Kingdom of Commagene, Iotape, 38 - 72 A.D.
Iotape was the daughter of Antiochus III and Iotapa, the and queen of Commagene. Her parents were full-blooded siblings and direct descendants of the Seleucid kings. Iotapa and her brother Antiochus IV were very young when their father died in 17 A.D. agreed with the citizens of Commagene to make their Kingdom a of the Roman province of . From 17 until 38, Iotapa and her brother were raised in , members of the remarkable court of . was a niece of and the youngest daughter of . She was very influential and supervised her of various princes and princesses, assisting in the political preservation of the Empireís borders, and the affairs of client states. In 38, returned Antiochus IV and Iotape to the throne of Commagene. In addition, enlarged their territory with a of bordering on the seacoast and gave them one million gold pieces, the total amount of revenue collected from Commagene during the twenty years that it had been under . The reason for his extraordinary generosity is unknown. Perhaps it was just a stroke of Caligula's well-attested eccentricity. Iotapa and Antiochus IV married and had three children. Iotapa died before Commagene was annexed by in 72. When she died, Antiochus IV founded a town called Iotapa in her (modern Aytap, Turkey).GB84499. Bronze AE 26,
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D.
traveled to nearly every province of the Empire and spent more than half his reign outside Italy. had been criticized as self-indulgent for his trip to , but proudly advertised his travels with his coinage series. Unlike , the pleasure-seeking tourist, inspected and the legions and made grants for the construction of new public buildings, projects, and settlements. travels were intended to transform conquered lands into a unified Roman Empire.SH51678. Silver
, 138, 816, 299, gVF, 3.219 g, maximum 18.3 mm, 180o, mint, 134 - 138 A.D.; HADRIANVS AVG P P, laureate right; , reclining left, wearing scalp headdress, scorpion in right hand, in left hand, basket grain and poppies at her feet on far side; ex CNG auction 240, lot 383 (sold for $310 plus buyer's fee); SOLD
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