, , Italy, c. 275 - 250 B.C.
In angst at not seducing with her voice, the siren , threw herself into the sea and died. Her body washed up on the near . There she was not envisioned as one of the insidious monsters of Homer, but rather like a dead hero, she was enshrined and deified and her name was given to an early settlement on the site. held funerary torch-races to commemorate and her nearby tomb and sanctuary were among the local places of interest. The river god was her father.
GS84679. Silver nomos, 440; 381; 100, 63; 483; 586; -, VF, , , on a , porous, 7.114 g, maximum 18.8 mm, 45o, mint, c. 275 - 250 B.C.; of siren left, wearing , triple-pendant earring, and necklace, EY behind neck; the river-god in the form of a , walking left, turned facing, flying left above, placing on river-god's , ΛOY below, NEOΠOΛITHΣ in ; $580.00 (€516.20)
The Sileraioi, , c. 357 - 330 B.C.
Sileraioi was not a city. The Sileraians were Campanian mercenaries who took their name from their proximity to the river Silaros. These coins have been found at the site of their settlement, Cozzo Mususino, a natural strong-hold in central . The coins are often on coins from minted c. 375 - 345 B.C.
SH68704. Bronze p. 301, 2; 1243 (R1); -; -; -; -, VF/F, rough, 7.521 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 90o, Sileraian mint, c. 340 - 330 B.C.; ΣI−ΛEPAIΩ−N (retrograde counterclockwise from 3:00), forepart charging right; SIL (retrograde, upward behind), warrior advancing right, spear in right hand, in left; ; $300.00 (€267.00)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 336 - 330 B.C.
Panormos was the ancient Greek name (meaning, 'All-haven') for present day Palermo. Palermo was, however, originally a Phoenician colony and numismatists identify the city before Greek rule with the Punic name Ziz. It seems the only evidence for this ancient name is the coinage and some scholars believe that Ziz may have been another city.
GI76350. Bronze AE 12, I, p. 272, 10; 1061 (R1); 5, III, pl. 44, 1362; -; -; -, gVF, dark green , light , light marks and corrosion, small edge split, 1/5 off-center, 1.975 g, maximum 12.2 mm, 0o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 336 - 330 B.C.; horse galloping right, barley-kernel above, linear ; forepart of a right, Punic above: ZIZ; all within a deep round ; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
, , Italy, c. 317 - 280 B.C.
Before it was refounded as (meaning "new city"), Naples was called , named for the daughter of the river-god and the Muse . cast herself into the sea and drowned when her songs failed to entice Odysseus. Her body washed ashore at Naples. When people from the city of Cumae settled there, they named their city in her . Roman myth tells a different tale, in which a called Vesuvius was enamored with . In jealousy, Zeus turned the into a and into the city of Naples. Thwarted in his desire, Vesuvius's anger is manifested in the mountain's frequent eruptions.GB85096. Bronze AE 17, 267, 636, IIa 32, 582, VF, , pitting, 4.325 g, maximum 16.7 mm, 0o, (Naples, Italy) mint, c. 317/310 - 280 B.C.; NEOΠOΛITΩN, laureate of left, ∆P behind; Acheloios Sebethos as a standing right, turned facing, lightning bolt over E above; from the Molinari Collection; ; $150.00 (€133.50)
Cales, , Italy, c. 265 - 240 B.C.
The Romans captured Cales in 335 B.C. and established a colony in 334 with Latin rights of 2,500 citizens. It was an important base in the war against Hannibal. Before 184 B.C. more settlers were sent there. After the it became a municipium. Its fertile territory and manufacture of black glazed , which was even exported to , made it prosperous. Inscriptions name six gates of the town: and there are considerable remains of antiquity, especially of an amphitheater and theater, of a supposed temple, a Roman necropolis, and other .GB73620. Bronze AE 20, 309; 436, 183, cf. p. 79, 23 ( of eight rays vice O below), F, green , , 6.161 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 225o, Cales (Calvi Risorta, Italy) mint, c. 265 - 240 B.C.; CALENO, laureate of left, behind; right, of sixteen rays above, Θ (or O?) below, CALENO in ; $140.00 (€124.60)
, , 3rd Century B.C.
The on the coinage of is probably Acheloios Pamisos since (modern Karditza) is located near the source of the Pamisos River. -- : Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the , With Essays on Origin and Identity by Nicholas J. Molinari & Nicola SisciGB85095. Bronze trichalkon, 497, I 1208.1, 483.1-3, 411, 257, Fair/Fine, rough, 7.229 g, maximum 19.6 mm, 135o, (Karditsa, ) mint, 3rd century B.C.; laureate of right; MHTPOΠOΛITΩN, forepart of Acheloios Pamisos as left, facing, ribbons hanging from , below; from the Molinari Collection; ; $135.00 (€120.15)
, , Italy, 317 - 270 B.C.
Before it was refounded as (meaning "new city"), Naples was called , named for the daughter of the river-god and the Muse . cast herself into the sea and drowned when her songs failed to entice Odysseus. Her body washed ashore at Naples. When people from the city of Cumae settled there, they named their city in her . Roman myth tells a different tale, in which a called Vesuvius was enamored with . In jealousy, Zeus turned the into a and into the city of Naples. Thwarted in his desire, Vesuvius's anger is manifested in the mountain's frequent eruptions.GB85093. Bronze AE 12, 295, 581, IId 1, 435, aVF, dark , nice , off center, bumps scratches, tiny pitting, 1.524 g, maximum 11.8 mm, 0o, (Naples, Italy) mint, 317/310 - 270 B.C.; NEOΠOΛITΩN, of right; forepart of Acheloios Sebethos as a right, swimming right above; from the Molinari Collection; $120.00 (€106.80)
Agyrion, , c. 344 - 336 B.C.
Agyrion (modern Agira) was a Sicel city ruled by tyrants, one of whom, Agyris, was the most powerful ruler in the center of . In 392 B.C., he and Dionysius the Elder, together successfully resisted the Carthaginians under Magno. Agira was not colonized by the Greeks until the Corinthian general Timoleon drove out the last Sicel tyrant in 339 B.C. and settled 10,000 Greeks.
GB63889. Bronze AE 14, III p. 125, 10; -; -, VF, nice , 4.086 g, maximum 14.3 mm, 180o, Agyrion (Agira, , Italy) mint, c. 344 - 336 B.C.; AΓYPINAI, young Herakles' left, clad in scalp headdress; AΓYPINAI, forepart of a left, horizontal above; ; $115.00 (€102.35)
Iaetia, , 4th Century B.C.
Iaitas was located on Mount Jato, near modern San Giuseppe Jato, a village in a hilly region of Palermo's hinterland, 31 km from the Sicilian capital. The settlement dated back to prehistoric times, with influence of Greek culture from the 6th century B.C.GB65643. Bronze AE 13, I p.383, 1; 1343; -; -, aF, rough, 1.332 g, maximum 13.0 mm, 180o, Iaetia mint, 4th century B.C.; IATINΩN, right; of grain on left, grain kernel (or a second of grain) on right; very ; $90.00 (€80.10)
Ziz (Panormos), Punic , c. 405 - 380 B.C.
Some authorities have identified the male on the as . Indeed, on some examples the does resemble other depictions of the youthful sun god, but on other examples the god is horned. On this coin the seems to better resemble traditional depictions of Herakles or . The usually has the Punic above the bull. Sometimes it is below. Most likely it should be above on this coin but is merely unstruck.GS66771. Silver , cf. (SNR 50) 14; p. 249, 27; 551; 889 (all w/ Punic "sys" above bull), aVF, 0.547 g, maximum 9.14 mm, 45o, Ziz (Palermo, , Italy) mint, c. 405 - 380 B.C.; male left; advancing left, turned facing; $85.00 (€75.65)
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