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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ PantikapaionView Options:  |  |  | 

Pantikapaion, Thrace

Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine today) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was founded by Milesians in the late 7th - early 6th century B.C. In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence first of the Archaeanactids and then of the Spartocids dynasties of Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the Spartocids, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. Half of a century later, Mithridates himself took his life in Panticapaeum, when, after his defeat in a war against Rome, his own son and heir Pharnaces and citizens of Panticapaeum turned against him. In 63 B.C. the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake. Raids by the Goths and the Huns furthered its decline. It was incorporated into the Byzantine state under Justin I in the early 6th century A.D. The city was lost to the Khazars in the 7th century, but was regained by the Byzantines during the 8th century. Panticapaeum became independent from the empire in the 10th century, forming the Khanate of Korchev, but was retaken by the Byzantines again in the 11th century. After the Fourth Crusade and the sack of Constantinople in 1204, Panticapaeum passed to the Byzantine Empire's successor state the Empire of Trebizond. By now referred to as Cherson, the city was retained by Trebizond until the 14th century.


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos. Thrace, c. 109 - 105 B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB90789. Bronze dichalkon, SNG BM 941, SNG Cop 48, MacDonald 161, Anokhin 203, SNG Stancomb -, VF, weight 3.104 g, maximum diameter 14.6 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 109 - 105 B.C.; obverse star of eight ray, ΠANTIKAΠ between rays; reverse tripod lebes; ex Ancient Imports; scarce; $125.00 (€108.75)
 


Pantikapaion(?), Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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This type was minted with and without the Π on the reverse. Although not discussed in the references reviewed by Forum, we believe the Π on the reverse indicates this coin was struck at Pantikapaion.
GB90313. Bronze AE 10, SNG BM Black Sea 727; SNG Stancomb 463; SNG Pushkin 607, Sutzu II 13, aVF, grainy, weight 1.182 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion(?) mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse lion head right, mouth open; reverse star of six rays, Π − X−E−P between rays; $85.00 (€73.95)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 310 - 303 B.C.

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Panticapaeum is present-day Kerch, an important Greek city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos), situated on a hill (Mt. Mithridates) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. It was founded by Milesians in the late 7th or early 6th century B.C.
CM90340. Bronze AE 19, SNG Cop 37 (same type and countermarks), SNG BM 888 (same), MacDonald Bosporus 114 (same), VF, nice green patina, scratches, weight 6.351 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Ukraine) mint, c. 310 - 303 B.C.; obverse head of Pan left; countermark: star in round incuse; reverse ΠAN, head of lion left, sturgeon left below; countermark: lyre; ex Ancient Imports; $70.00 (€60.90)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB67161. Bronze AE 13, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, obverse off center, weight 1.791 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $45.00 (€39.15)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66125. Bronze AE 13, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 3.015 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, die axis 135o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $45.00 (€39.15)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66126. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 1.881 g, maximum diameter 11.0 mm, die axis 270o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $45.00 (€39.15)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB67149. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, obverse off center, weight 2.413 g, maximum diameter 12.2 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $45.00 (€39.15)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 2nd - 1st Century B.C.

Click for a larger photo
Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Taurica (Tauric Chersonesos) on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 5th - 4th centuries B.C., the city was the residence of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of these kings, left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus.
GB66113. Bronze AE 12, SNG BM 920, SNG Stancomb 573, Anokhin 169, SNG Cop 62, VF, weight 1.761 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 90o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 2nd - 1st century B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right; reverse ΠAN, bow in bow case; $32.00 (€27.84)
 







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REFERENCES

Anokhin, V.A. Coins of Ancient Cities of North-Western Black Sea Area. (Kiev, 1989).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. (London, 1961).
Frolova, N.A. Die frühe Münzprägung vom Kimmerischen Bosporos (Mitte 6. bis Anfang 4. Jh. v. Chr.): Die Münzen der Städte Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Numphaion und Phanagoria sowie der Sinder. (Berlin, 2004).
Hoover, O.D. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolchis and the Kimmerian Bosporos), Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. Classical Numismatic Studies 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Poole, R.S. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Russia, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts: Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Leuven, Belgium, 2011).
Waggoner, N.M. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
Zograph, A.N. Ancient Coinage. BAR Supplementary Series 33. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Monday, August 31, 2015.
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Pantikapaion