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Home>Catalog>MedievalCoins>France PAGE 1/212»»»

Medieval Coins of France


France, Louis XII, 8 April 1498 - 31 December 1514
Click for a larger photo To marry Anne of Brittany and absorb Brittany into France, Louis claimed his wife Joan of France was physically malformed and unable to consummate the marriage. Joan produced witnesses to Louis' boast of having "mounted my wife three or four times during the night." In a decision predetermined by politics, the marriage was annulled. After Anne died, Louis married Mary Tudor, the sister of Henry VIII, King of England. Louis had no living sons; he was desperate to produce an heir. He died less than three months after he married Mary, reputedly worn out by bedchamber exertions.
SL54549. Gold Ecu, Duplessy 647, NGC XF 40, Saint Lô mint, obverse crown, LVDOVICVS : DEI : GRA : FRANCORVM : REX, crowned arms of France, sun above, pellet mint mark at 19th position on inner border; reverse crown, XPS : VINCIT : XPS : REGNAT : XPS : IMPERAT, cross fleurée (arms ending in lis) with pellet inside quatrafoil in the center, pellet mint mark at 19th position on inner border; SOLD

Viscountship of Béziers, Feudal France, Roger I Trencavel, 1130 - 1150
Click for a larger photo From the 10th to the 12th century the viscounts of Béziers ruled most of the nearby coastal plain, including the city of Agde. They also controlled the major east-west route through Languedoc, roughly following the old Roman Via Domitia, with the two key bridges over the Orb at Béziers and over the Hérault at Saint-Thibéry.

Béziers was stronghold of Catharism, which the Catholic Church condemned as heretical. Albigensian crusaders gave the Catholics in the city an ultimatum to hand over the heretics or leave, but they refused. When asked how to tell Catholics from Cathars, the Crusader abbot supposedly replied, "Kill them all, God will know His own." The next day, 22 July 1209, the crusaders massacred almost 20,000 people, sparing no one, irrespective of rank, sex or age, not even the Catholic priests. The whole city was burned. The burning cathedral of Saint Nazaire collapsed on those who had taken refuge inside.
ME58631. Billon denier, cf. Roberts 4264, Poey 3822, F, crude, wavy flan, weight 0.840 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, Béziers mint, 1130 - 1150; obverse + ROGER VICECOME, cross pattée cantoned with two anchors; reverse : BITERIS CIVI, B-O-E-O around a center point; very rare; SOLD

France, Henry III, 1574 - 1589
Click for a larger photo Three months after Henri was made the elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork.

Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return.

During the French Revolution Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.

WO54363. Silver 1/8 Ecu, Duplessy 1134, VF, weight 4.850 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rennes mint, 1587; obverse SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTVM, crowned arms of France, V - III across fields, 9 (Rennes) below; reverse + HENRICVS III D G FRANC ET POL 1587, cross fleurée (arms ending in lis) with cruciform flower in the center; SOLD

Duchy of Normandy, France, William the Conqueror - Henry Beauclerc, c . 1076 - 1135 A.D.
Click for a larger photo The obverse legend for the similar coins has also been read as NORMANDVS, NORMANNIA and other variations, but all readings are likely only guesses of intent since the legends apparently are always blundered and incomplete. This coin was found in southern Italy. Other examples of similar degenerate temple type denier have been found in the Holyland.
ME68179. Silver denier, cf. Metcalf Crusaders 598; Dumas, Group C, pl. XX, 6 and 27; Poey-d'Avant -, F, crude, clipped (as typical), weight 0.722 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rouen(?) mint, obverse +NORMAN DVX (or similar, blundered, much off flan), cross pattee, pellet in each angle, thick inner border; reverse degenerate Carolingian temple type (degenerated to triangles, pellets, circles and arcs); very rare; SOLD

France, Duchy of Normandy, Robert Curthose (Robert II), 1087 - 1106
Click for a larger photo Robert Curthose (Robert II) was the Duke of Normandy from 1087 until 1106. Robert, the eldest son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders. His discord with his brothers began with a prank played by his younger brothers William Rufus and Henry, who dumped a full chamber-pot over his head, and ended when Henry invaded Normandy and imprisoned him for the rest of his life.
ME65602. Billon denier, cf. Roberts 4833, Poey-d, aF, clipped, scratches, weight 0.600 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, Rouen or Bayeux mint, obverse fonton with besant over cross, flanked on each side with a pellet over annulet; reverse NORMAN DVX, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; very rare; SOLD

Carolingians, West Frankish Kingdom, Charles the Simple, 897 - 922 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 911, a group of Vikings lead by Rollo besieged Paris and Chartres. Charles decided to negotiate. Rollo was granted lands for which he promised loyalty and military assistance. Rollo also agreed to be baptised and to marry Gisela, Charles' illegitimate daughter. Rollo's descendants were the Dukes of Normandy, and following the Norman conquest in 1066, kings of England.
ME67306. Silver denier, MEC I p. 552, 995; Roberts 1414 (Charles the Bald), Poey-dAvant -, F, weight 1.200 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Le Mans mint, obverse + GRATIA D-I REX, Karolus monogram; reverse + CIN◊MANIS CIVITAS, cross pattée; SOLD

France, The League in the Name of Henri III, 2 August 1589 - 23 January 1596
Click for a larger photo Three months after Henri was made the elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork.

Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return.

During the French Revolution Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.

ME65252. Silver half franc, Duplessy 1160, Roberts 3575, Lafaurie 1002, F, irregular flan with open cracks, weight 13.961 g, maximum diameter 32.6 mm, die axis 315o, Limoges mint, 1590 - 1591; obverse HENRICVS III D G FRANC ET POL REX (King of France and Poland), laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III right, •I• (mint mark) below; reverse + SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTVM (May the name of the Lord be blessed), cross of leaves each arm tipped with lis, H in the center; SOLD

France, Provincial Normandie, Henri I Beauclerc, 1106 - 1135
Click for a larger photo Henry I Beauclerc, the fourth son of William the Conqueror, was King of England from 1100 to 1135. On William's death, Henry's older brothers William Rufus and Robert Curthose inherited England and Normandy respectively. Henry was left landless. Henry purchased the County of Cotentin in western Normandy from Robert, but his brothers deposed him. Henry was present when William died in a hunting accident, and he seized the English throne. Henry invaded Normandy, defeated and imprisoned Robert for the rest of his life.
ME67311. Billon denier, Roberts 4487, Poey d'Avant -, Boudeau -, aF, weight 0.540 g, maximum diameter 16.9 mm, Rouen mint, c. 1108 - 1130; obverse cross pattée with open center; top arm forming small cross pattée; pellets in upper quarters, annulets in lower; reverse +NORMANNA, cross pattée, pellet in each quarter; very rare Norman issue of the English king Henry I; SOLD

France, Philip IV, 1285 - 1314 A.D.
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME47829. Silver Gros Tournois, Duplessy 213 ff., F, slightly grainy, weight 3.664 g, maximum diameter 25.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (outer), + PhILIPPVS REX (inner), cross pattée, legend around in two rows; reverse TVRONVS CIVIS, Châtel tournois topped with a cross, border of twelve lis within arches; SOLD

France, Philip IV, 1285 - 1314 A.D.
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME47830. Silver Gros Tournois, Duplessy 213 ff., F, slightly grainy, weight 3.749 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 195o, obverse + BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (outer), + PhILIPPVS REX (inner), cross pattée, legend around in two rows; reverse TVRONVS CIVIS, Châtel tournois topped with a cross, border of twelve lis within arches; SOLD

France, Philip IV, 1285 - 1314 A.D.
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME47831. Silver Gros Tournois, Duplessy 213 ff., F, slightly grainy, weight 3.826 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (outer), + PhILIPPVS REX (inner), cross pattée, legend around in two rows; reverse TVRONVS CIVIS, Châtel tournois topped with a cross, border of twelve lis within arches; SOLD

France, Philip IV, 1285 - 1314 A.D.
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME47833. Silver Gros Tournois, Duplessy 213 ff., F, slightly grainy, weight 3.628 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 45o, obverse + BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (outer), + PhILIPPVS REX (inner), cross pattée, legend around in two rows; reverse TVRONVS CIVIS, Châtel tournois topped with a cross, border of twelve lis within arches; SOLD

Carolingians, West Frankish Kingdom, Charles the Simple, 897 - 922 A.D., Reverse Brockage
Click for a larger photo In 911, a group of Vikings lead by Rollo besieged Paris and Chartres. Charles decided to negotiate. Rollo was granted lands for which he promised loyalty and military assistance. Rollo also agreed to be baptised and to marry Gisela, Charles' illegitimate daughter. Rollo's descendants were the Dukes of Normandy, and following the Norman conquest in 1066, kings of England.
ME65994. Silver denier, cf. MEC I, p. 552, 993 ff., VF, reverse brockage, weight 1.357 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, obverse incuse of reverse (normally GRATIA D-I REX, Karolus monogram); reverse CIN◊MANIS CIVITAS, cross pattée; SOLD

France, Philip IV, 1285 - 1314 A.D.
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME47832. Silver Gros Tournois, Duplessy 213 ff., aF, weight 3.720 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 90o, obverse + BNDICTV: SIT: NOmE: DNI: nRI: DEI: IhV. XPI (outer), + PhILIPPVS REX (inner), cross pattée, legend around in two rows; reverse TVRONVS CIVIS, Châtel tournois topped with a cross, border of twelve lis within arches; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME52432. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, VF, weight 1.179 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, IN-I-IC/AT around and inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, County of Anjou, Fulk IV, Geoffrey IV to Fulk V, 1060 - 1129
Click for a larger photo Fulk IV (French: Foulques) was Count of Anjou, 1068 - 1109. He supposedly wrote a history of Anjou and its rulers. Only the first part describing his ancestry, is extant. The second part, supposedly describing Fulk's own rule, is lost. If he did write it, it is one of the first medieval works of history written by a layman.

Geoffrey IV, called Martel (the Hammer), was Count of Anjou, 1103 until his early death in 1106, either co-ruling with his father, Fulk IV, or in opposition to him. He was popular with the Church and grew a reputation for curbing tyranny and opposing his violent father, who, according to Orderic Vitalis, enjoyed pillaging and terrorising his subjects.

Fulk the Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V), 1109 - 1129, and King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was also the paternal grandfather of Henry II of England.
ME67998. Silver denier, Poey-dAvant 1495, Boudeau 152 - 153 var, Roberts 4113 var, VF, clipped, weight 0.742 g, maximum diameter 16.2 mm, die axis 45o, Angers mint, obverse + VRBS ANDEGAVIS, reversed FVLKO monogram; reverse + FVLCO COMES, Croix cantonnée, alpha and omega in the 4th and 2d quarters; rare; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo
ME47858. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, gF, weight 1.274 g, maximum diameter 22.7 mm, die axis 180o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, flanked by NI-IC, I above, ΛT, inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47860. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, aVF, weight 1.148 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 90o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Provins, County of Champagne, Henry I - II, 1152 - 1197
Click for a larger photo The reverse design incorporates a rather clever pun. The reverse field contains a comb. When the French words for field (champs) and comb (peigne) are combined, the pun (champs-peigne) is revealed. Visual puns apparently delighted medieval man.
ME67300. Billon obol, Boudeau 1761 (Henri I, 12 Francs), Poey D'Avant 5973 var (no V), F, weight 0.323 g, maximum diameter 3.1 mm, die axis 45o, Provins mint, 1152 - 1197; obverse + HENRI COMES (Count Henry), cross cantonnée, pellet in 1st and 4th quadrants, star in 2nd quadrant, and annulet in 3rd quadrant; reverse CASTRI PRVVINS (Castle Provins), comb; three wedges forming a V above, flanked on each side by annulet; scarce; SOLD

France, Louis IX, 1226 - 1270
Click for a larger photo Saint Louis ruled during the so-called "golden century of Saint Louis," when France was at its height, both politically and economically. Louis was a devout Catholic, and he built the Sainte-Chapelle. He died at Tunis, during his second crusade. He is the only canonized king of France; consequently, there are many places named after him, most notably St. Louis, Missouri.
ME66988. Silver denier tournois, Roberts 2413, Duplessy 193A, F, weight 0.757 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 315o, Touraine mint, 1226 - 1270; obverse + LVDOVICVS•REX, cross pattée; reverse + TVRONIS•CIVIS, châtel tournois; SOLD

France, Philip IV the Fair, 1285 - 1314
Click for a larger photo King Philip IV, deeply in debt to the Knights Templar, took advantage of rumors about the Order's secret initiation ceremony. On Friday, October 13, 1307, he had the Order's members in France arrested (the origin of the Friday the 13th superstition). Pope Clement, under threat from Philip, instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. Many Templars were tortured into giving false confessions and burned at the stake. Grand Master Jacques de Molay, burned alive in Paris in 1314, called out from the flames, "Dieu sait qui a tort et a pëché. Il va bientot arriver malheur à ceux qui nous ont condamnés à mort" ("God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death"). Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.
ME58619. Silver double tournois, Duplessy 229, aVF, clashed dies, weight 1.020 g, maximum diameter 21.6 mm, die axis 180o, 1295 - 1303; obverse + PhILIPPVS REX, short cross pattée, lis in quarter; reverse + MON DVPLEX REGAL, roof of Châtel tournois, between lis; rare; SOLD

France, Henri IV, 1589 - 1610
Click for a larger photo
ME47846. Copper double tournois, Duplessy 1273, Lafaurie 1111, aVF, weight 3.087 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Paris mint, 1608; obverse HENRI•IIII•R•DE•FRAN•ET•NAV, laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry IV right, A (Paris mint mark) below; reverse + DOVBLE•TOVRNOIS•1608, three lis in the central field, two lis above, one below; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47849. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, gF, weight 1.202 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47856. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, aVF, weight 1.232 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Charles VI, 1380 - 1422
Click for a larger photo
ME48955. Silver florette, Duplessy 387, F, weight 3.254 g, maximum diameter 25.8 mm, die axis 270o, 1st royal emission, 1417; obverse +KAROLVS:FRANCORV:REX, crown above 3 lis; reverse +SIT:NOME:DNI:BENEDICTV, cross fleury with crown in two angles; SOLD

France, Duchy of Aquitaine, William X, 1126 - 9 April 1137
Click for a larger photo
The Duchy of Aquitaine, governed under the supremacy of Frankish, English, and French kings, was much larger than the present-day French region.

The year that William X was born his father left on crusade. He later abandoned Williams's mother, which strained the relationship between father and son, until William married the daughter of his father's mistress. William was a lover of the arts and a warrior. He resolved internal challenges with the total destruction of his enemies and fought with both Normandy and France. Defying his own bishops, William initially supported antipope Anacletus II in the schism of 1130, but later supported Pope Innocent. He died, probably from food poisoning, on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela.
Duchy of Aquitaine
ME67994. Silver denier, Roberts 4311, Boudeau 464, Poey-dAvant 2735, gVF, edge chip, weight 0.702 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 225o, Bordeaux mint, 1127 - 9 April 1137; obverse +GIVILILMO, four crosslets; reverse +BVRDEGVLA, cross pattée; SOLD

France, Carolingians, Kingdom of West Francia, Charles the Simple - Louis d’Outremer, 900 - 950 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Some authorities date the last immobilized Melle mint types of Charles the Bald struck by the Counts of Poitiers as late as 1300.
ME67993. Silver denier, Immobilized Melle mint type of Charles the Bald; Roberts 3862, Poey-dAvant 2424, cf. Depeyrot 629, aVF, edge chip, weight 0.587 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Counts of Poitiers, Melle mint, 900 - 950 A.D.; obverse + CARLVS REX R, cross pattée; reverse MET/ΛLO; SOLD

France, Louis IX, 1226 - 1270
Click for a larger photo Saint Louis ruled during the so-called "golden century of Saint Louis," when France was at its height, both politically and economically. Louis was a devout Catholic, and he built the Sainte-Chapelle. He died at Tunis, during his second crusade. He is the only canonized king of France; consequently, there are many places named after him, most notably St. Louis, Missouri.
ME66650. Silver denier tournois, Roberts 2413, Duplessy 193A, VF, weight 0.932 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, die axis 45o, Touraine mint, obverse + LVDOVICVS•REX, cross pattée; reverse + TVRONIS•CIVIS, châtel tournois; SOLD

France, Philip III, 1270 - 1285, medieval Counterfeit
Click for a larger photo
ME54782. Fouree silver plated denier tournois, cf. Duplessy 204 (official, silver), gF, traces of silvering, weight 0.741 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 270o, illegal mint, obverse +PHILIPVS • REX, cross pattée; reverse TVRONVS • CIVIS, châtel tournois; SOLD

France, Henri IV, 1574 - 1589, Marriage Treizain
Click for a larger photo Gold plated, likely to serve as a marriage treizain, a medal blessed and exchanged by couples on the day of their marriage. This custom lasted until the 19th century.
ME47844. Copper double tournois, Duplessy 1273, gF, weight 3.047 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, Paris mint, 1605; obverse HENRI•IIII•R•DE•FRAN•ET•NAV A, laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III right, A (Paris mint mark) below; reverse + DOVBLE•TOVRNOIS•1605, three lis in the central field, two lis above, one below; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47850. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, gF, weight 1.147 g, maximum diameter 22.4 mm, die axis 0o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47851. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, gF, weight 1.140 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 225o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47857. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, F, weight 1.257 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, die axis 135o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47859. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, gF, weight 1.193 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 315o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

Strasbourg, France, Louis XIV, 1683
Click for a larger photo Under Louis XIV, the Sun King, France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
WO54808. Silver 2 sols, Duplessy 1598, Krause 246, aVF, crease, weight 1.433 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 180o, Strasbourg mint, 1683; obverse MONE NOV ARGENTINEN:, large fleur-de-lis; reverse GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO, •II• / •SOLS• / •1683•; SOLD

France, Louis XIV the Sun King, 1643 - 1715, Counterfeit
Click for a larger photo Under Louis XIV, the Sun King, France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
WO58408. Silver 1/12th ecu, counterfeit, low weight, debased silver; cf. Duplessy 1464, Krause KM 199.5 (official, Limoges mint, c. 2.287 grams), F, small crack, weight 1.500 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 180o, illegal counterfeiter's mint, 1662; obverse D.G.ER.EINAV.IRXI.IIVD.XIIII (or similar, blundered), young portrait right, laureate, armored and draped; reverse SII.NOΛEN,DOΛIRV.ERNE...CIΛV.1661 (or similar, blundered), crowned arms of France (shield with three lis), I (Limoges mint mark) below; SOLD

France, Louis XIV the Sun King, 1643 - 1715
Click for a larger photo Under Louis XIV, the Sun King, France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.
WO59110. Silver 1/12th ecu, Duplessy 1464, Krause KM 199.11, VF, weight 2.330 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Saint-Andre de Villeneuve-les-Avignon mint, 1661; obverse D.G.FR.ET.NAV.REX.LVD.XIIII, young portrait right, laureate, armored and draped; reverse SIT.NOMEN,DOMIN.BENEDICTVM.1661, crowned arms of France (shield with three lis), •R• (mint mark) below; SOLD

France, Abbots of Souvigny, 1080 - 1213
Click for a larger photo
ME66359. Billon denier, Roberts 4916, Poey-dAvant 2169, F, weight 0.610 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 90o, Souvigny mint, 1080 - 1213; obverse SCS MAIOLVS, facing bust of St. Maieur, crozier right; reverse + SILVINIACO, plain short cross; SOLD

France, Carolingians, Kingdom of West Francia, Lothaire, 10 September 954 - 2 March 986
Click for a larger photo
ME66360. Silver denier, Immobilized Melle mint type of Charles the Bald; Roberts 3863, Poey-dAvant 2444, cf. Depeyrot 629, Fair, weight 0.547 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 45o, Count of Poitiers, Melle mint, 955 - 986 A.D.; obverse + CARLVS REX R, cross pattée; reverse MET/ΛLO, cross above and below; SOLD

County of La Marche, France, Hugues IX of Lusignan, 1199 - 1219 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 1208, Hugh IX sold his land to his son and left to spend the rest of his life on crusade in the Holy Land where he died at Damietta, 5 November 1219.
ME47186. Billon denier, Boudeau 437, VF, weight 0.881 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, obverse + MARCHIE *, crosslet surrounded by two crescents and two annulets, within inner border; reverse + VGO COMES, cross pattée; rare; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47848. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, gF, weight 1.292 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 315o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; miniscule piercing in third quadrant; rare; SOLD

County of La Marche, France, Hugues IX of Lusignan, 1199 - 1219 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 1208, Hugh IX sold his land to his son and left to spend the rest of his life on crusade in the Holy Land where he died at Damietta, 5 November 1219.
ME47185. Billon denier, Boudeau 437, aVF, weight 0.780 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, obverse + MARCHIE *, crosslet surrounded by two crescents and two annulets, within inner border; reverse + VGO COMES, cross pattée; rare; SOLD

County of La Marche, France, Hugues IX of Lusignan, 1199 - 1219 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 1208, Hugh IX sold his land to his son and left to spend the rest of his life on crusade in the Holy Land where he died at Damietta, 5 November 1219.
ME47189. Billon denier, Boudeau 437, aVF, weight 0.804 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, obverse + MARCHIE *, crosslet surrounded by two crescents and two annulets, within inner border; reverse + VGO COMES, cross pattée; rare; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47854. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, F, weight 1.258 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 270o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

France, Louis XIII, 1610 - 1643
Click for a larger photo James I's ambassador to Paris, Edward Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Cherbury, remarked on Louis' extreme congenital speech impediment, and his double teeth: "..the king [Louis] assured me of a reciprocal affection to the king [James] my master, and of my particular welcome to his Court: his words were never many, as being so extreme a stutterer that he would sometimes hold his tongue out of his mouth a good while before he could speak so much as one word; he had besides a double row of teeth, and was observed seldom or never to spit or blow his nose, or to sweat much, tho he were very laborious and almost indefatigable in his exercises of hunting or hawking, to which he was much addicted.."
ME48689. Copper double tournois, Duplessy 1358, VF, weight 2.884 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, Amiens mint, 1615; obverse •LOVIS•XIII RDE• FRAN•ET•NAVA, laureate bust right within circle, X (Amiens mint mark) below; reverse +DOVBLE TOVRNOIS•1615, three lis in the central field within circle, two lis above, one below; SOLD

France, Duchy of Aquitaine, William X, 1126 - 9 April 1137
Click for a larger photo
The Duchy of Aquitaine, governed under the supremacy of Frankish, English, and French kings, was much larger than the present-day French region.

William X, called the Saint, was Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, and Count of Poitou (as William VIII) between 1126 and 1137. On his deathbed, he expressed his wish to see king Louis VI of France as protector of his fifteen-year-old daughter Eleanor, and to find her a suitable husband. Louis VI married the heiress of Aquitaine to his own son, Louis VII, but this marriage was annulled, on grounds of consanguinity. Eleanor later married Henry II of England. Henry was welcomed in Aquitaine and their son, Richard, came to take the duchy from French to Angevin control.
Duchy of Aquitaine
ME65850. Billon denier, Boudeau 464, Roberts 4309, aVF, weight 0.609 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Bordeaux mint, obverse + CLVILILMO, four crosslets forming one cross, annulet in center; reverse + BVRDECIILA, coss pattée; SOLD

France, Philip I, 1060 - 1108 A.D.
Click for a larger photo Philip's name, exotic for Western Europe at the time, was derived from Philippos (Greek, meaning "lover of horses"). He was crowned at seven, his mother was the first queen of France to act as regent. Philip was excommunicated after he repudiated his first wife (claiming she was too fat) and taking another. His reign was extraordinarily long for the time.
ME47852. Silver denier, Duplessy 50, Roberts 2376, F, weight 1.248 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 135o, Orléans mint, obverse + PHILIPVS X REX D-I, Gate, NI-I-IC around, AT inside; reverse + AVRELIANIS CIVITA, cross cantonnée, S in the 1st and 4th quadrants; SOLD

County of La Marche, France, Hugues IX of Lusignan, 1199 - 1219 A.D.
Click for a larger photo In 1208, Hugh IX sold his land to his son and left to spend the rest of his life on crusade in the Holy Land where he died at Damietta, 5 November 1219.
ME47188. Billon denier, Boudeau 437, aVF, weight 0.925 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, die axis 0o, obverse + MARCHIE *, crosslet surrounded by two crescents and two annulets, within inner border; reverse + VGO COMES, cross pattée; rare; SOLD

France, Louis IX, Saint Louis, 1226 - 1270 A.D.
Click for a larger photo St Louis was renowned for his charity. The peace and blessings of the realm come to us through the poor he would say. Beggars were fed from his table, he ate their leavings, washed their feet, ministered to the wants of lepers, and daily fed over one hundred poor. He founded the House of the Felles-Dieu for reformed prostitutes, the Quinze-Vingt for 300 blind men, and hospitals at Pontoise, Vernon, and Compiégne.
ME47825. Silver denier tournois, Duplessy 193, Thomsen 2945, Roberts 2413, F, weight 0.955 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Tours mint, 1266 - 1270; obverse + LVDOVICVS REX, cross within inner beaded circle; reverse + TURONVS CIVIS, castle tournois; SOLD

France, Henri III, 1574 - 1589
Click for a larger photo Three months after Henri was made the elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, his brother, Charles IX of France, died and Henri returned to France to assume the French throne. Henri brought several Polish inventions back to France, including septic facilities which deposited excrement outside the castle walls, a bath with regulated hot and cold water, and the fork.

Henri gave protestant Huguenots the right of public worship, except in Paris and at Court. In response, Henry I, Duke of Guise, formed the Catholic League. Henri III was eventually forced to flee Paris. After he had the duke assassinated, Henri III prepared to return to Paris but was murdered before he could return.

During the French Revolution Henri III was disinterred from his tomb, his body was desecrated and thrown into a common grave.
ME47834. Copper double tournois, Duplessy 1152, CGKL 84, Lafaurie 992, F, wavy, dings, scratches, weight 3.203 g, maximum diameter 20.8 mm, die axis 180o, Paris mint, 1579; obverse HENRI•III•R•DE•FRAN•ET•POL, laureate and cuirassed bust of Henry III right, A (Paris mint mark) below; reverse + DOVBLE•TOVRNOIS•1579, three lis in the central field, two lis above, one below; SOLD



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REFERENCES

Boudeau, E. Monnaies Françaises Provinciales. (Maastricht, 1970).
Duplessy, J. Les monnaies françaises royales de Hugues Capet à Louis XVI (987-1793). (Paris, 1988).
Grierson, P. and M. Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage, Vol. 1: The Early Middle Ages (5th - 10th Centuries). (Cambridge, 2007).
Poey-d'Avant, F. Monnaies Féodales de France. (1858).
Roberts, J.N. The Silver Coins of Medieval France (476-1610 AD). (South Salem, NY, 1996).

Catalog current as of Friday, August 29, 2014.
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Medieval France