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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ PantikapaionView Options:  |  |  |   

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace

Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine today) on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was founded by Milesians in the late 7th - early 6th century B.C. In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., the city was home to the Archaeanactids and then of the Spartocids dynasties of Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the Spartocids left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. Half of a century later, Mithridates himself took his life in Panticapaeum, when, after his defeat in a war against Rome, his own son and heir Pharnaces and citizens of Panticapaeum turned against him. In 63 B.C., the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake. Raids by the Goths and the Huns furthered its decline. It was incorporated into the Byzantine state under Justin I in the early 6th century A.D. The city was lost to the Khazars in the 7th century but regained by the Byzantines during the 8th century. Panticapaeum became the independent Khanate of Korchev in the 10th century but was retaken by the Byzantines again in the 11th century. After the Fourth Crusade and the sack of Constantinople in 1204, Panticapaeum, now referred to as Cherson, passed to the Byzantine Empire's successor state the Empire of Trebizond. The city was retained by Trebizond until the 14th century.


Kingdom of Bosporus, Sauromates II, 174 - 210 A.D.

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Tiberius Julius Sauromates II Philocaesar Philoromaios Eusebes (his epithets mean, lover of Caesar, lover of Rome, and the Pius) was the Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom. He was of Greek, Iranian and Roman ancestry and was a contemporary of the Roman emperors Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Septimius Severus and Caracalla. Little is known of his life and reign. From his coinage, we know he venerated Aphrodite. From an inscription found in Tanais, we know that he defeated the Scythians and Sirachi tribes in 193.
GB88982. Bronze denarius, MacDonald Bosporus 543/1, Anokhin 616, RPC Online IV 3878, SNG Cop 68 var. (Aphrodite also holds scepter), SNG Stancomb -, VF, dark patina with brass showing on high points, obverse off center,, weight 9.406 g, maximum diameter 29.5 mm, c. 174 - 196 A.D.; obverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΣAYPOMATOY, diademed and draped bust of Sauromates right, with long hair and a short beard; reverse Aphrodite enthroned left, wearing crown, apple in extended right hand, X (denarius mark of value) in upper right field; ex Ancient Imports, ex German collection; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

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Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB91183. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, Choice gVF, attractive style, bold strike, well centered, light marks, scattered light porosity, weight 6.906 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

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Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB91184. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, aEF, fantastic style, bold strike, well centered, weight 7.815 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB77212. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, EF, double strike, flan flaw on obverse, well centered on a tight flan, weight 7.564 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
SH14673. Bronze AE 22, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, Choice aEF, superb strike, weight 6.915 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB84684. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, VF, well centered, light marks and scratches, edge cracks, uneven toning, weight 7.355 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB91185. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, gVF, attractive style, light marks, scattered slight porosity, weight 6.402 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse bearded horned head of Pan right; reverse ΠAN, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
SH62492. Bronze AE 17, MacDonald Bosporus 67, SNG Cop 32, SNG BM 890, SNG Stancomb 557, Anokhin 132, HGC 7 84, EF, weight 5.185 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 180o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse head of Pan left; reverse ΠAN, head of bull left; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 325 - 310 B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB66120. Bronze AE 21, SNG BM 869, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, HGC 7 113, SGCV I 1700, VF, weight 6.703 g, maximum diameter 21.2 mm, die axis 315o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 325 - 310 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Pan right; reverse Π−A−N, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; SOLD


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB28302. Bronze AE 18, MacDonald Bosporus 67, SNG Cop 32, SNG BM 890, SNG Stancomb 557, Anokhin 132, HGC 7 84, EF, weight 4.406 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, obverse head of Pan left; reverse ΠAN, head of bull left; ex Sayles & Lavender; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES

Anokhin, V. Coins of Ancient Cities of North-Western Black Sea Area. (Kiev, 1989).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. (London, 1961).
Frolova, N. Die frühe Münzprägung vom Kimmerischen Bosporos (Mitte 6. bis Anfang 4. Jh. v. Chr.): Die Münzen der Städte Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Numphaion und Phanagoria sowie der Sinder. (Berlin, 2004).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolchis and the Kimmerian Bosporos), Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. CNS 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Russia, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts: Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Leuven, Belgium, 2011).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
Zograph, A. Ancient Coinage. BAR Supplementary Series 33. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Monday, June 17, 2019.
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Pantikapaion