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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ Roman Mints ▸ ArelatumView Options:  |  |  | 

Arelatum or Constantia (Arles, France)

In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century. Dates of operation: 313 - 475 A.D. Mintmarks: A, AR, ARL, CON, CONST, KON, KONSTAN.


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon type is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RB89960. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196 (R2), SRCV IV 15347, Cohen VII 101, Hunter V 24 var. (3rd officina), Choice VF, excellent centering, dark green patina, a few tiny spots of porosity, weight 3.748 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, SARL (S engraved over P?) in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 328 Arelatum was renamed Constantia in honor of Constantine II. After Constantine II was killed in 340, the name reverted to Arelate, only to be changed again in 354 to Constantia by Constantius II. It retained that name, although the mintmark 'AR' appeared on some of its coins even in the fifth century.
RL79657. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 376 (R3), LRBC I 380, SRCV 17679, Cohen VIII 105, EF, well centered and struck, weight 2.321 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 - 334 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath with pellet inside above center, PCONST in exergue; very rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Western mint GLORIA EXERCITVS issues are much less common than the Eastern mint issues; some, such as this coin, are rare.
RL10776. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 371 (R1), LRBC II 374, SRCV V17324, Cohen VIII 126, aEF, sharp portrait, weight 2.516 g, maximum diameter 17.0 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Constantia-Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 333 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking two standards, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, wreath in center, SCONST (Constantia) in exergue; rare; $65.00 (€57.20)
 


Magnus Maximus, July 383 - 28 July 388 A.D.

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After the Roman troops in Britain, proclaimed general Magnus Maximus emperor, he invaded Gaul and drove Gratian before him until the latter was overrun and assassinated. After negotiations, Theodosius I recognized Magnus Maximus and his son, Flavius Victor, as emperors in Britannia and Gaul. Gratian's brother Valentinian II retained Italy, Pannonia, Hispania, and Africa. In 386 A.D., driven by reckless greed, Magnus Maximus invaded Italy, driving out Valentinian II, who fled to Theodosius I. Commanding an army of Goths, Huns and Alans, Theodosius marched west and defeated Magnus Maximus at the Battle of the Save. On 28 August 388, Magnus Maximus surrendered at Aquileia and was executed.
RB89291. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC IX Arelate 29(a)3, LRBC II 560, SRCV V 20656, Cohen VIII 7, F, brown town with green highlighting, beginning of obverse legend unstruck, edge crack, weight 1.298 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Arelate (Arles, France) mint, c. 387 - 28 Aug 388 A.D.; obverse D N MAG MAXIMVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SPES ROMANORVM, campgate with star between two turrets, TCON in exergue; ex Moneta Numismatic Services; scarce; $60.00 (€52.80)
 


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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On 1 March 317, Constantine the Great and co-emperor Licinius elevated their sons Crispus, Constantine II (still an baby) and Licinius II to Caesars. After this arrangement, Constantine ruled the dioceses Pannonia and Macedonia, and established his residence at Sirmium, from where he prepared a campaign against the Goths and Sarmatians.
RL88065. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII Arles 129 (R2), Hunter V 29, SRCV IV 16713, Cohen VII 99; only issued by the 4th officina, VF, dark patina, tight flan, stuck with worn/damaged dies, weight 2.782 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 1 Mar 317 - 318 A.D.; obverse CRISPVS NOB CAES, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPIA IVVENTVTIS (in honor of the Prince of Youth), Mars advancing right, nude but for helmet, boots and chlamys on shoulders and flying behind, transverse spear in right, round shield on left arm, R S at sides, QARL in exergue; scarce; $50.00 (€44.00)
 


Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.

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This billon centenionalis is c. 2 - 3% silver. The argenteus struck six years earlier with this reverse type was about 25% silver.
RL71444. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 196; Depeyrot EMA p. 45, 22/3; SRCV IV 15347; Cohen VII 101, F, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 17.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse IMP LICINIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG (to Jove the protector of the Emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, emperor holds a thunderbolt in right hand and scepter in left, TARL in exergue; $32.00 (€28.16)
 


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was son of Constantine I, the eldest with his 2nd wife, Fausta. He was Caesar before he was a year old. Upon his father's death, he inherited the West. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded his territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia.
RL89002. Billon centenionalis, RIC VI Arles 245 (S) corr. (VOT V in error), Hunter V 37, SRCV 17186, Cohen VII 38, aVF, well centered, blue-green patina, buff earthen deposits, scratches, weight 2.398 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, as caesar, 321 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom, Q - A flanking star within crescent with horns up in exergue; scarce; $28.00 (€24.64)
 


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL88607. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Arles 190, SRCV IV 16299, Cohen 636 640, Hunter V 118 var. (first officina, altar ornamented), F, well centered, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.469 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal prince), two Victories holding shield inscribed VOT / P R over undecorated column altar, SARL in exergue; scarce; $19.00 (€16.72)
 







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REFERENCES

Depeyrot, G. Les émissions monétaires d'Arles (4th -5th Siècles). Moneta 6. (Wetteren, 1996).

Catalog current as of Friday, July 19, 2019.
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