Roman , Antinoopolites (?), Portrait of , c. 130 - 153 A.D.
probably joined the entourage of when it passed through in about 124. He became Hadrian's constant companion and lover but in October 130 drowned in the Nile. Hadrian's grief knew no bounds; he enrolled him among the gods, erected a temple, and on 30 October 130 A.D., founded the city of Antinoopolis on the very bank of the Nile river where drowned. It was the capital of a new , Antinoopolites. Artists vied with each other in immortalizing his beauty. Temples and to his memory were erected all over the Empire, and there began a Cult of . On this coin he is depicted in the guise of Hermanubis. RX90575. Lead , 6536, 3559 var. (11.23g), 4397 (R4), F, 4.666 g, maximum 20.6 mm, 0o, Antinoopolis (or ?) mint, c. 130 - 153 A.D.; draped of right, wearing hem-hem crown of , crescent before; standing left, wearing , , and on , right hand raised, long vertical behind in left; ; $225.00 (€200.25)
Roman , Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D.
Both the and types on this are published but the combination does not appear to be published. Nor did we find another example online. According to , lead tesserae served as local small change in during the first to the third century A.D.RX74430. Lead , Unpublished; cf. 6444 and 3584 (for ), F, 3.300 g, maximum 21.7 mm, 180o, (?) mint, Nov 130 - c. 138 A.D. (possibly later); on horseback right, wearing hem hem crown, in right hand; of (?) right, (?, on ), on shoulder behind, snake entwined staff before; extremely ; $160.00 (€142.40)
, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RP72130. Bronze , cf. Dattari-Savio 8907 - 8908, Dattari-Savio Suppl. pl. 20, 165, 1616/1620, 2011, 35.444, 1668, aF, porous, rough, , 22.957 g, maximum 34.6 mm, 45o, mint, 29 Aug 148 - 28 Aug 149 A.D.; AVT K T AIΛ A∆P ANTWNINOC CEB EVC, laureate right; L ∆W∆EKATOV (year 12), temple with two columns, seated left within, right hand resting on a at his feet, long vertical behind in left, orb in ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Menaion, , Roman Rule, c. 200 - 150 B.C.
Mineo, (ancient Menaion) is inland about 64 km southwest of Catania. It was a Sikel city, founded around 458 B.C. by Douketios. In 396 B.C. it was captured by Dionysios I of . Under Roman rule mentions Menaion among the "civitatis decumanae," cities that pay one tenth of their annual harvest to Rome. Today it has about 5,600 residents.GI73159. Bronze pentonkion, III p. 183, 2; 292; 379; 610; 757, VF, centered, nice green , 3.677 g, maximum 16.5 mm, 0o, Menaion (Mineo, , Italy) mint, Roman Rule, c. 200 - 150 B.C.; laureate and draped of right, wearing atef crown; in charging right, Π (mark of value) below, MENA/INΩN divided in two lines above and below; ; $110.00 (€97.90)
Katane, , c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
This was probably first struck, in , in the 3rd century, probably shortly before Roman rule was established in 212 B.C. This and some other examples, appear to be of a later issue, struck under Roman rule, imitating the earlier , but with a cruder . Despite HGC listing it only as , both the finer and this cruder appear to be very .GI76589. Bronze AE 18, III p. 108 - 109, 22; 191; 1277; 489; cf. 609 (S, finer , earlier?), F, crude late , 3.965 g, maximum 18.0 mm, 0o, Katane mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; heads right of (nearer), both wearing a simplified headdress, ear of barley behind; KATANAIΩN, standing half left, nude but for over arms, laurel branch in his right hand, bow in his left hand, left forearm resting on pillar, quiver and at feet on left; very ; $110.00 (€97.90)
, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.
The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by , was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. consulted the oracle of for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
RS71515. Silver , 263f, 296, 133, VF, full circles centering, , a little weak, small encrustations, 3.102 g, maximum 19.9 mm, 0o, Rome mint, 215 A.D.; ANTONINVS AVG , laureate right; XVIII P P (high priest, tribune of the people for 18 years, consul for the 4th time, father of the country), standing facing, left, draped, raising right hand, in left; ; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 11 August 117 - 10 July 138 A.D., Roman Provincial
The ancients did not agree on the attributes of . A passage in affirms that many recognized in this god, , imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with , the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as , possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis of the infernal regions. On this coin, Pluto's influence is evident with the fearsome at Serapis' feet.RX76581. , 32.571, 1094, 1479, 1399, 892, 623, 6739 var. (date), aF, , grainy and porous, 10.343 g, maximum 13.74 mm, 0o, mint, 29 Aug 133 - 28 Aug 134 A.D.; AYT KAIC TPAIAN A∆PIANOC CEB, laureate and draped right, from behind; seated left, reaching with right to at feet left, long vertical in right, LI - H (regnal year 18) across fields; $100.00 (€89.00)
, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D., Nikopolis ad Istrum, Inferior
YΠ = Consular Legate (Governor)
NOBIOY POYΦOY = Nobius Rufus
NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC ICTPΩ = (coin) of the citizenry of Nicopolis on the Istrus (Danube)
The governor's full name was Flavius Novius Rufus, he is also known from inscriptions.RP84565. Bronze AE 27, 220.127.116.11 (R3), 4058 (R3), I/I 1901, -, -, VF, green , die break on at beginning of , some flatness of strike, 12.513 g, maximum 26.6 mm, 0o, Nicopolis ad Istrum (Nikyup, Bulgaria) mint, cos. legate Ti. Flavius Novius Rufus, 218 - 222; AVK M AVP ANTΩNEINOC, laureate, draped, and right; YΠ NOBIOY POUΦ-OY - NIKOΠOΛITΩN ΠPOC I,CTP-ON (last five leters in divided line across ), standing facing, on , raising right hand, long in left; ex Auctions, sale 53, lot 70; $90.00 (€80.10)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Marcianopolis, Inferior
Renamed by after his sister, , Marcianopolis was an important strategic center for centuries. The city was repeatedly destroyed by barbarian raids (Goths, Huns, Avars and others) but also was repeatedly rebuilt and prospered. During Valens' conflict with the Goths, Marcianopolis was a temporary capital of the empire and the largest city in . An Avar raid destroyed the city in 614 or 615.RP70504. Bronze pentassarion, 6.37.5.- var. (R6, , arrangement), 1976 ff. var. (R3, same); -, -, VF, scratches, , , 11.799 g, maximum 28.5 mm, 0o, Markianopolis (Devnya, Bulgaria) mint, consular legate Tullius Menophilus; M ANTΩNIOX ΓOP∆IANOC AY, busts of Gordian on left, laureate, draped, and , seen from behind; and on right, draped, wearing on ; AYT K M below; YΠ MHNOΦIΛOY MAPKIANOΠOΛ,I/T/Ω/N (last four letters in right ), Demeter standing facing, wearing , grain in right hand, long torch vertical behind in left hand, E in left; an unpublished variation of a ; $60.00 (€53.40)
, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D., Hadrianopolis,
The Romans, whose fondness for new gods increased with the influence of their foreign conquests, introduced the worship of within the walls of their city; not, however, without some opposition and resistance from the Senate. Through the influence of P. an was erected to in the Flaminii, and it quickly assumed the form of a temple which, after its Alexandrine prototype, was called the Serapeon. The principal Italian cities, never far behind Rome, soon imitated her example, and it was not long before the worship of was extended from Italy by the different colonies sent from that country into .RP59690. Bronze AE 26, 3842 - 3843 var. ( ), p. 120, 27 var. (same), -, aVF, 9.782 g, maximum 26.4 mm, 0o, Hadrianopolis (Edirne, Turkey) mint, AVT K M ANT ΓOP∆IANOC AVΓ, laureate, draped, and right, from behind; A∆PIANOΠOΛEITΩN, standing half left, raising right hand, long transverse in left hand; variety; $50.00 (€44.50)
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