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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ HeracleaView Options:  |  |  |   

Heraclea, Thrace (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)

Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On 3 July 324 A.D., Constantine I defeated Licinius at Adrianople, forcing him to retreat to Byzantium. Soon after, Crispus destroyed Licinius' fleet at the Battle of Hellespont in the Dardanelles, allowing Constantine to cross over the Bosporus into Asian provinces and besiege Byzantium. On September 18th Constantine definitively defeated Licinius at Chrysopolis. Licinius escaped but abdicated on 19 December. Thanks to the pleas of his wife, Constantine's half-sister Constantia, Licinius was pardoned by Constantine and banished to Thessalonica as a private citizen. The next year he was executed on the charge of conspiring and raising troops against the emperor.
RL89582. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 64, SRCV IV 16224, Cohen VII 123, Hunter V 303 var. (no pellet at end of mintmark, EF, near full silvering, weight 3.331 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 324 A.D.; obverse CONSTAN-TINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse D N CONSTANTINI MAX AVG, VOT / XX in two lines above star, all within wreath, SMHB in exergue; ex Forum (2010); scarce; $120.00 (105.60)


City of Constantinople Commemorative, 347 - 348 A.D.

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Of the hundreds of Constantinople commemoratives we have handled in the past 17 years, this is only the second example Forum has handled with this reverse type. Although RIC lists it as only as scarce, it is certainly rare.
RL70891. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 50 (S), LRBC I 960, Hunter V -, Voetter -, SRCV IV -, VF, tight flan, weight 1.533 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 315o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 347 - 348 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINOPOLI, laureate and helmeted bust of Constantinopolis left, wearing imperial cloak, scepter over left shoulder; reverse VOT / XX / MVLT / XXX in four lines within wreath, SMHΓ in exergue; rare; $40.00 (35.20)


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

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The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL88785. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, F, rough, earthen deposits, weight 3.017 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACL[...] in exergue; $24.00 (21.12)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 337 A.D., Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans succeeded their father Constantine I and ruled as co-emperors. The Roman Empire was divided between the three Augusti. A number of descendants of Constantius Chlorus, including the caesar Delmatius, as well as officials of the Roman Empire, were executed. The three Augusti denied responsibility for the purge.
RL88579. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 15 (S), LRBC I 944, SRCV V 17434, Hunter V -, F, tight ragged flan, scrapes and scratches, weight 1.618 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 22 May 337 - 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Fausta, Augusta 324 - 326 A.D., Second Wife of Constantine the Great

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Fausta is depicted as Spes, the Roman personification of hope. She holds her infant children, Constantine II and Constantius II, her hopeful promise for the future of the "Republic."
RL88805. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea p. 551, 80 (R1); LRBC I 875; SRCV IV 16572; Cohen VII 17, F, some silvering remains, well centered, scratches, earthen deposits, weight 2.375 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 325 - 326 A.D.; obverse FLAV MAX FAVSTA AVG, draped bust right, hair waved, bun at back, wearing pearl necklace; reverse SPES REIP-VBLICAE, Fausta standing facing, looking left, holding infants Constantine II and Constantius II, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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A comrade of Galerius, Licinius was made Augustus after abdication by Diocletian and Maximianus. After Maximinus II invaded his territories, Licinius defeated him. Over the years, relations with Constantine deteriorated, ending with Licinius' defeat. Intervention by Licinius' wife, Constantine's sister, spared his life for a short time, however, he was soon executed.
RL88788. Billon follis, Hunter V 103 (also 4th officina), RIC VI Heraclea 73, SRCV IV 15240, Cohen VII 108, VF, silvering, scratches, rough areas, weight 2.465 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, early 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jupiter the protector of the two emperors), Jupiter standing left, nude but for cloak over shoulder, Victory on globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, eagle left with wreath in beak at feet on left, ∆ right, SMHT in exergue; $15.00 (13.20)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest with his second wife, Fausta. He was made Caesar before he was a year old. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia.
RL88735. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 32 (R2), SRCV V -, Hunter V -, F, mottled green patina, well centered, traces of silvering, weight 2.514 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 318 - 320 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left holding scepter in right and mappa in left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate with three turrets, dot in right field, SMHE in exergue; scarce; $14.00 (12.32)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army."
RL88750. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 111, LRBC I 898, SRCV IV 16353, Cohen VII 256, F, well centered, mottled green patina, rough, weight 2.567 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 330 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette and laurel diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHΓ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RL88759. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 17b corr. (obv legend), SRCV IV 13265, Cohen VI 184, Hunter V -, F, well centered, rough, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 5.480 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head (smaller head) right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTΓ in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

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Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL88589. Billon antoninianus, Hunter IV 53 (also 4th officina); RIC V, part II, 607; Cohen VI 53; SRCV IV 13115, F, full legends, broad flan, rough, weight 3.601 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 286 - 295 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus standing right with short scepter, Jupiter standing left presenting Victory on globe with right and holding long scepter vertical behind in left, ∆ between them, XXI in exergue; $13.00 (11.44)




  



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Catalog current as of Tuesday, July 16, 2019.
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Heraclea