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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ArelatumView Options:  |  |  |   

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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This bust type is not listed in RIC with this reverse. It appears to be a mule struck, probably in error, with an obverse die from 329 A.D. (RIC VII 338) and a reverse die from the previous issue struck in 328 A.D. (RIC VII Arles 322). In 328, the obverse type was laureate, draped and cuirassed. In 329, the campgate was flanked by T - F and usually had two turrets and no doors.
RL86814. Billon centenionalis, An apparently unpublished mule of two very rare (R4) types; RIC VII Arles -, cf. 338 (for obverse, 329 A.D.) / 322 (for reverse, 328 A.D.), Choice gVF, excellent centering on a round flan, dark patina, weight 2.610 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust left, from the front; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with five rows, four turrets and open doors, with two panels, each with 2 pellets, star above, top row ornamented with arches and pellets, S - F at sides, TCONST in exergue; ex Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; extremely rare; $130.00 (€110.50)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 327, attempting to resolve a labor shortage, Constantine the Great decreed that rural slaves can only be sold in the province where they reside.
RL86835. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 313 (S), LRBC I 321, SRCV IV 16309, Cohen VII 665, Hunter V -, gVF, nice portrait, green patina, some silvering, areas of slight porosity, weight 2.630 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 327 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), campgate with four turrets, open gates and star above, S - F in flanking across field, ARLS in exergue; ex Beast Coins, the Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; scarce; $120.00 (€102.00)
 


Constantius II as Caesar, 324-337 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL86836. Billon follis, RIC VII Arles 323, LRBC I 333, SRCV V 17665, Cohen VIII 314, Hunter V -, gVF, brown patina, weight 3.213 g, maximum diameter 19.9 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 328 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VIRTVS CAESS (the valor of the two princes), campgate with four turrets, star above, gates open, each door with two panels, each panel ornamented with two dots, S - F flanking at sides, QCONST in exergue; Vauctions sale 250 (5 Aug 2010), lot 167; ex Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; $120.00 (€102.00)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL79657. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 376 (R3), LRBC I 380, SRCV 17679, Cohen VIII 105, EF, well centered and struck, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath with pellet inside above center, PCONST in exergue; very rare; $105.00 (€89.25)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum (Arelate) was renamed Constantina in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelatum, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantina by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL86838. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 321, LRBC I 329, SRCV IV 16310, Cohen VII 665, Choice gVF, well centered, some silvering, small green encrustations, weight 3.355 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 328 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl-diademed head right; reverse VIRTVS AVGG (valor of the two emperors), campgate with four turrets, open doors, star above, S - F flanking at sides, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; ex Beast Coins, the Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; $90.00 (€76.50)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues; some, such as this coin, are rare.
RL10776. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 371 (R1), LRBC II 374, SRCV V17324, Cohen VIII 126, aEF, sharp portrait, weight 2.516 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath in center, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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This variety appears to be much rarer than RIC VIII's R2 rating indicates. RIC references LRBC and an example from the Chorleywood Hoard found in Hertfordshire, England in 1977. We found only one other example online - in the Forum Members' Gallery.
RL70557. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Arles 41 (R2); Depeyrot EMA p. 72, 57/1; LRBC I 429; SRCV V ; Voetter -; Milchev Constantine -, aF, scratches, weight 1.269 g, maximum diameter 14.7 mm, die axis 180o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, posthumous, early 340 A.D.; obverse DIVO CONSTANTINO P, veiled and draped bust right; reverse AETERNA PIETAS, Constantine standing right, in military dress, inverted spear behind in left, globe in right hand, X (control symbol) left, [PCON or SCON] in exergue (off flan); very rare; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL86826. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII 319, LRBC I 330, Depeyrot EMA 39/2, SRCV V 17224, Cohen VIII 165, Choice gVF, well centered and struck, brown patina, weight 2.940 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, mid 328 - 329 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse PROVIDENTIAE CAESS (to the foresight of the two princes), campgate, six rows, two turrets, no doors, star above, S - F across field and TCONST in exergue; ex Zachary "Beast" Beasley Collection of Camp Gates; $65.00 (€55.25)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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In January 322, Crispus was married to Helena. Helena bore him a son in October, 322. Eusebius of Caesarea reported that Constantine was proud of his son and very pleased to become a grandfather. There is no surviving account of the name or later fate of Crispus' son.
RL84318. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 254, SRCV IV 16766, Cohen VII 41, Hunter V -, Choice EF, some silvering, well centered, light marks, nice portrait, weight 3.202 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT • X in two lines within wreath tied at the bottom, T*AR in exergue; $60.00 (€51.00)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend dedicates this coin to "the glory of the Army." Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues.
RL79364. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 364 (S), Depeyrot EMA 45/2, LRBC I 362, SRCV IV 16343, Cohen VII 256, Choice EF, mint luster, excellent portrait, bold well centered strike, tight flan, weight 2.373 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 332 - 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, rosette-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, branch above center, PCONST in exergue; scarce; $55.00 (€46.75)
 




  



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REFERENCES

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 15, 2018.
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