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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |England||View Options:  |  |  | 

English Hammered and Early Milled Coins
Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

|France|, |Anglo-Gallic,| |Henry| |VI| |de| |Lancastre,| |King| |of| |France| |and| |England,| |1422| |-| |1453|, |grand| |blanc| |aux| |cus|
In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne from his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
WO95135. Silver grand blanc aux cus, Elias 281a (RR), Ciani 602, Duplessy 445, Lafaurie 449, SCBC-SII 8166; cross ancre (anchored) mint mark, aVF, toned, weight 3.019 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Auxerre mint, authorized 23 Nov 1422; obverse (cross ancre) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS (no abbreviation mark) above; reverse (cross ancre) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICTV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; ex Classical Numismatic Auctions XX (25 March 1992), lot 1465 (catalog online); very rare; $275.00 SALE |PRICE| $225.00


Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453

|France|, |Anglo-Gallic,| |Henry| |VI| |de| |Lancastre,| |King| |of| |France| |and| |England,| |1422| |-| |1453|, |grand| |blanc| |aux| |cus|
In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne from his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.
WO95132. Silver grand blanc aux cus, Elias 288, Ciani 602, Duplessy 445, Lafaurie 449, SCBC-SII 8166; lis mint mark, VF, toned, areas of weak strike, weight 3.148 g, maximum diameter 29.3 mm, die axis 270o, St L mint, 23 Nov 1422 - 1449; obverse (lis mm) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS above; reverse (lis mm) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS below; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $235.00 SALE |PRICE| $185.00


England, Mary Tudor, 1553 - 1554 A.D.

|England|, |England,| |Mary| |Tudor,| |1553| |-| |1554| |A.D.|, |groat|
Mary I, also known as Mary Tudor, was the queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death in 1558. She is best known for her vigorous attempt to reverse the English Reformation, which had begun during the reign of her father, Henry VIII. Mary was the only child of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive to adulthood. When Edward became mortally ill in 1553, he attempted to remove Mary from the line of succession because he supposed, correctly, that she would reverse the Protestant reforms that had begun during his reign.
WO91873. Silver groat, North 1960, SCBC 2492, aF, toned, scratches, pitting, weight 1.768 g, maximum diameter 24.3 mm, die axis 0o, Tower (London) mint, sole reign, 1553 - 1554 A.D.; obverse mARIA. D. G. AnG. FRA. Z. hIB. REGI (apostrophe over annulet stops), crowned bust left; reverse VERITAS TEMPORIS FILIA, coat-of-arms over long cross fourche (forked cross); $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $152.00


Manilla, Money of the Slave Trade, British, Middle - Late Period, c. 18th - early 19th Century

|Africa|, |Manilla,| |Money| |of| |the| |Slave| |Trade,| |British,| |Middle| |-| |Late| |Period,| |c.| |18th| |-| |early| |19th| |Century|, |Manilla|
Manillas are brass or copper bracelet-shaped objects, used as money in West Africa, from about the 16th century to the late 1940s. They are usually horseshoe-shaped, with terminations that face each other and are roughly lozenge-shaped. Manillas were first used as money in Calabar an ancient kingdom on the southeast coast of Nigeria. In 1505, a slave could be bought in Calabar for 8-10 manillas. In 1522, in Benin a female slave 16 years of age cost 50 manillas. The price of a slave varied considerably over time, by place, and by the type of manilla. After Bristol entered the African trade, manillas were made in England for export, at first in Bristol, later in Birmingham. A typical voyage took manillas and brass objects such as pans and basins to West Africa, then slaves to America, then cotton back to the mills of Europe. Bristol merchants were responsible for shipping more than 500,000 enslaved African people to the Caribbean and North America. In 1902 the import of manillas to Nigeria was prohibited. They were, however, still in regular use in 1948 when the British bought up over 32 million pieces and resold them in Europe as scrap. A lingering reminder of the slave trade, manillas ceased to be legal tender in British West Africa on 1 April 1949. People were permitted to keep a maximum of 200 for use as a symbol of wealth in ceremonies such as marriages and funerals. Manillas may still occasionally be used as money in remote villages in Burkina Faso.
AS96171. Copper Manilla, British, middle - late period, Birmingham, weight 69.2g, 68mm across, 65mm tall, 7mm gauge, teardrop foot 18mm wide x 21 mm long, $25.00 SALE |PRICE| $22.00 ON RESERVE







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REFERENCES|

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Dumas, F. "Les Monnaies normandes (Xe-XIIe sicles) avec un rpertoire des trouvailles" in RN 1979, pp. 84-140, pl. XV - XXI.
Elias, E.R.D. The Anglo-Gallic Coins. (Paris/London, 1984).
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Sharp, M. "The Tower shillings of Charles I and their influence on the Aberystwyth issue" in BNJ XLVII (1977).
Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles, The Norweb Collection, Tokens of the British Isles, 1575-1750. (London, 1984 - 2000).
Williamson, G. Trade Tokens Issued in the Seventeenth Century in England, Wales and Ireland, by Corporations, Merchants, Tradesmen, etc. (London, 1889 - 1891).
Wilson, A. & M. Rasmussen. English Pattern Trial and Proof Coins in Gold 1547-1968. (Cambridge, 2000).
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Withers, P., B. Withers, & S. Ford. Anglo-Gallic Coins - Monnaies Anglo-Francaises. (Llanfyllin, 2015).
Woodhead, P. & D. Liddell. The Herbert Schneider Collection, Vol. I, English Gold Coins and their Imitations, Henry III to Elizabeth I, 1257-1603. (London, 1996).
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