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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Greek Coins ▸ Geographic - All Periods ▸ Thrace & Moesia ▸ PantikapaionView Options:  |  |  | 

Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace

Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine today) on the west side of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was founded by Milesians in the late 7th - early 6th century B.C. In the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., the city was home to the Archaeanactids and then of the Spartocids dynasties of Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the Spartocids left his realm to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. Half of a century later, Mithridates himself took his life in Panticapaeum, when, after his defeat in a war against Rome, his own son and heir Pharnaces and citizens of Panticapaeum turned against him. In 63 B.C., the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake. Raids by the Goths and the Huns furthered its decline. It was incorporated into the Byzantine state under Justin I in the early 6th century A.D. The city was lost to the Khazars in the 7th century but regained by the Byzantines during the 8th century. Panticapaeum became the independent Khanate of Korchev in the 10th century but was retaken by the Byzantines again in the 11th century. After the Fourth Crusade and the sack of Constantinople in 1204, Panticapaeum, now referred to as Cherson, passed to the Byzantine Empire's successor state the Empire of Trebizond. The city was retained by Trebizond until the 14th century.


Die Frühe Münzprägung Vom Kimmerschen Bosporus

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The early coinage of the Cimmerian Bosporus (mid-6th to early 4th century BC): The coins of the cities Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Nymphaion, and Phanagoria, and also the Sindi.
BK13181. Die Frühe Münzprägung Vom Kimmerschen Bosporus by Nina A Frolova, 2004, in German, 100 pages, new; $200.00 (€170.00)
 


Pantikapaion, Tauric Chersonesos, c. 480 - 470 B.C.

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Panticapaeum (Kerch, Ukraine) was an important city and port in Tauric Chersonesos on the western side of the Cimmerian Bosporus. It was founded by Milesians in the late 7th or early 6th century B.C. In the 5th century B.C. it became the capital of the Thracian kings of Bosporus. The last of the kings of Bosporus left it to Mithridates VI Eupator, king of Pontus. After his defeat to Rome, he committed suicide at Panticapaeum in 63 B.C. In that same year, the city was partly destroyed by an earthquake.
GA86537. Silver hemiobol, Frolova, type I, 25 - 26; SNG Stancomb 511; SNG Fitzwilliam 1592; Klein 73; McClean II 4442; HGC 7 40 (R2), gF, toned, tight irregular flan, etched porous surfaces, weight 0.613 g, maximum diameter 9.1 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion (Kerch, Crimea) mint, c. 480 - 470 B.C.; obverse facing lion head; reverse quadripartite incuse square; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins; rare; $100.00 (€85.00)
 


Pantikapaion(?), Tauric Chersonesos, Thrace, c. 350 - 300 B.C.

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This type was minted with and without the Π on the reverse. Although not discussed in the references reviewed by Forum, we believe the Π on the reverse indicates this coin was struck at Pantikapaion.
GB90313. Bronze AE 10, SNG BM 727; SNG Stancomb 463; SNG Pushkin 607, Sutzu II 13, aVF, grainy, weight 1.182 g, maximum diameter 10.0 mm, die axis 0o, Pantikapaion(?) mint, c. 350 - 300 B.C.; obverse lion head right, mouth open; reverse star of six rays, Π - C-E-P between rays; $40.00 (€34.00)
 







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REFERENCES

Anokhin, V. Coins of Ancient Cities of North-Western Black Sea Area. (Kiev, 1989).
Burnett, A., M. Amandry, et al. Roman Provincial Coinage. (London, 1992 - ).
Corpus Nummorum Thracorum - http://www.corpus-nummorum.eu/
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. (London, 1961).
Frolova, N. Die frühe Münzprägung vom Kimmerischen Bosporos (Mitte 6. bis Anfang 4. Jh. v. Chr.): Die Münzen der Städte Pantikapaion, Theodosia, Numphaion und Phanagoria sowie der Sinder. (Berlin, 2004).
Hoover, O. Handbook of Coins of Northern and Central Anatolia, Pontos, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Phrygia, Galatia, Lykaonia, and Kappadokia (with Kolchis and the Kimmerian Bosporos), Fifth to First Centuries BC. HGC 7. (Lancaster, PA, 2012).
Klein, D. Sammlung von griechischen Kleinsilbermünzen und Bronzen. Nomismata 3. (Milano, 1999).
MacDonald, D. An Introduction to the History and Coinage of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. CNS 5. (Lancaster, 2005).
Poole, R. ed. A Catalog of the Greek Coins in the British Museum, Thrace, etc. (London, 1877).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sear, D. Greek Imperial Coins and Their Values. (London, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Volume 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Deutschland, München Staatlische Münzsammlung, Part 7: Taurische Chersonesos, Sarmatien, Dacia, Moesia superior, Moesia inferior. (Berlin, 1985).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume IX, British Museum, Part 1: The Black Sea. (London, 1993).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume XI, The William Stancomb Collection of Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Oxford, 2000).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Russia, State Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts: Coins of the Black Sea Region. (Leuven, Belgium, 2011).
Waggoner, N. Early Greek Coins from the Collection of Jonathan P. Rosen. ACNAC 5. (New York, 1983).
Zograph, A. Ancient Coinage. BAR Supplementary Series 33. (Oxford, 1977).

Catalog current as of Friday, July 20, 2018.
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Pantikapaion