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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ArelatumView Options:  |  |  |   

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX abbreviates Votis Tricennalibus Multis Quadragennalibus advertising that Constantius had completed his vows (prayers) to thank God for the 30th anniversary of his rule and made more vows to God that he might help him successfully rule to his 40th anniversary.
RL84413. Silver siliqua, RIC VIII Arles 261/291, RSC V 342-3r, SRCV V 17951, VF, well centered on a tight flan, toned, die wear, small edge cracks, weight 1.706 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 357 - 3 Nov 361 A.D.; obverse D N CONSTAN-TIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOTIS XXX MVLTIS XXXX in wreath, PCON (Constantia) in exergue; $135.00 (€120.15)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL79657. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 376 (R3), LRBC I 380, SRCV 17679, Cohen VIII 105, EF, well centered and struck, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath with pellet inside above center, PCONST in exergue; very rare; $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to the restoration of the Republic. The turreted woman symbolizes the cities and the state of Rome, grateful to the Emperor who lifts her up while he holds the world in his hand and is crowned by Victory.
RL83497. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Arelate 26(a)3, LRBC II 553, SRCV V 20650, Cohen VIII 3, VF, well centered, green patina, tight flan, weight 6.078 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 25 Aug 383 - 28 Jul 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse REPARATIO REIPVB, emperor standing facing, head left, raising turreted woman with right hand, Victory on globe in left hand, Victory crowning him with wreath and holding palm frond, TCON (Constantia) in exergue; $120.00 (€106.80)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references LRBC and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Forum Members' Gallery.
RL70557. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Arles 41 (R2); Depeyrot EMA p. 72, 57/1; LRBC I 429; SRCV V ; Voetter -; Milchev Constantine -, aF, scratches, weight 1.269 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, early 340 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled and draped bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) left, [PCON or SCON] in exergue (off flan); very rare; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79658. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 387 (R4), Depeyrot EMA 49/1, LRBC I 391, SRCV IV 16346, Cohen VII 256, Choice EF, nice portrait, near black patina, closed edge crack, weight 2.668 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, mid - end 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, leaf(?) above center, SCONST in exergue; very rare; $100.00 (€89.00)
 


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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On 3 June 350, Iulius Nepotianus proclaimed himself emperor and entered Rome with a group of gladiators. On 30 June, Marcellinus, a trusted general of Magnentius, defeated and killed Nepotian. Nepotian's head was put on a lance and paraded around Rome.
RL84368. Billon heavy maiorina, Hunter V 51 (also 2nd officina), RIC VIII Arles 150, LRBC II 421, SRCV V 18800, Cohen VIII 20, VF, rough surfaces from light corrosion, tight flan, weight 5.061 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arletum (Arles, France) mint, 19 Jan 350 - 18 Aug 351 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Magnentius on horse galloping right, wearing military dress, not holding shield, spearing a barbarian on right before horse who is kneeling left with outstretched hands, shield and broken spear on the ground below horse, star upper right, SAR in exergue; $95.00 (€84.55)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues; some, such as this coin, are rare.
RL10776. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 371 (R1), LRBC II 374, SRCV V17324, Cohen VIII 126, aEF, sharp portrait, weight 2.516 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath in center, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; rare; $85.00 (€75.65)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79369. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 370 (R2), Depeyrot EMA 46/1, LRBC I 373, SRCV IV 16344, Cohen VII 256, EF, sharp portrait, nice dark green patina, some mint luster, areas of light corrosion, reverse slightly off-center, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath above center, SCONST in exergue; rare; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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In January 322, Crispus was married to Helena. Helena bore him a son in October, 322. Eusebius of Caesarea reported that Constantine was proud of his son and very pleased to become a grandfather. There is no surviving account of the name or later fate of Crispus' son.
RL84318. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 254, SRCV IV 16766, Cohen VII 41, Hunter V -, Choice EF, some silvering, well centered, light marks, nice portrait, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT • X in two lines within wreath tied at the bottom, T*AR in exergue; $80.00 (€71.20)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79364. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 364 (S), Depeyrot EMA 45/2, LRBC I 362, SRCV IV 16343, Cohen VII 256, Choice EF, mint luster, excellent portrait, bold well centered strike, tight flan, weight 2.373 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, branch above center, PCONST in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (€62.30)
 




  



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REFERENCES

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Bruun, P.M. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VII, Constantine and Licinius A.D. 313 - 337. (London, 1966).
Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Carson, R., H. Sutherland & J. Kent. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VIII, The Family of Constantine I, A.D. 337 - 364. (London, 1981).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).
Milchev, S. The Coins of Constantine the Great. (Sophia, 2007).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Volume IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire: The Later Constantinian Dynasty and...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Voetter, O. Die Münzen der romischen Kaiser, Kaiserinnen und Caesaren von Diocletianus bis Romulus: Katalog der Sammlung Paul Gerin. (Vienna, 1921).

Catalog current as of Thursday, August 17, 2017.
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