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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Themes & Provenance ▸ Gods, Non-Olympian ▸ SaturnView Options:  |  |  | 

Saturn

Saturn was a major Roman god identified with the Greek deity Cronus, and the mythologies of the two gods are commonly mixed. Saturn had a temple on the Forum Romanum, which contained the Royal Treasury. Saturn is the namesake of both Saturn, the planet, and Saturday. In Roman mythology, when Jupiter ascended the throne of the Gods, Saturn fled to Rome and established the Golden Age, a time of perfect peace and harmony, which lasted as long as he reigned. In memory of the Golden Age, the Feast of Saturnalia was held every year at the Winter Solstice. Saturnalia was an occasion for celebration and visits to friends. Slaves and masters ate at the same table. No war could be declared. Executions were postponed. Homes were decorated with greenery. And it was a season for giving gifts, particularly wax candles, perhaps to signify the returning light after the solstice. Aspects of Saturnalia survive today in Christmas celebrations and carnival festivals around the world.


Geto-Dacian, Roman Republic Imitative, 106 B.C. - 1st Century A.D.

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CE76909. Silver denarius, cf. Davis A/II M14 (possibly same prototype but not very similar), cf. possible prototype: Crawford 313/1 (Rome mint, L. Memmius Galeria, 106 B.C.), F, scratches, uneven strike with some areas unstruck, weight 3.596 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, die axis 45o, obverse stylized head of Saturn(?) right; reverse biga right, MEΛΛIVS (or similar) in exergue; $80.00 (68.00)


Roman Republic, C. Minucius Augurinus, c. 135 B.C.

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In 135 B.C., the First Servile War began. After the Second Punic war, an over-abundance of slaves caused them to be ill-fed by their masters, and they soon began to provide for themselves by robbery. Several decades of increasing tension finally broke out into war. The rebel leader was Eunus, a slave whose master had hired him out as a magician for parties. Eunus would humorously tell his audiences that he was a prophet, that someday he would be king, the classes would be reversed, and aristocrats would killed or enslaved - except for those that tipped him for the show. During the revolt he did spare the lives of at least some aristocrats who had tipped him. The war lasted until 132 B.C. Eunus was captured, but he died before he could be punished. This was the first of three slave revolts against the Roman Republic; the last and the most famous was led by Spartacus.
RR66996. Bronze semis, SRCV I 869, Sydenham 464, Crawford 242/2, BMCRR 955, aF, rough, weight 8.377 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 90o, Rome mint, c. 135 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, CAVG above, S (mark of value) on right, ROMA below; $60.00 (51.00)


Roman Republic, Anonymous, c. 157 - 155 B.C.

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In 157 B.C., the Carthaginians, prevented by their treaty with Rome from engaging in armed resistance, but also guaranteed against any loss of territory, appealed to Rome against the depredations of King Masinissa of Numidia. The Roman censor Marcus Porcius Cato arbitrated a truce. While in Carthage, Cato was so struck by the Carthaginian prosperity that he was convinced the security of Rome depended on the annihilation of Carthage. From this time on, Cato repeated the cry "Ceterum censeo Carthaginem esse delendam" ("Moreover, I advise that Carthage must be destroyed") at the end of all his speeches, no matter what subject they concerned.
RR58571. Bronze semis, Crawford 198/2b, Sydenham 231b, BMCRR Italy -, SRCV I 847, Choice VF, weight 11.445 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 45o, Italian mint, c. 157 - 155 B.C.; obverse laureate bearded head of Saturn right, S (mark of value) behind; reverse prow of galley right, with acrostillium, rostrum tridens, apotropaic eye, oar-box, and deck structure; S (mark of value) right; ROMA below; no symbol, mint mark or monogram; ex Nilus Coins, beautiful jade-green patina; scarce; SOLD







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Catalog current as of Thursday, June 21, 2018.
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Saturn