Byzantine Empire, Tiberius II Constantine, 26 September 578 - 14 August 582 A.D.
This type was traditionally attributed entirely to Ravenna. Hahn suggested a Sicilian attribution in The Numismatic Circular, 1979, p. 553. Anastasi, differentiates between Ravenna and Sicilian issues; Sicilian issues having a different style of crown, a higher globus cruciger, and a longer face with a strong similarity to portraits of Maurice Tiberius on decanummi from Catania. Anastasi also notes the style he identifies as Sicilian is frequently found on the island. This example appears to have the style of Ravenna.
BZ54796. Bronze decanummium, SBCV 472, DOC I 66, Hahn MIB II 67; cf. Anastasi 3 (Sicilain mint), aVF, edge chip, weight 1.805 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 0o, Ravenna(?) mint, 578 - 582 A.D.; obverse Dm [CON...?]-AIPPVC (sic, or similar), crowned and cuirassed facing bust, large crown, globus cruciger in right; reverse large I between crosses, all within wreath; scarce; $105.00 (€78.75)
Norman Italy, Duchy of Apulia, William II, 1111 - 1127 A.D.
The Norman County of Apulia was founded by William of Hauteville in 1043. Robert Guiscard established the Duchy of Apulia in 1059. William II was respected by his contemporaries, popular with his barons and subjects, and praised for his martial prowess, but is considered insignificant by modern historians. After the Norman conquest of Sicily in the late 11th century, Apulia became a mere province, first of the Kingdom of Sicily, then of the Kingdom of Naples. From the late 12th to early 13th centuries, Apulia was a favorite residence of the Hohenstaufen emperors, notably Frederick II.
ME68459. Bronze reduced follaro, MEC Italy III 139 ff.; MIR 10, 591; Biaggi 2277; CNI XVIII p. 322, 15, F, obverse off center, weight 1.506 g, maximum diameter 13.6 mm, die axis 315o, Salerno mint, 1119 - 1127; obversenimbatebust of Saint Matthew facing, S - M across field; reversecross, V-V / DV-X in quarters; $100.00 (€75.00)
Republic of Genoa, Italy, 1139 - 1339, Struck in the Name of Conrad II
ME58626. Billon medagalia, Biaggi 836, CNI III 77, F, weight 0.380 g, maximum diameter 12.8 mm, Genoa mint, c. 1272; obverse + · IA · NV · A, castle facade; reverse CVNRADI · REX, cross pattée within inner border; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Kingdom of Naples, Charles V HRE, 1516 - 1556
ME58630. Bronze cavallo, cf. MIR Napoli 156, Pannuti and Ricco 47, F, scrapes, weight 1.510 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 315o, Naples mint, c. 1543; obverse PLVS : VLTRA, the Pillars of Hercules, banner over trefoil (clover-leaf?) in center, crown above; reverse IVSTVS : REX, cross potent, annulets in quarters; very rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Lot of 2 denari, Kingdom of Naples, Italy, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1309
ME58632. Billon or bronze Lot, 2 denari gherardino, Biaggi 1633, MEC Italy III 693 - 694, MIR Napoli 26; one billon (0.524 g, 15.7 mm); and one bronze (0.502 g, 16.3 mm), aVF, Naples mint, 1299 - 1309; obverse + KAROL SCD REX, heraldic label with one lis above and three below; reverse + : IERL: ET: SICIL, cross potent; rare; $90.00 (€67.50)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Conrad II (Conradin), King of Jerusalem and Sicily, 1254 - 1258
Conrad II in Sicily was officially Conrad III in Jerusalem but was called "the Younger" or "the Boy," and most often the diminutive "Conradin." Conradin was an infant when he assumed the throne. Manfred his regent, although only about 18 years old, acted loyally and with vigour in the execution of his trust. However, upon a false rumor of Conradin's death, Manfred was crowned king 1258 and refused to abdicate when the rumor was proved false. Pope Clement IV defeated and killed Manfred. At age 16, Conradin was defeated and beheaded by Charles of Anjou, ending the legitimate Hohenstaufen line.
ME56822. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 597, Biaggi 484, aVF, ragged flan, crack, weight 0.645 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, Brindisi mint, obverse + SECVNDVS• R, C in center surrounded by four crescents; reverse + IERL ET SICIL', cross with crescent in each quarter; encrustations; rare; $70.00 (€52.50)
Kingdom of Naples, Ferdinand I of Naples, 1458 - 1494
Jacob Burckhardt said of Ferdinand, "Besides hunting, which he practiced regardless of all rights of property, his pleasures were of two kinds: he liked to have his opponents near him, either alive in well-guarded prisons, or dead and embalmed, dressed in the costume which they wore in their lifetime." Fearing no one, he would take great pleasure in conducting his guests on a tour of his prized museum of mummies.
ME56829. Bronze denaro, MEC Italy III 969 (Type B), Biaggi 1681, aVF, flat strike areas, weight 0.319 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, Naples mint, Second Coinage, 1462 - 1467; obverse + FERDINANDVS DG, king seated facing, scepter in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse + SICILIE IERVASE:VN, cross potent; $70.00 (€52.50)
Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Philip IV, 31 March 1621 - 17 September 1665
ME58622. Bronze tornese, MIR Napoli 271/3, Pannuti and Ricco 109a, Krause 77, aVF, weight 4.268 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, moneyer Giovanni Andrea Cavo, 1647; obverse PHILIPP IIII DG R, bare-headed, draped bust of Philip left, 47 below; reverse golden fleece, 4 - 7 across field, all within laurel wreath; $70.00 (€52.50)
Kingdom of Naples, Robert of Anjou (the Wise), 1309 - 1343 A.D.
ME58635. Billon denaro gherardino, MEC Italy III 718 - 719, Biaggi 1637, MIR Napoli 29, gF, weight 0.524 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Naples mint, 1309 - 1343 A.D.; obverse + ROBERTV DEI GRA, heraldic label with one lis above and three below; reverse + IERL ET SICIL' REX, cross potent; $70.00 (€52.50)
Kingdom of Sicily, Charles of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Charles received the Kingdom of Sicily as a papal grant but had to take it by force from the Hohenstaufen. In 1282, he was expelled from Sicily by rebellion. He continued to claim the island, but ruled only the peninsula from his capital at Naples. By conquest he became King of Albania in 1272, by purchase King of Jerusalem in 1277, and he inherited the Principality of Achaea in 1278.
ME54085. Billon dinero, MEC Italy III 628 - 632, Biaggi 1287, F, weight 0.629 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, Messina mint, 1266 - 1278; obverse + K DEI GRA REX SICILIE, cross with pellet at each end; reverse + DVC APVL' PRIC CAPVE, SICIL', lis above, rosette below; rare; $55.00 (€41.25)