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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |Roman Mints| ▸ |Heraclea||View Options:  |  |  | 

Heraclea, Thrace (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey)

Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.

Galeria Valeria, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of Galerius

|Galeria| |Valeria|, |Galeria| |Valeria,| |Augusta,| |June| |293(?)| |-| |311| |A.D.,| |Second| |Wife| |of| |Galerius|, |follis|
Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RT91453. Billon follis, Hunter V 9 (also 2nd officina), RIC VI Heraclea 43, SRCV IV 14593, Cohen VII 10, VF, well centered, dark brown tone, weight 4.755 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing facing, head left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, HTB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Pegasi Coins; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.|, |follis|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RB93168. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 17a, SRCV IV 12787, Cohen VI 106, Hunter V 73 var. (4th officina), Choice VF, excellent centering and strike, some silvering,, weight 9.402 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTB in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL89956. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, Choice VF, dark green patina, light marks, light corrosion, some reverse die wear, weight 2.827 g, maximum diameter 20.9 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLA in exergue; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt.
RL91665. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 3(b)2 (S), LRBC II 1920, SRCV V 19754, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, well centered on a tight flan, small edge cracks, weight 3.092 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, dragging captive with right, SMHB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

|Diocletian|, |Diocletian,| |20| |November| |284| |-| |1| |May| |305| |A.D.|, |follis|
In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RB93172. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 19a, SRCV IV 12787, Cohen VI 106, Hunter V 73 var. (officina), VF, well centered, porosity, light deposits, small edge cracks, tiny flaw in beard, die break below bust, reverse die worn, weight 7.863 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VAL DIOCLETIANVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTΓ in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

|Constantius| |II|, |Constantius| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |3| |November| |361| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciae to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mintmarks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL92032. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 108 (R3), SRCV V 17644, LRBC 1 896, Cohen VII 167, Hunter V -, Choice VF, well centered, dark patina, traces of silvering, weight 2.728 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 135o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 328 - 329 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the Prince), camp gate with two turrets, star above, star left, SMHE in exergue; ex Roma Numismatics; very rare; $34.00 SALE |PRICE| $30.60


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The celebration for a reign anniversary typically began a year before the actual anniversary and lasted the entire year. The actual celebratory events were likely at the beginning and end of this year-long period. This means that coins celebrating an anniversary were often struck from up to a year before that anniversary. Julian was named Caesar by Constantius II in 355 and used this as the date of the beginning of his reign, not 360 when he was named Emperor by his troops in Gaul, nor 361 when Constantius died and he was acknowledged Emperor throughout the Empire. Thus the celebration of Julian's decannalia, or tenth anniversary of reign, was to begin in 364. In late 362, when Julian needed extra coinage to prepare for his Persian War, what better type to strike than a vota coinage? He really should not have used X for the Soluta, or vows completed, for two more years but it served as great propaganda. He was informing the populace that he will still be around in two years when the war is over.
RL88785. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 105, LRBC II 1908, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, F, rough, earthen deposits, weight 3.017 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 0o, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACL[...] in exergue; $21.00 SALE |PRICE| $18.90


Julian II "the Apostate," February 360 - 26 June 363 A.D.

|Julian| |II|, |Julian| |II| |"the| |Apostate,"| |February| |360| |-| |26| |June| |363| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Heraclea, the Greek city of Perinthos, later known as Heraclea Thraciea to distinguish it from Heraclea Pontica, is now Marmara Ereglisi in the European part of Turkey. The Roman mint was established by Diocletian shortly before his reform and was in use until the times of Theodosius II. Dates of operation: 291 - 450 A.D. Mint marks: H, HERAC, HERACL, HT, MHT, SMH, SMHT.
RL88611. Bronze centenionalis, RIC VIII Heraclea 106, LRBC II 1909, SRCV V 19174, Cohen VIII 151, Hunter V -, aF, dark patina, some corrosion, weight 3.059 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 361 - 363 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL IVLIANVS P F AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left holding spear and shield; reverse VOT / X / MVLT / XX in four lines within wreath, HERACLēB in exergue; $19.00 SALE |PRICE| $17.10


Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D.

|Maximian|, |Maximian,| |286| |-| |305,| |306| |-| |308,| |and| |310| |A.D.|, |follis|
"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RL88759. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 17b corr. (obv legend), SRCV IV 13265, Cohen VI 184, Hunter V -, F, well centered, rough, corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 5.480 g, maximum diameter 26.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, laureate head (smaller head) right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, HTΓ in exergue; $12.00 SALE |PRICE| $10.80


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

|Constantine| |II|, |Constantine| |II,| |22| |May| |337| |-| |March| |or| |April| |340| |A.D.|, |reduced| |follis|
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RL88813. Billon reduced follis, Hunter V 70 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Heraclea 55 (R1), SRCV V 17124, Cohen VII 133, F, well centered, a little rough, weight 2.775 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 321 - 324 A.D.; obverse D N FL CL CONSTANTINVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders, Victory on globe presenting wreath in right hand, long eagle-topped scepter vertical in left hand, eagle standing left with wreath in beak at feet on left, in right field: X/IIΓ over bound bearded captive seated right and looking left, SMHA in exergue; scarce; $9.00 SALE |PRICE| $8.10







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