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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Gods, Non-Olympian| ▸ |Helios||View Options:  |  |  | 

Helios

Helios was imagined as a handsome Sun god crowned with the shining aureole of the sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night. Helios is sometimes identified with Apollo. Greek poets never described Apollo driving the chariot of the sun, but it was common practice for Latin poets. Worship of Helios (and later Sol) was sometimes considered a cult in conflict with traditional worship.


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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Mount Erciyes (Argaios to the Greeks, Argaeus to the Romans) is a massive stratovolcano 25 km to the south of Kayseri (ancient Caesarea) in Turkey. The highest mountain in central Anatolia, with its summit reaching 3,916 meters (12,848 ft). It may have erupted as recently as 253 B.C., as may be depicted on Roman era coins. Strabo wrote that the summit was never free from snow and that those few who ascended it reported seeing both the Black Sea to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south in days with a clear sky.
RP87685. Silver didrachm, cf. RPC IV Online 10073; Metcalf Cappadocia 146a; SNGvA 6441; SNG Cop 250 var. (legends); Sydenham Cappadocia Supp. 370a var. (same); BMC Galatia -, aVF, frosty porous surfaces, bumps and marks, tine edge split, reverse legend ending in exergue is obscure, weight 3.343 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, COS III, 181 - 182 A.D.; obverse AYT M AYPH KOMO - ANTΩNINOC C, laureate head right; reverse UΠATOC Γ - ΠAT ΠA-[TP...(?)], Mount Argaios with rocks and trees, surmounted by Helios standing left on summit, globe in his right hand, long scepter in left hand; $105.00 (92.40)


Rhodos, Caria, c. 40 B.C. - 25 A.D.

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Helios is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology. He is the son of the Titan Hyperion and the Titaness Theia (according to Hesiod), also known as Euryphaessa (in Homeric Hymn 31) and brother of the goddesses Selene, the moon, and Eos, the dawn. Helios was described as a handsome young man crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night. In the Homeric Hymn to Helios, Helios is said to drive a golden chariot drawn by steeds (HH 31.1415); and Pindar speaks of Helios's "fire-darting steeds" (Olympian Ode 7.71). Still later, the horses were given fire related names: Pyrois, Aeos, Aethon, and Phlegon. The equivalent of Helios in Roman mythology was Sol.
GB87753. Bronze AE 19, SNG Keckman 751; SNG Mnchen 673; SNG Cop 875; BMC Caria p. 263, 359; Weber III 6758; HGC 6 1470 (S), F, green patina, edge crack, weight 3.894 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 40 B.C. - 25 A.D.; obverse radiate head of Helios right; reverse PO∆IWN, full blown open rose with four pedals, seen from above, term; scarce; $80.00 (70.40)


Rhodes, Caria, c. 31 - 61 A.D.

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BMC Caria identifies the obverse bust as Alektrona (also called Electryone), a daughter of Helios and Rhodos. She died a virgin and was worshiped as a heroine on the island of Rhodes. She was possibly worshiped as goddess of the morning, or of man's waking sense, which causes him to wake up in the morning. The Doric form of her name, Alektrona, is akin to the Greek word for "rooster," while the Attic form Electryone is akin to the word for "amber," as in the amber color of sunrise. A marble tablet from the 3rd century B.C. found in Ialyssus contains an inscription about the regulations for visitors to the temple of Alektrona.
GB89138. Bronze AE 17, BMC Caria p. 266, 391; cf. RPC I 2771 (various control symbols); cf. Keckman 776 (control obscure); SNG Cop 900 (same); Lindgren 703 (prow control), aVF, attractive black patina with red earthen highlighting, weight 4.705 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rhodos (Rhodes, Greece) mint, c. 31 - 61 A.D.; obverse radiate head of Rhodos or Alektrona(?) right; reverse Nike advancing left, holding wreath and palm (or aphlaston or stylis), sunrise (control symbol) in left field; rare with sunrise; $80.00 (70.40)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RS93138. Silver drachm, RPC IV Online T6928 (8 spec.), Metcalf Cappadocia 120a, Sydenham Caesarea 299, BMC Galatia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aVF, toned, flow lines, reverse legend weak, bumps, scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.441 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 139 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP ANTWNEINOC CEBACTOC, bare head right; reverse VΠATOC B (Cos. 2), Mt. Argaios surmounted by statue of Helios standing facing, nude, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand; $80.00 (70.40)







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Catalog current as of Tuesday, September 17, 2019.
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Helios