Persian Empire, , Anatolia, Xerxes I - Darius II, c. 485 - 420 B.C.
After the destruction of the Kingdom of Judah, the Jews were taken into the seventy-year Babylonian captivity. When ancient took control of Babylon, Haman, the royal vizier, convinced Ahasuerus to destroy all the Jews. Esther, Ahasuerus' queen and, unknown to him, a Jew, interceded on behalf of her people. By law the could not rescind the order to slaughter the Jews, so he issued a second decree that permitted the Jews to defend themselves with armed force. The replaced Haman with Mordecai, a palace official, cousin and foster parent of Esther. The Jews defeated Haman, killing his ten sons that were leading the attacks, and then hanged Haman. The day after the battle was designated as a day of feasting and rejoicing. Scholars identify Ahasuerus as the historical Xerxes I, 485 - 465 B.C. Xerxes is the Greek version of his name but the Babylonians knew him as Khshayarsha. The Hebrew name Ahasuerus, appears to be derived from Khshayarsha, with the letter A added at the beginning.
GA29997. Silver , IIIb (early), pl. XII, 16 ff.; 673; 4682; pl. 7, 155 ff.; p. 67 and pl. 17, 1 ff., gF, with almost all detail present, porous, edge cracks, 5.241 g, maximum 14.7 mm, Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 485 - 420 BC.; Kneeling-running figure of the Great right, transverse spear downward in right hand, bow in extended left hand, bearded, crowned; irregular oblong punch; $120.00 (Ä106.80)
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