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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Medieval & Modern Coins ▸ SyriaView Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Syria

Crusaders, Principality of Antioch, Bohemond III, 1163 - 1201 A.D.

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Bohemond III of Antioch also known as the Stammerer or the Stutterer, was Prince of Antioch from 1163 to his death. He was a son of Constance of Antioch by her first husband Raymond of Poitiers. His name is sometimes spelled Bohemund.
ME85297. Billon denier, Metcalf Crusades, class C, 388; Malloy Crusaders 66a, Choice VF, light toning, light marks and encrustations, weight 18.1 g, maximum diameter 0.94 mm, die axis 315o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 1163 - 1201 A.D.; obverse +BOAMVNDVS (A with annulets), helmeted bust left, in chain armor composed of upward crescents, helmet ornamented with a cross patte, crescent with horns up left, five-pointed star right; reverse +ANTIOCHIA (A's with annulets, C with double bar and wedges), cross patte, crescent horns toward center in second quarter; ex Manfra, Tordella, and Brookes (N.Y.C., 1966); ex Aleppo Hoard of Crusaders' Coins; $150.00 (133.50)


Crusaders(?), Imitative of Zangids of Syria, c. 1146 - 1200 A.D.,

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This coin is a crude imitative of an Islamic fals of the Zangids of Syria, Nur al-Din Mahmud, struck at Halab (Aleppo, Syria), 1146 - 1173 (Spengler-Sayles 73, Album 1850). That type was itself also imitative, copying a Byzantine follis of Constantine X, struck at Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey), 1059 - 1067 (DOC III 8, SBCV 1853). The quality of the Zangids fals vary greatly and it can be difficult to distinguish between Halab mint issues and imitatives. This example is very crude and if any can be attributed to the crusaders, this is one.
BZ77974. Bronze follis, Malloy Crusaders -; cf. Spengler-Sayles 73 (notes "barbaric" imitations), Album 1850 (notes imitations are perhaps struck by the Crusaders), F, desert patina, tight flan, weight 2.798 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 180o, uncertain mint, c. 1150 - 1200 A.D.; obverse two Byzantine style imperial figures (Constantine X and Eudocia) standing facing, supporting between them labarum resting on three steps, EX downward on left, imitation of Kufic legend inner left; reverse Christ standing facing, nimbate, book of Gospels in left hand, right hand on hip, IC - XC flanking head, blundered imitation of legend around; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren; $140.00 (124.60)


Byzantine Empire, Palaestina or Syria, c. 450 - 500 A.D.

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This object, from the Alex Malloy Collection, was held by him for decades, only speculatively attributed as probably Islamic. The referenced recent article by Farhi indicates another possible attribution. As discussed by Farhi, in the second half of the 5th century, besides Byzantine nummi, low-value currency in Palaestina appears to have included similar sized centuries old Jewish prutah, cast Axumite imitations, and even bronze and lead blank flans. Many fragments of lead mirror frames, found over many years, appear to have been cut around decorative star-like or floral patterns to look like coins. They were almost certainly used as coins. The lead mirror frame fragment "coins" in Farhi have different patterns and are blank on one side, but this object is very similar.
BZ53343. Lead nummus, fragment of ornamented lead object coinage(?); See Farhi, H. "Note on Two Types of Byzantine Lead Currency" in INR 8 (2013) for similar examples, weight 2.836 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, ex Alex G. Malloy Collection; $50.00 (44.50)







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Catalog current as of Wednesday, August 16, 2017.
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Syrian Coins