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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Italy PAGE 2/4«««1234»»»

Medieval Coins of Italy


Kingdom of Naples, Charles VIII of France, 22 February - 7 July 1495
Click for a larger photo Charles VIII of France invaded Italy with 25,000 men (including 8,000 Swiss mercenaries) in September 1494 and marched across the peninsula virtually unopposed. The French Army subdued Pavia, Pisa and Florence on their way south and took Naples on 22 Feb 1495 without a pitched battle or siege. Alfonso was expelled and Charles was crowned King of Naples. The other Italian rulers, including the Pope and Ludovico of Milan, formed an anti-French coalition, the League of Venice, which forced Charles to flee back to France. Charles' garrisons in Naples were subdued by Aragonese allies of Alfonso on 7 July 1495.
ME66309. Bronze cavallo, Biaggi 2639 (NC), MIR 10 788 var (obv leg), MEC 14 1055 ff. var (obv leg), F, weight 1.735 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sulmona mint, 22 Feb - 7 Jul 1495; obverse KROLVS D G R FRA SIC I •, crown above three lis, SMPE below; reverse XPS VIN XPS RE XPS IM, Jerusalem cross; $150.00 (€112.50)

Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Click for a larger photo Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66316. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 231 (R2), F, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX ARA, two flints and two flint locks forming a cross, a flame in each angle; reverse SICILIAE ET HIERVSA, crown, two crossed scepters inside; rare; $150.00 (€112.50)

Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554
Click for a larger photo Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles's motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.
ME66324. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 155/3 var (normal obv legend ends IMP RO, MIR notes legend variations exist), F, weight 3.115 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, Naples mint, obverse CAROLVS • IIII • RO • IMP (sic), bare head right, A under neck; reverse + REX ARAGO VTRIVS, imperial crown; rare variety; $150.00 (€112.50)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258
Click for a larger photo Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME70458. Billon denaro, MIR 10 310 (R3), MEC Italy III 590, Biaggi 482 var (R, no R at end of reverse legend), Spahr 166, VF, centered, weight 0.764 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, obverse •+• C•SECVNDVS, crowned eagle facing with head left; reverse •+• IER ET SICIL'•R, cross pattée, pellet in third and fourth quarters; rare; $130.00 (€97.50)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Click for a larger photo Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66317. Bronze tornese, MIR Napoli 225 var (unlisted control symbol), aF, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1619; obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX, cornucopia overflowing with bunches of grapes, other fruit, and stalks of grain, 16-19 flanking across field; reverse * VIGILAT ET CVSTODIT (watches and keeps), recumbent lion atop round altar with ornamented side, MV (control symbol) below; rare (R2); $120.00 (€90.00)

Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Click for a larger photo Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66318. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 225/6, aF, weight 3.954 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Naples mint, 1620; obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX, cornucopia overflowing with bunches of grapes, other fruit, and stalks of grain, 16-20 flanking across field; reverse * VIGILAT ET CVSTODIT (watches and keeps), recumbent lion atop round altar with ornamented side; rare (R2); $120.00 (€90.00)

Republic of Ancona, Italy, c. 1250 - 1348 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Ancona, on the Adriatic Sea in Le Marche, is 280 km northeast of Rome. During this period Ancona was an oligarchic republic, ruled by six elected Elders. In 1348, after the city was weakened by the black death and a fire that destroyed many important buildings, the Malatesta took control but they were ousted in 1383. In 1532 Ancona lost its freedom and became part of the Papal States, under Pope Clement VII.
ME66615. Billon denaro, Biaggi 33, VF, centered, weight 0.615 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, Ancona mint, c. 1250 - 1348 A.D.; obverse +•PP•S•QVI•RI•A•, CVS around central pellet within inner border; reverse +•DE•ANCONA•, cross pattée within inner border; $110.00 (€82.50)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254
Click for a larger photo Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME67673. Billon mezzo denaro, apparently unpublished half denaro; cf. full denaro: MEC Italy III 585 ff., Biaggi 1269, Spahr 155, gVF, nice dark green patina, weight 0.377 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 90o, Messina mint, 1250 - 1254; obverse •+• CONRADVS, cross cantonnée with rhomboid in 1st and 4th quarters; reverse + IERL' ET. SICIL (Jerusalem and Sicily), Ω over RX; extremely rare; $110.00 (€82.50)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254
Click for a larger photo Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV.
ME70455. Billon denier, MIR 10 301 (NC), MEC Italy III 577 - 578, Biaggi 476, Spahr 158, aVF, weight 0.527 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Brindisi mint, obverse + • IERVSALEM •, C•O / R, --- above, within inner border; reverse + • ET • SICIL' • REX •, cross pattée, within inner border; $110.00 (€82.50)

Kingdom of Naples, Ferdinand I of Aragon, 1458 - 1494
Click for a larger photo
ME58623. Bronze cavello, cf. MEC Italy III 1014, Biaggi 503 (R3), aF, weight 1.061 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 180o, Naples mint, 1472 - 1488; obverse FERRANDVS REX (or simlar), radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse EQVITAS REGNI, horse prancing right, rosette above, annulet and T flanked by a rossete on each side in exergue; very rare; $105.00 (€78.75)



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REFERENCES

Anastasi, M. Monete Bizantine di Sicilia. (NP, 2009).
Bellinger, A.R. and P. Grierson, eds. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. (1966 - 1999).
Berman, A. G. Papal Coins. (New York, 1991).
Biaggi, E. Monete e Zecche medievali Italiane dal Sec. VIII al Sec. XV. (Torino, 1992).
Corpus Nummorum Italicorum. (Rome, 1910-1943).
Erslev, K. Medieval Coins in the Christian J. Thomsen Collection. (South Salem, NY, 1992).
Grierson, P. & L. Travaini. Medieval European Coinage, Volume 14: Italy III: South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia. (Cambridge, 1998).
Hahn, W. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. (Vienna, 1973-81).
Lunardi, G. Le Monete della Repubblica di Genova. (Genoa, 1975).
Metlich, M. A. The Coinage of Ostrogothic Italy. (London, 2004).
Monete Italiane Regionali. (Pavia, 1996 - present).
Pannuti, M & V. Ricco. Le monete de Napoli. Nummorum Auctiones S.A., Lugano. (Naples, 1984).
Sear, D.R. Byzantine Coins and Their Values. (London, 1987).
Travaini, L. "Hohenstaufen and Angevin denari of Sicily and Southern Italy: their mint attributions" in NC 1993.
Wroth, W. Catalogue of the Coins of the Vandals, Ostrogoths, Lombards and of the Empires of Thessalonica, Nicaea, and Trebizond in the British Museum. (London, 1911).

Catalog current as of Monday, September 22, 2014.
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Medieval Italy