Aquileia was founded by the Romans as a Latin colony in 181 B.C. in the north-eastern corner of the plain of the Po at the northern end of the Adriatic. It grew to become one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Roman Empire. After the city was destroyed by Attila the Hun in A.D. 453, the survivors clustered in a drastically reduced settlement around the Basilica, which is the origin of the small present-day town. Most of the ancient city lies unexcavated beneath the surrounding fields. Dates of mint operation: 294 - 324 and 334 - 430 A.D. Mintmarks: AQ, AQOB, AQPS, AQVI, AQVIL, SMAQ.
Flavius Victor, c. 387 - 28 July 388 A.D.
SH58660. Bronze AE4, RIC 55(b), SRCV 4211, F/gVF, weight 1.445 g, maximum diameter 13.0 mm, die axis 180o, Aquileia mint, obverse D N FL VIC-TOR P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseSPES ROMANORVM (Hope of the Romans), campgate with star between two turrets, SMAQP in ex; scarce; $285.00 (219.45)
Constantius Gallus, Caesar, 28 September 351 - Winter 354 A.D.
The reverse mark LXXII refers to the a standard of 72 coins to the pound. The gold solidus and silver light miliarense were both also struck at this c. 4.5 gram standard.
RL59933. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 194, gVF, irregular flan, weight 3.381 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Aquileia mint, Sep 352 - Winter 354 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTANTIVS IVN NOB C, bare-headed, draped and cuirassedbust right, A behind; reverse FEL TEMP REPARATIO, soldier standing left, spearing fallen horseman, LXXII (mark of value) in upper left field, S in center, AQP in ex; scarce; $160.00 (123.20)
Theodosius I, 19 January 379 - 17 January 395 A.D.
RL63736. Bronze AE 4, RIC IX 47(b), VF, weight 1.067 g, maximum diameter 12.4 mm, die axis 180o, Aquileia mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N THEODO-SIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust right; reverseVICTORIA AVGGG, two Victories standing facing, each holding wreath and palm, SMAQS in ex; rare; $95.00 (73.15)
Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.
The cross was rarely used in early Christian iconography, as it depicts a purposely painful and gruesome method of public execution. The Ichthys, or fish symbol, was used by early Christians. Constantine adopted the Chi-Rho monogram as his banner (labarum). The use of a cross as the most prevalent symbol of Christianity probably gained momentum after Saint Helena, mother of Constantine the Great, traveled to the Holy Land, c. 326 - 328, and recovered the True Cross.
RL62722. Bronze AE 3, RIC VII 125, VF, weight 2.198 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 330 - 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassedbust right; reverseGLORIA EXERCITVS, two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, cross in center, AQS in ex; rare (RIC R4); $75.00 (57.75)
Constans, 9 September 337 - 19 January 350 A.D.
In 348, the Goth bishop Wulfila escaped religious persecution by the Gothic chieftain Athanaric and obtained permission from Constantius II to migrate with his flock of converts to Moesia and settle near Nicopolis ad Istrum (Bulgaria).
BB54582. Bronze AE 2, RIC VIII 103, LRBC 88, VF, turquoise patina, weight 2.945 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Aquileia mint, 348 - 350 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTA-NS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped and cuirassedbust left, globe in right; reverse FEL TEMP REPAR-ATIO, helmeted soldier, leading barbarian with right hand from hut under tree, spear in left, AQT in ex; $40.00 (30.80)