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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>MedievalGold

Medieval Gold Coin


India, Tribal Issue, Sarabhapuriyas of Mahakosala (Chhattisgarh), Prasannamatra, c. 525 - 550 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Bracteates (a type of coin, not a denomination) were also minted in medieval Europe. They were made with very thin metal and were apparently made using a single die with the flan placed on a leather covered block, thus giving an intaglio reverse.
SH12098. Gold bracteate 12 rattis, Mitchiner ATEC 5207; cf. Baldwin 37 (4 May 2004), lot 1344; Mitchiner NI -, VF, weight 1.222 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, obverse uniface coin with Garuda bird flanked by discus and conch, Brahmi legend and jar below; extremely rare; SOLD

Islamic, Seljuqs of Nihawand, Sanjar, Mahmud II and Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush, AH 524, 1129 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the City of Noah. According to local lore, Nihawand was founded by Noah. On this type the city name is spelled Nuhavand (city of Noah).

Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush was a local ruler, mentioned in both Bundari and Ibn al-Athir, though neither gives him the title of Atabeg. He was Shahnah (governor) of Baghdad from 1124 - 1126 (AH 518 - 520) and was made Lord of Isfahan, c. 1141 (AH 536). He died 1145 or 1146 (AH 540 or 541).
IS48927. Gold 1/3 dinar, Album 1688B; Lowick NC 1970, 19 (or similar), aVF, irregular flan, weight 1.288 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 75o, Nihawand mint, AH 524; obverse Arabic inscriptions, mint and date in margin; reverse Arabic inscriptions, Qur. ix 33 in margin; battle axe left, cruciform sword right; reverse off center; rare; SOLD

Crusaders, Principality of Achaea, Robert d'Anjou (de Taranto), 1333 - 1364, Imitative Andrea Dandolo, Doge of Venezia
Click for a larger photo Venetian style imitative ducati copying the types of Andrea Dandolo and other doges are traditionally attributed to Robert d'Anjou (de Taranto) as Prince of Achaea. Widespread circulation and numerous varieties indicate some possibility they may have also been struck elsewhere, such as Chios under Genoa or Mytilene under the Gattilusi.
ME45452. Gold ducato, c.f Ives p. XIII; Schlumberger p. 21 and pl. XXI, 19 - 22; Gamberini 344; and Friedberg 38a var (K on obv), Superb EF, weight 3.479 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, uncertain mint, 1443 - 1454; obverse S/N / V/E/N/E/T/I D/V/X ANDR DANDVO (S and third N sideways), St. Mark standing right, receiving banner from Doge kneeling left; reverse SIT T XPE DAT Q TV RIZ IZTE DVCATT (S retrograde), Christ standing facing, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, surrounded by mandorla containing nine stars; ex CNG; SOLD

Crusaders, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Baldwin III, 1143 - 1163
Click for a larger photo This is the plate coin in Malloy, Preston and Seltman's "Coins of the Crusader States."

From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer for 40 years and co-author of "Coins of the Crusader States." Ex CNA IV mail bid sale, lot 400816, 21 Sep 1988.
SH32094. Gold cut fragment, Malloy Crusaders 59 and plate 1, 59 (this coin), VF, weight 0.623 g, maximum diameter 10.7 mm, obverse LE + C, six-pointed star pattern; reverse V : S, multifoil; SOLD

Republic of Venice, Doge Tomaso Mocenigo, 1414 - 1423
Click for a larger photo Tomaso Mocenigo was the fleet commander during the Crusade of Nicopolis.

Struck in near pure gold, the design of the Venetian gold ducat, or zecchino, remained unchanged for more than 500 years, from its introduction in 1284 to the conquest of Venice by Napoleon's troops in 1797. The reverse legend expands to Sit tibi, Christe, datus, quem tu regis, iste ducatus which translates "To thee, O'Christ, Duchy, which thou rulest, be dedicated."
SH39381. Gold zecchino, gVF, weight 3.152 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, obverse TOM MOCENIGO DVX S M VENETI, S. Marco and Doge kneeling, together holding banner; reverse SIT T XPE DAT Q TV REGIS ISTE DVCAT, Christ standing facing with halo, surrounded by nine stars; SOLD

Republic of Venice, Doge Domenico Contarini, 1659 - 1675, Imitative Issue
Click for a larger photo
SH53631. Gold ducato, Paolucci Type 105.1, gVF, weight 3.439 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 90o, uncertain Mediterranean mint, 1659 - 1675; obverse DOIMN GOENT S M VENET (S retrograde), St. Peter standing right, receiving banner from Doge kneeling left; reverse SIT T XPE DAT O TV REGIS ISTE DVIA (S's retrograde), Christ standing facing, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left, surrounded by mandorla containing eighteen stars; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo Munro-Hay lists two types for Ebana, one with the reverse legend reading Ebana (type 71) and the other reading Ezana (type 72). Three variants are listed for type 72. Type 72ii is described as, "a further rare variant, reads 'Ezana', with the letter Z in the form of a crooked N." The reverse legend on this coin starts after the cross at 3:00 and ends CN/\H/\.

Monro-Hay al-Madhariba p. 94, notes all Ezana reverse legend examples in the hoard were from a single die.
SH28942. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 72ii; Munro-Hay al-Madhariba p. 94, describes Ezana with cross bar on wheat stalk (al-M. 2); BMC Aksumite -, F, flan defect, rough cleaning, weight 1.583 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (reversed, blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wheat stalk with cross-bar or wheat stalk with short cruciform scepter in right; reverse +CΛC+ΛCΛ+CCN+ΛHΛ (blundered Greek, King Ezana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, wheat stalk and fly-whisk? in right; cleaning scratches; rare; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The Π type mint mark (South Arabian letter S) on the obverse was first identified by a single example in al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

On this coin the A's in the legend include crossbars (v shaped), which are missing on most Ebana coinage. This perhaps indicates this coin is from one of his very earliest issues.
SH28943. Gold unit, Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 288; Munro-Hay type 71, A97-99; BMC Aksumite -, gF, weight 1.592 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CAX+AZA+CAC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wheat stalk and fly-whisk? in right, dot and Π above head; reverse +BAC+ACA+CCB+ANA (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, wheat stalk and fly-whisk in right, dot above head; rare mintmark; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28939. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 306, aVF, weight 1.573 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The gold coins of Ebana are probably "tremisses" based on weight.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28941. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 65; BMC Aksumite 304, aVF, weight 1.527 g, maximum diameter 16.6 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right; reverse +BΛC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛNΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right; SOLD

Islamic, Samanid, Nuh bin Nasr, 331 - 343 AH, 943-954 A.D., Citing the Abbasid Caliph al Mustakfi
Click for a larger photo Nuh came to power after preventing a revolt against his father, Nasr. Several army officers, unhappy over Nasr's support of Ismaili missionaries, met to plot his assassination. Nuh learned of the meeting, arrived in surprise and killed the leader. To placate the others, he promised to put an end to the activities of the Ismailis, and convinced his father to abdicate in his favor.

A faithful supporter of the Abbasid caliph al-Mustakfi, Nuh struck coins in the caliph's name before he was elected, after he was deposed in 338H, and even after his death.

In the obverse margin legend, in the Qur'an verse "The Romans," Allah tells the believers that the Romans are defeated but they will gain a victory against Persians: "Within a few years. The command lies with Allah in the past instance as well as in the future. On that day the believers will rejoice." The prophecy is said to date shortly after the Byzantines (Romans) lost Jerusalem in 614 when Persians destroyed the Church of the Holy Sepulcher and seized the "True Cross." In 622, Heraclius gained a number of victories over the Persians and conquered Armenia.
SH65410. Gold dinar, Bernardi 353Pj, Album 1454, gVF, weight 4.293 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 180o, Nishapur mint, 340 AH; obverse margin: Qur, field: No God but Allah only and nobody is his partner in deity; reverse margin: Qur, field: For Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, al-Mustakfi billah caliph, amir Nuh, son of Nasr; ex Stack's Bowers and Ponterio sale 172, part of lot 11859; scarce; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, mid 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The rare obverse legend variation beginning CVN was used on two obverse dies.

The cross type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

The legends of Ebana's coins are debased Greek, with a random starting point, often reversed or upside down and with Λ for A, H for N, and C for B and E.
SH28938. Gold unit, Munro-Hay type 71, JJ 377 (same dies?, with CVN... obverse variation); Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 355 - 359; BMC Aksumite -, VF, weight 1.556 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CVN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, holding wheat stalk in right, small cross above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCC+ΛHΛ (blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, holding wheat stalk in right; SOLD

Republic of Venice, Doge Michele Steno, 1400 - 1413
Click for a larger photo Struck in near pure gold, the design of the Venetian gold ducat, or zecchino, remained unchanged for more than 500 years, from its introduction in 1284 to the conquest of Venice by Napoleon's troops in 1797. The reverse legend expands to Sit tibi, Christe, datus, quem tu regis, iste ducatus which translates "To thee, O'Christ, Duchy, which thou rulest, be dedicated."
SH39383. Gold zecchino, VF, weight 3.243 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 285o, obverse MICHAEL STEN DVX S M VENETI, S. Marco and Doge kneeling, together holding banner; reverse SIT T XPE DAT Q TV REGIS ISTE DVCAT, Christ standing facing with halo, surrounded by nine stars; SOLD

Aksumite Kingdom (Axum), Ebana, c. 5th Century A.D.
Click for a larger photo The disk and crescent type mint mark on the obverse was first identified in the al-Madhariba hoard, published in 1989. The coins of Ebana with mint marks appear to be the earlier issues.

In references, the mark over the king's head on the reverse is described as a dot. On this example it appears to be a star or cross.
SH28940. Gold unit, Munro-Hay al-Madhariba 249 - 257; Munro-Hay type 71; BMC Aksumite -, F, weight 1.554 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 0o, obverse +CIN+CΛX+ΛCΛ+CΛC (blundered Greek, interpretation uncertain), crowned and draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, short scepter in right, disk and crescent above head; reverse +BAC+ΛCΛ+CCB+ΛIΛ (or similar, blundered Greek, King Ebana), draped half-length bust of king right between two wheat stalks, wearing head cloth, fly-whisk in right, star or cross above head; SOLD

Islamic, Abbasid Caliphate, Abu-'Abdallah al-Mahdi, 775 - 785 A.D. (158 - 169 A.H.)
Click for a larger photo Al-Mahdi succeeded his father, al-Masur, as caliph. It was during his reign that paper was introduced from China following an Abbasid victory in 751 A.D. Al-Mahdi is also known to have been fond of erotic poetry and a great patron to erotic poets.
SH51934. Gold dinar, Album 214, VF, weight 4.224 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 161 AH (777 - 778 A.D.); obverse in center the first part of the Shahada "There is no God but Allah alone, with no partner with him", "Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, He sent him with guidance and the right religion to be shown all over the religions" around; all in Kufic script; reverse the second part of shahada: "Muhammad is the messenger of Allah", Bismillah (in the name of Allah), Dhuriba haza al-dinar (this dinar minted) sanat khams wa tis'ien wa mi'a (year 161); all in Kufic script; SOLD

Islamic, Seljuqs of Nihawand, Sanjar, Mahmud II and Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush, AH 511 - 525, 1118 - 1131 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the City of Noah. According to local lore, Nihawand was founded by Noah. On this type the city name is spelled Nuhavand (city of Noah).

Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush was a local ruler, mentioned in both Bundari and Ibn al-Athir, though neither gives him the title of Atabeg. He was Shahnah (governor) of Baghdad from 1124 - 1126 (AH 518 - 520) and was made Lord of Isfahan, c. 1141 (AH 536). He died 1145 or 1146 (AH 540 or 541).
IS48928. Gold 1/3 dinar, Lowick NC 1970, 17; Album 1688B; Hennequin -, aVF, weight 1.415 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 90o, Nihawand mint, AH 522, 1128 A.D.; obverse legend within and around border of dots; reverse legend within and round border of dots; scarce; SOLD

Islamic, Seljuqs of Nihawand, Sanjar, Mahmud II and Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush, AH 522, 1128 A.D.
Click for a larger photo From the City of Noah. According to local lore, Nihawand was founded by Noah. On this type the city name is spelled Nuhavand (city of Noah).

Sa`d al-Dawla Yurunqush was a local ruler, mentioned in both Bundari and Ibn al-Athir, though neither gives him the title of Atabeg. He was Shahnah (governor) of Baghdad from 1124 - 1126 (AH 518 - 520) and was made Lord of Isfahan, c. 1141 (AH 536). He died 1145 or 1146 (AH 540 or 541).
IS49626. Gold 1/3 dinar, Lowick NC 1970, 17; Album 1688B; Hennequin -, VF, weight 1.401 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, Nihawand mint, AH 522; obverse Arabic inscriptions, mint and date in margin; reverse Arabic inscriptions, star ornament above, Qur. ix 33 in margin; scarce; SOLD

Kadam, India, Yadavas of Devagiri, Ramachandra, c. 1270 - 1311
Click for a larger photo
SH48285. Gold padmatanka, Friedberg 390, VF, weight 3.768 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, obverse lotus punch in center, conch punch above, sri to left and right, Sri Rama punch below; reverse blank; SOLD

Islamic, Fatimid Caliphate, Al'Aziz Abu al Mansur Nazar, 975 - 996 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
SH32869. Gold dinar, Album 703; Mitchiner WOI 547 (366 AH), aVF, weight 4.050 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, Misr (Cairo) mint, 371 AH; SOLD

Empire of Nicaea, John III Ducas-Vatatzes, c. 15 December 1221 - 3 November 1254
Click for a larger photo
SH10987. Gold hyperpyron, SBCV 2073, VF+, weight 4.466 g, maximum diameter 29.4 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia mint, 1222 - 1254; obverse IC - XC, Christ enthroned facing, raising right; reverse John standing left, crowned by Virgin Mary, MP ΘV above, blundered legend; full flan, ex Colosseum Coin Exchange; SOLD


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Catalog current as of Friday, December 19, 2014.
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Medieval Gold