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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>Italy PAGE 2/7«««12345»»»

Medieval Coins of Italy

Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1198 - 1250
Click for a larger photo Frederick II was one of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors of the Middle Ages. At two he was crowned King of Sicily, co-ruler with his mother Constance, the daughter of Roger II of Sicily. In 1220, he was made King of the Romans, and as such, King of Germany, of Italy, and of Burgundy. He became King of Jerusalem through marriage and the Sixth Crusade. Due to frequent disputes with the Papacy, he was excommunicated four times and Pope Gregory IX called him the Antichrist. An avid patron of science and the arts, he spoke Latin, Sicilian, German, French, Greek and Arabic.
ME66344. Billon denaro, MIR 10 292 (R), MEC Italy III 566, Biaggi 470 (NC), Choice VF, weight 0.724 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1247 - 1248; obverse + ROM INPERATOR (INP ligate), FR in center, --- above, six pointed star below; reverse + R IERSL' ET SICL', circle upon cross pattée; rare; $150.00 (€130.50)

Kingdom of Naples, Charles II of Anjou, 1285 - 1309
Click for a larger photo When his father died, Charles was a prisoner of Peter III of Aragon. King Edward I of England mediated peace, and Charles was liberated on the condition that he was to retain Naples alone. Sicily was left to the Aragonese. Three of his sons and 60 nobles were sent as hostages for his release. Pope Nicholas IV immediatly absolved Charles from all the conditions he had sworn to observe, crowned him King of Sicily in 1289, and excommunicated King Alfonso III of Aragon. The two sides fought for the next 13 years until Charles finally gave up all rights to Sicily, agreed to marry his daughter Eleanor to King Frederick, and lived the rest of his life peacefully in Naples.
ME65257. Billon denaro, MIR Napoli 25, Biaggi 1631, MEC Italy III 689, VF, toned, grainy, weight 0.554 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 45o, Naples mint, 1290 - 1292; obverse +: KARL': SCD': REX:, crowned bust facing; reverse +: IERL': ET: SICIL':, cross fleurée; $145.00 (€126.15)

Normans, Kingdom of Sicily, Roger II, 1105 - 1154 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Roger II was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count of Sicily in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria in 1127, and then King of Sicily in 1130. Roger II is remembered for having united all of the Norman conquests in Italy under one strong central government. He was also the grandfather of Frederick II.
ME66350. Bronze follaro, MIR 10 133 (R2), MEC Italy III -; CNI XVIII -, Fair, weight 0.852 g, maximum diameter 11.5 mm, die axis 135o, Bari mint, 1139 - 1154 A.D.; obverse half-length figure of St. Demetrius standing facing, nimbate, transverse spear in right, shield in left; reverse pseudo-Kufic one-line inscription, cross above; very rare; $140.00 (€121.80)

Kingdom of Sicily, Henry VI (HRE) and Constance, 1194 - 1196
Click for a larger photo Constance was the posthumous daughter of Roger II by his third wife Beatrice of Rethel and heiress of the Norman kings of Sicily. She was Queen of Sicily from 1194 to 1198, jointly with her husband, Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, from 1194 to 1197, and with her infant son Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, in 1198.
ME67672. Billon denaro, MEC Italy III 483, Spahr 28, VF, toned, well centered on tight flan, weight 0.669 g, maximum diameter 14.0 mm, die axis 180o, Messina or Palermo mint, 1195 - 1196; obverse C IMPERATRIX, eagle facing, head left, wings open; reverse + E INPERATOR, cross pattée; $140.00 (€121.80)

Kingdom of Sicily, Frederick II (HRE), 1197 - 1250
Click for a larger photo Frederick was born in Catania. In his youth, his reign was under the control of powerful Sicilian barons, and was plagued by wars with the Kingdom of Naples and by the Black Death, which killed his elder brother and predecessor. In 1372 he was able to come to peace terms with Naples and Pope Gregory IX.
ME70452. Billon denaro, MIR 10 286, MEC Italy III 555, Biaggi 459 (NC), Spahr 128, VF, centered, earthen fill, weight 0.697 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, Brindisi mint, 1243; obverse + F ROM IMPR SEP AVG', bare head right; reverse +•R• IERSL' ET SICIL'•, eagle standing facing, head right, wings open; $140.00 (€121.80)

Kingdom of Naples, Charles VIII of France, 22 February - 7 July 1495
Click for a larger photo Charles VIII of France invaded Italy with 25,000 men (including 8,000 Swiss mercenaries) in September 1494 and marched across the peninsula virtually unopposed. The French Army subdued Pavia, Pisa and Florence on their way south and took Naples on 22 Feb 1495 without a pitched battle or siege. Alfonso was expelled and Charles was crowned King of Naples. The other Italian rulers, including the Pope and Ludovico of Milan, formed an anti-French coalition, the League of Venice, which forced Charles to flee back to France. Charles' garrisons in Naples were subdued by Aragonese allies of Alfonso on 7 July 1495.
ME66309. Bronze cavallo, Biaggi 2639 (NC), MIR 10 788 var (obv leg), MEC Italy III 1055 ff. var (obv leg), F, weight 1.735 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Sulmona mint, 22 Feb - 7 Jul 1495; obverse KROLVS D G R FRA SIC I •, crown above three lis, SMPE below; reverse XPS VIN XPS RE XPS IM, Jerusalem cross; $135.00 (€117.45)

Kingdom of Naples, Phillip III of Spain, 13 September 1598 - 31 March 1621
Click for a larger photo Naples was ruled by the Crown of Aragon as part of the Spanish Empire from 1504 to 1714.
ME66316. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 231 (R2), F, uneven strike, tight flan, weight 2.182 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, Naples mint, obverse + PHILIPP III D G REX ARA, two flints and two flint locks forming a cross, a flame in each angle; reverse SICILIAE ET HIERVSA, crown, two crossed scepters inside; rare; $135.00 (€117.45)

Kingdom of Naples, Charles V (HRE), 1516 - 1554
Click for a larger photo Though always at war, Charles was a lover of peace. "Not greedy of territory," wrote Marcantonio Contarini in 1536, "but most greedy of peace and quiet." Charles pushed for the convocation of the Council of Trent, which began the Counter-Reformation. It was during Charles reign that Spain conquered the Aztecs of Mexico and Incas of Peru, and then extended its control across much of South and Central America. Charles provided five ships to Ferdinand Magellan whose voyage was the first circumnavigation of the Earth. He retired in 1556. The Habsburg Monarchy passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, and the Spanish Empire was inherited by his son Philip II. The two empires would remain allies until the 18th century. Charles was only 54 when he retired, but after 34 years of energetic rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery where he died aged 58. Charles' motto, Plus Ultra ('Further Beyond'), became the national motto of Spain.
ME66324. Bronze 2 cavalli, MIR Napoli 155/3 var (normal obv legend ends IMP RO, MIR notes legend variations exist), F, weight 3.115 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, Naples mint, obverse CAROLVS • IIII • RO • IMP (sic), bare head right, A under neck; reverse + REX ARAGO VTRIVS, imperial crown; rare variety; $135.00 (€117.45)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Click for a larger photo Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME66666. Billon denaro, Biaggi 498 (R), MIR 355 (R2), MEC Italy III 660, gF, weight 0.568 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Brindisi mint, 1276; obverse + DEI GRA REX SICIL', KAR monogram, double omega above, pellet below; reverse DVC APVL' PRIC CAPE, cross pattée, lis in each quarter; rare; $130.00 (€113.10)

Kingdom of Naples and Sicily, Charles I of Anjou, 1266 - 1285
Click for a larger photo Charles I of Anjou was the King of Sicily by conquest from 1266, though he had received it as a papal grant in 1262. He was expelled from the island in the aftermath of the Sicilian Vespers of 1282.
ME66658. Bronze denaro, MIR 10 356 (R), MEC Italy III 665, Biaggi 499 var (legends reversed, NC), VF, weight 0.546 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 90o, Brindisi mint, 1277; obverse + •DEI•GRA•REX•SICIL•, •K• in frame of six arches; reverse + DVC APVL PRIC CAP, cross with trefoil at each end and star in each quarter; $125.00 (€108.75)

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Catalog current as of Wednesday, April 01, 2015.
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Medieval Italy