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Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258
Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigor in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.ME70458. Billon denaro, MIR 10 310 (R3), MEC Italy III 590, Biaggi 482 var. (no R at end of reverselegend), Spahr 166, VF, centered, weight 0.764 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1254 - 1258; obverse •+• C•SECVNDVS, crowned eagle facing with head left; reverse •+• IER ET SICIL'•R, cross pattée, pellet in second and third quarters; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250
Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.ME71104. Billon denaro, MIR 10 296 (R), MEC Italy III -, Biaggi -, VF, perfect centering, full legends, weight 0.868 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1248 A.D.; obverse +ROM IMPR SEP AVG, FR, omega above; reverse + R EIRSL ET SICIL, cross pattée; rare; $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250
Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.ME73014. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 549, MIR 10 282 (NC), Biaggi 455 (NC), Spahr 121, F, little wear but corrosion, weight 0.582 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, Brindisi mint, 1239; obverse F•- IM-PER-ATO-R•, long cross intersecting legend; reverse R•I-ER'-ET•S-ICL'•, crowned head superimposed at center on long cross intersecting legend; $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Sicily, Manfred von Hohenstaufen, 1258 - 1266
Manfred was frequently in conflict with the Papacy and was excommunicated by three different popes. In the Divine Comedy, Dante meets Manfred outside the gates of Purgatory, where the spirit explains that, although he repented of his sins in the moment of death, he must atone by waiting 30 years for each year he lived as an excommunicate, before being admitted to Purgatory proper. Queen Elizabeth is a descendant of King Manfred. ME73619. Bronze denaro, MIR 10 482 (NC, Manfredonia), MEC Italy III 613, Spahr 208, Biaggi -, VF, weight 0.600 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi or Manfredonia mint, 1258 - 1264; obverse + •AyNFR'•REX• (NF ligate), •m•; reverse + •SICILIE•, cross pattée; $70.00 (€59.50)
Kingdom of Sicily, Henry VI (HRE), 1194 - 1197
Henry VI was King of Germany from 1190 - 1197, Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 - 1197, and King of Sicily from 1194 - 1197. In 1197, his German soldiers mercilessly suppressed a revolt in Italy, especially in southern Sicily. In this same year, Henry prepared for a Crusade, but, on 28 September, he died of malaria (or he may have been poisoned) in Messina. His son, Frederick II, inherited both the Kingdom of Sicily and the Imperial crown.ME66349. Billon denaro, MIR 10 256 (NC), MEC Italy III 485, Biaggi 434 (NC), VF, nice green patina, weight 0.792 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 135o, Brindisi mint, 1194 - 1196; obverse HE •INPERATOR (HE ligate), cross pattée, six pointed star in the third and fourth quarters; reverse C INPERATRIX•, Ω (suspension mark) over A•P; rare; $65.00 (€55.25)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.ME66617. Billon denaro, MIR 10 343 (R), MEC Italy III 634, Spahr 35, Biaggi -, VF, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 16.0 mm, die axis 45o, Brindisi mint, 1266 - 1278; obverse + DEI GRA REX• SICIL•, KAR (AR ligate), Ω above; reverse DVC APVL' ET PRIC CAP, cross pattée, the horizontal beam a heraldic label with four pendants, a lis in each lower quarter; rare; $65.00 (€55.25)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad I, King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1250 - 1254
Conrad was the son of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor. In Sicily he was Conrad I, but by other German titles he was known as Conrad IV. ME70455. Billon denier, MIR 10 301 (NC), MEC Italy III 577 - 578, Biaggi 476, Spahr 158, aVF, weight 0.527 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 270o, Brindisi mint, obverse + • IERVSALEM •, C•O / R, --- above, within inner border; reverse + • ET • SICIL' • REX •, cross pattée, within inner border; $65.00 (€55.25)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714. ME66317. Bronze tornese, MIR Napoli 225 var. (unlisted control symbol), aF, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1619; obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX, cornucopia overflowing with bunches of grapes, other fruit, and stalks of grain, 16-19 flanking across field; reverse * VIGILAT ET CVSTODIT (watches and keeps), recumbent lion atop round altar with ornamented side, MV (control symbol) below; rare (R2); $60.00 (€51.00)
Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714. ME66318. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 225/6, aF, weight 3.954 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 180o, Naples mint, 1620; obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX, cornucopia overflowing with bunches of grapes, other fruit, and stalks of grain, 16-20 flanking across field; reverse * VIGILAT ET CVSTODIT (watches and keeps), recumbent lion atop round altar with ornamented side; rare (R2); $60.00 (€51.00)
Kingdom of Naples, Joanna of Castile and Charles V, 1516 - 1519
Joanna of Castile, known as Joanna the Mad, was the daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile. She was a great beauty in her youth, and one of the most educated women in Europe, fluent in several languages. At 17 Joanna married Philip the Handsome, who was crowned King of Castile in 1506, initiating the rule of the Habsburgs in Spain. After Philip's death that same year, Joanna became mentally ill and was confined to a nunnery for the rest of her life. Though she remained the legal queen of Castile throughout this time, her father, Ferdinand II of Aragon, was regent until his death, when she inherited his kingdom as well. From 1516, her son, Charles, ruled as king in her name.ME70802. Bronze half sestino, MIR Napoli 123/1 (R3), aF, weight 1.470 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 90o, Naples mint, 1516 - 1519; obverse + LETICIA POPVLI, radiate crown over •I•C•; reverse IVSTVS • REX, cross potent; very rare; $60.00 (€51.00)
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