,| |Carausius,| |Mid| |286| |-| |Spring| |or| |Early| |Summer| |293| |A.D.|, |antoninianus|
In The Reign and Coinage of Carausius, Percy Webb wrote that Providentia types are very common, but those reading PROVIDEN are rare.
RA73472. Billon antoninianus, Webb Carausius 175 (draped, no cuirass) or 176 (also cuirassed), RIC V-2 149 (S), SRCV IV 13694, Askew 182, Hunter IV -, VF, green patina, well centered on a tight flan, areas weakly struck, bumps and marks, weight 3.155 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. late 289/290 - 290/291; obverse IMP CARAVSIVS P F AVG, radiate, draped (and cuirassed?) bust right, middle reign portrait type; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing left, globe in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, B - E across fields, MLXXI in exergue; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; scarce; $60.00 SALE |PRICE| $54.00




  



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