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Home>Catalog>GreekCoins>Geographic-AllPeriods>Thrace&Moesia>Pantikapaion

Pantikapaion, Thrace

Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine today) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was founded by Milesians in the late 7th - early 6th century B.C. In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence first of the Archaeanactids and then of the Spartocids dynasties of Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the Spartocids, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. Half of a century later, Mithridates himself took his life in Panticapaeum, when, after his defeat in a war against Rome, his own son and heir Pharnaces and citizens of Panticapaeum turned against him. In 63 B.C. the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake. Raids by the Goths and the Huns furthered its decline. It was incorporated into the Byzantine state under Justin I in the early 6th century A.D. The city was lost to the Khazars in the 7th century, but was regained by the Byzantines during the 8th century. Panticapaeum became independent from the empire in the 10th century, forming the Khanate of Korchev, but was retaken by the Byzantines again in the 11th century. After the Fourth Crusade and the sack of Constantinople in 1204, Panticapaeum passed to the Byzantine Empire's successor state the Empire of Trebizond. By now referred to as Cherson, the city was retained by Trebizond until the 14th century.


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 325 - 310 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB66122. Bronze AE 21, SGCV I 1700, SNG Cop 30, MacDonald Bosporus 69, Anokhin 111, SNG BM 869, VF, potentially active corrosion, weight 6.307 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 325 - 310 B.C.; obverse bearded head of Pan right; reverse Π−A−N, forepart of griffin left, sturgeon left below; $170.00 (€127.50)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 340 - 303 B.C.
Click for a larger photo Pan is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks, fields, groves, mountain wilderness, and wooded glens, hunting, rustic music, theatrical criticism, and companion of the nymphs. He is connected to fertility and the season of spring. He has the hindquarters, legs, and horns of a goat and is usually represented in the form of a satyr, with a cloak of goat's skin, playing the Syrinx, or flute of seven pipes, and holding the pedum or pastoral staff.
GB70540. Bronze dichalkon, SNG BM 872, SNG München 17, MacDonald Bosporus 71, Anokhin 112, HGC 7 134, VF, weight 3.338 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 315o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 340 - 303 B.C.; obverse beardless head of satyr Pan right with ear of ass; reverse ΠAN, Pegasos forepart right, curved archaic wings; $125.00 (€93.75)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. Late 4th - Early 3rd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum is present-day Kerch, an important Greek city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos), situated on a hill (Mt. Mithridates) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. It was founded by Milesians in the late 7th or early 6th century B.C.
CM68020. Bronze SNG BM 888 (same type and countermarks), VF, nice patina, weight 6.687 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. Late 4th - Early 3rd century B.C.; obverse head of Pan left; countermark: star in round incuse; reverse ΠAN, head of lion left, sturgeon left below; countermark: lyre; $85.00 (€63.75)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Tauric Chersonesos on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th century B.C. it became the capital of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the kings of Bosporus left it to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. He committed suicide at Panticapaeum in 63 B.C. after his defeat to Rome. In that same year, the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake.
GB66115. Bronze AE 13, SNG Stancomb 579, SNG Cop 55, BMC Thrace p. 9, 41, VF, weight 3.537 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, obverse head of Pan right; reverse ΠANT, pilei (caps) of the Dioscuri, each with a star above; $65.00 (€48.75)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, 4th - 3rd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum is present-day Kerch, an important Greek city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos), situated on a hill (Mt. Mithridates) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. It was founded by Milesians in the late 7th or early 6th century B.C.
GB66111. Bronze AE 20, SNG BM 883, VF, weight 6.545 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 325 - 310 BC; obverse head of Pan left, wreathed in ivy; reverse ΠAN, head of lion left, sturgeon left below; $60.00 (€45.00)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66125. Bronze AE 13, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 3.015 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 135o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $60.00 (€45.00)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66126. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 1.881 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $60.00 (€45.00)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB67161. Bronze AE 13, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, obverse off center, weight 1.791 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $50.00 (€37.50)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB67149. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, obverse off center, weight 2.413 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $50.00 (€37.50)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, 3rd Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Tauric Chersonesos on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th century B.C. it became the capital of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the kings of Bosporus left it to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. He committed suicide at Panticapaeum in 63 B.C. after his defeat to Rome. In that same year, the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake.
GB68491. Bronze obol, SNG Pushkin 956 (same undertype w/cm), SNG BM 868 (same), SNG Stancomb 560; undertype: SNG Pushkin 909 ff. (also w/star countermark), F, overstruck with strong undertype effects, countermark from undertype, weight 7.078 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse beardless head of Pan left, wreathed with ivy, crest above forehead; strong undertype effects; reverse ΠAN, bow and arrow; eight-rayed star countermark from undertype; $45.00 (€33.75)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66113. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 1.761 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $40.00 (€30.00)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB67162. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, small flan, weight 1.697 g, maximum diameter 9.5 mm, die axis 270o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $40.00 (€30.00)

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.
Click for a larger photo Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66112. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, aVF, weight 1.637 g, maximum diameter 10.790 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $30.00 (€22.50)


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REFERENCES

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Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. (London, 1961).
Frolova, N.A. Die frühe Münzprägung vom Kimmerischen Bosporos (Mitte 6. bis Anfang 4. Jh. v. Chr.): Die Münzen der Städte Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Numphaion und Phanagoria sowie der Sinder. (Berlin, 2004).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolchis and the Kimmerian Bosporos), Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. Classical Numismatic Studies 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Russia, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts: Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Leuven, Belgium, 2011).
Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
Zograph, A.N. Ancient Coinage. BAR Supplementary Series 33. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Thursday, July 24, 2014.
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Pantikapaion