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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Military| ▸ |Glory of the Army||View Options:  |  |  |   

GLORIA EXERCITVS - Glory of the Army

The reverse legend on these coins dedicates them to "The glory of the Army." These types were struck in huge numbers by the Constantine Dynasty and most examples are inexpensive. The reverse depicts two soldiers standing facing flanking one or two standards in the center. Their heads are turned toward each other (confronted) and each holds a spear in their outer hand and rests their inner hand on a shield on the ground. Some more unusual examples have a symbol on the standard.


Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.

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On 1 March 293, emperors Diocletian and Maximian appointed Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as caesars. This is considered the beginning of the Tetrarchy, known as the Quattuor Principes Mundi ("Four Rulers of the World").
RA92343. Billon antoninianus, Bastien Suppl. II 537 Alpha (2 examples), RIC V-2 679 bust type C (C), SRCV IV 14297, Cohen VII 115; Hunter IV - (p. cxciv), VF, brown tone with traces of silvering, full legends, weakly struck centers, weight 3.946 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 45o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, Nov - end 293 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse IOVI AVGG, Jupiter seated left, throne without back, Victory on globe in his right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, I in exergue; RIC V list this type as common but only 2 examples are cited in Bastien Supplement II and no sales are recorded on Coin Archives - we believe it is scarce or rare; $120.00 (105.60)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL79178. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 527, LRBC I 56, SRCV V 17313, Cohen VIII 122, Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, nice dark green patina, slight die wear, areas of light porosity, weight 2.245 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 195o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, as caesar, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, TRS in exergue; $100.00 (88.00)


Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.

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Delmatius was a favorite of his uncle Constantine, whom he resembled in character. He was elected consul in 333 and was made caesar two years afterward in 335.
RL88703. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Aquileia 147 (R4), Paolucci-Zub 313 (R3), LRBC I 678, SRCV IV 16891, Cohen VII 4, VF, green patina, tight oval flan, parts of legends and mintmark weak, weight 1.533 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Aquileia mint, 336 - mid 337 A.D.; obverse FL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, AQS in exergue; rare; $90.00 (79.20)


Delmatius, Caesar, 18 September 335 - mid 337 A.D.

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Dalmatius was son of another Flavius Dalmatius, censor, and nephew of Constantine I. Dalmatius and his brother Hannibalianus were educated at Tolosa (Toulouse) by rhetor Exuperius. On 18 September 335, he was raised to the rank of Caesar, with the control of Thracia, Achaea and Macedonia. Dalmatius died in late summer 337, killed by his own soldiers. It is possible that his death was related to the purge that hit the imperial family at the death of Constantine, and organized by Constantius II with the aim of removing any possible claimant to the throne.
RL91650. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Cyzicus 145, LRBC I 1270, SRCV IV 16900, Cohen VII 8, Hunter V 6 var. (bust also draped, 4th officina), VF, tight flan, slightly off center, edge ragged, weight 1.921 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 336 - mid 337 A.D.; obverse FL IVL DELMATIVS NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMKΓ in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 (70.40)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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Constantine reorganized the Roman army to consist of mobile field units and garrison soldiers capable of countering internal threats and barbarian invasions. Constantine pursued successful campaigns against the tribes on the Roman frontiers - the Franks, the Alamanni, the Goths, and the Sarmatians - even resettling territories abandoned by his predecessors during the turmoil of the previous century.
RL91644. Billon reduced centenionalis, Hunter V 47 (also 1st officina), RIC VII Antioch 86, LRBC I 1356, SRCV IV 16359, Choice EF, well centered and struck, nice portrait, reverse die wear, weight 2.270 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 330 - 333 and 335 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel and rosette diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANA in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $70.00 (61.60)


City of Rome Commemorative, 336 - 337 A.D.

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Much less common than the wolf and twins reverse type.
RL20865. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 143 (R3), LRBC I 1037, SRCV IV 16530, Cohen VII 1, VF, porous, ragged flan, weight 1.453 g, maximum diameter 15.4 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 336 - 337 A.D.; obverse VRBS ROMA, helmeted bust of Roma left wearing imperial mantle; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, CONSZ in exergue; rare; $27.00 (23.76)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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In 340, Constantine II crossed the Alps and attacked Constans' army at Aquileia. Constantine II was defeated and killed, leaving Constans as sole ruler of the Western Roman Empire. His other brother, Constantius II, ruled the Eastern Roman Empire.
RL88722. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VIII Antioch 41 (R), LRBC I 1378, SRCV V 17443, Cohen VII 17443, Voetter -,, VF, well centered, porous, weight 1.361 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, as Augustus, 9 Sep 337 - Mar/Apr 340 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMANE in exergue; rare; $24.00 (21.12)


Constantius II, 22 May 337 - 3 November 361 A.D.

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In 331 A.D., Constantine I vigorously promoted Christianity, confiscating the property and valuables of a number of pagan temples throughout the Empire.
RL88757. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Constantinople 139 (R3), SRCV V 17321, LRBC I 353, Cohen VII 127, VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, spots of corrosion, weight 1.798 g, maximum diameter 15.8 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 330 - 331 A.D.; obverse FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from front; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, star above center, CONSΓ in exergue; $19.00 (16.72)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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On 14 September 335, Emperor Constantine I consecrated the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. On 31 December 335, Pope Sylvester I died at Rome after a 21-year reign. He was succeeded by Mark as the 34th pope.
RL88823. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Heraclea 117 (R2), SRCV V 17336, LRBC I 905, Cohen VII 122, Hunter V -, F, green patina, teardrop shaped flan, edge crack, weight 2.020 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, as caesar, 333 - 336 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, heads turned inward confronted, two standards in center between them, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMHΓ in exergue; scarce; $16.00 (14.08)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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On 22 May 337 Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman Emperor, died at Achyron, near Nicomedia, where this coin was struck. He was baptized shortly before his death by Eusebius of Nicomedia.
RL88728. Billon reduced centenionalis, RIC VII Nicomedia 199 (S), LRBC I 1125, Cohen VII 250, SRCV IV 16372, F/aF, green patina, tight oval flan, porous, weight 1.630 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 336 - 22 May 337 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS MAX AVG, laurel-and-rosette diademed and draped bust right; reverse GLORIA EXERCITVS (glory of the army), two soldiers standing facing, flanking one standard in center, heads confronted, each holds a spear in outer hand and rests inner hand on grounded shield, SMNE in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)




  



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Glory of the Army