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Licinius I, 11 November 308 - 18 September 324 A.D.
Colonia Augusta Treverorum was the capital of Roman Belgica and served as the capital of the Gallic Empire under the emperors Tetricus I and II from 271 to 274. Dates of operation: 294 - 395, 408 - 413 and c. 430. mint marks: SMTR, TR, TRE, TROB, TRPS.SH34997. Billon argenteus, RIC VI Treveri 825 (R3), Cohen 99 (3 Fr.), Choice gVF, weight 2.306 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 125o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, c. 310 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP LICI-NIVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, mappa in right, spear over shoulder in left; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI AVG (to Jupiter the protector of the emperor), Licinius borne aloft by eagle right, wings spread, head left, emperor holds scepter in left and thunderbolt in right, PTR in exergue; near perfect centering, some softness as is typical on this series, good metal; very rare; SOLD
Kyme, Aiolis, 350 - 250 B.C.
Cyme, one of the oldest Aeolian cities, was probably a colony of Cyme in Euboea, though according to tradition it was founded by the Amazon Kyme. Its large capable port was a valuable maritime asset to the Persian Empire, contributing ships to Dareios in 512 B.C. and to Xerxes in 480 B.C. After the Battle of Salamis, the remnants of Xerxes' fleet wintered at Cyme. After Persia, Aeolis was held successively by the Macedonians, Seleucids, Pergamenes, Romans, Byzantine, and Ottomans.GB27535. Bronze AE 18, SNG Cop 46 - 68 var., SGCV II 4187 var., Weber 5485 ff. var., BMC Troas p. 107, 27 ff. var. (all var. magistrate), aVF, weight 4.017 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 0o, Kyme (near Nemrut Limani, Turkey) mint, 3rd century B.C.; obverse [...]EΣTΩP, eagle standing right; reverse one-handled vase, K-Y across field; rare variety; SOLD
Tyre, Phoenicia, 91 - 90 B.C., The Temple Tax Coin
SH15316. Silver half shekel, Phoenicia 242, 129 var. (beth between legs); Cohen DCA 919-37 (C); Baramki AUB -, gVF, weight 7.082 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 90 - 89 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle standing left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date ZΛ (year 37) over club & palm left, ∆ (control) right, Phoenician letter samekh between legs; SOLD
Tyre, Phoenicia, 111 - 110 B.C., Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver
Judas' 30 Pieces of Silver "Then one of the 12, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, and said unto them, 'What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you?' And they covenanted with him for 30 pieces of silver." Matthew 26:14-15. Shekels of Tyre were the only currency accepted at the Jerusalem Temple and are the most likely coinage with which Judas was paid for the betrayal of Christ.
The Temple Tax Coin "..go to the sea and cast a hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou has opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them [the temple tax collectors] for me and thee." Since the tax was one half shekel per man the coin would have to be a shekel to pay the tax for both Jesus and Peter. Matthew 17:24-27SL86641. Silver shekel, BMC Phoenicia p. 237, 85; Cohen DCA 919-18 (C); Baramki AUB -, NGC Ch AU*, strike 5/5, surface 5/5 (4280576-003), weight 14.20 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, 109 - 108 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Melqart right, lion's skin knotted around neck; reverse TYPOY IEPAΣ KAI AΣYΛOY (of Tyre the holy and inviolable), eagle left, right foot on ship's ram, palm frond behind, date HI (year 18) over club and palm frond left, ZB right, Phoenician letter beth between legs; NGC| Lookup; SOLD
Taras, Calabria, Pyrrhus of Epirus, c. 280 B.C.
Certificate of Authenticity issued by David R. Sear.
Gold coins of Magna Graecia are scarce and were only minted for exceptional occasions, such as paying mercenaries. In 279 BC, Pyrrhus forces, supporting the Greek cities of southern Italy, met and defeated the Romans at the battle of Asculum in Apulia. Pyrrhus, however, lost many men, several close associates, and all of his baggage. When one of his soldiers congratulated him on his victory, he famously replied: "Another such victory and we are ruined!" From this we have the term Pyrrhic victory, a victory achieved at ruinous cost.
SH24865. Gold quarter stater, Fischer-Bossert p. 370, G59g and pl. 68 (this coin); HN Italy 986; Vlasto 49; SNG ANS 1043, VF, weight 2.134 g, maximum diameter 11.7 mm, die axis 225o, Taras (Taranto, Italy) mint, c. 280 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, AP monogram behind; reverse TAPANTINΩN, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, (AP monogram) left; ex Hess-Leu, 27th March 1956, lot 12; rare; SOLD
Didius Julianus, 28 March - 2 June 193 A.D.
Didius Julianus was born in 133 A.D. and followed a military career. He rose to the rank of legion commander, then Consul and Proconsul of Africa. After Pertinax was murdered, the Praetorian Guard (the emperor's personal bodyguard force) advertised that they were offering the throne to the highest bidder. If not the richest, Didius Julianus was one the richest men in Rome and offered 25,000 sestertii for each man! The Roman people were incensed by the auction and several provincial governors rose up against him. As Septimius Severus approached Rome, only 66 days into his reign, Didius Julianus was betrayed and beheaded by the Praetorians. Coins of Didius Julianus are very rare due to his short reign.SH33682. Silver denarius, RIC IV 1 (R3), RSC III 2, BMCRE V 2, SRCV II 6072, Hunter III -, nice VF, weight 2.824 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 28 Mar - late May 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES M DID IVLIAN AVG, laureate head right; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing half-left, legionary aquila (eagle) standard in right hand, signum standard in left hand; very rare; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Alexander IV, c. 316 - 311 B.C.
Susa, the Biblical Shushan, is one of man's oldest cities. People were living at the acropolis by 5000 B.C. and urban structures date from about 4000 B.C. Susa was the capital of Elam and a favorite residence of the Persian king Darius I the Great. Seleucus I annexed Susa to his province c. 311 B.C. A Parthian winter capital, Trajan captured it, making it the easternmost point of the Roman Empire at its apex. He was, however, soon forced to withdraw. In 1218, the city was completely destroyed by invading Mongols. The modern town of Shush, Iran is located at the site of ancient Susa.
Struck under Aspeisas, satrap of Susiana, c. 316 - 311 B.C.SH31090. Silver tetradrachm, Price 3857, Müller Alexander -, SNG Cop -, EF, nice-style, well centered, sharp, and fantastic sculptural high-relief, weight 17.182 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 225o, Susa (Shush, Iran) mint, Aspeisas, satrap of Susiana, c. 316 - 311 B.C.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros enthroned left, eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand wreath left, AI (above strut) over PΠ monogram under throne; scarce; SOLD
Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy IV Philopator, 221 - 204 B.C.
An apparently unique tetradrachm with the Akko mintmark and the two letters perhaps associated with Sosibius, advisor to Ptolemy IV.
Ptolemy IV's surname Philopator means father lover, ironic since according to some authorities he poisoned his father. Ptolemy IV is a major protagonist of the apocryphal 3 Maccabees, which describes events following the Battle of Raphia, in both Jerusalem and Alexandria. He was a cruel and evil monarch.SH64462. Silver tetradrachm, unpublished, cf. Svoronos 786 (Ptolemy II, different monogram), SNG Milan -, SNG Cop -; BMC Ptolemies -, Noeske -, Hosking -, VF, weight 13.792 g, maximum diameter 25.5 mm, die axis 0o, Galilee, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 205 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY ΣΩTHPOΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, ΠTο monogram at left, retrograde ΣΩ right; perhaps unique; SOLD
Macedonian Kingdom, Philip III and Alexander IV, c. 323 - 317 B.C., In the Name of Alexander
Struck after Alexander's death, under either Perdikkas or Antipater, regents during the joint reign of Alexander's mentally disabled half-brother, Philip III, and Alexander's infant son, Alexander IV. Philip was the bastard son of Philip II and a dancer, Philinna of Larissa. Alexander the Great's mother, Olympias, allegedly poisoned her stepson Philip III as a child, leaving him mentally disabled, eliminating him as a rival to Alexander. Neither Philip III nor Alexander IV was capable of actual rule. Both were selected only to serve as pawns. The regents held power, while Philip III was actually imprisoned. In 317, Olympias had Philip murdered to ensure the succession of her grandson. But Alexander IV would never rule. In 311 B.C., he and his mother Roxana were executed by the regent Kassander.SH86161. Silver tetradrachm, Price 113, Müller Alexander 224, Troxell issue H3, SNG Cop 682, SNG Munchen 275, SNG Alpha Bank 503, SNG Delepierre 986, Choice EF, attractive archaic style, bold well centered strike, high relief, light toning, weight 17.283 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 90o, Macedonia, Amphipolis mint, c. 322 - 320 A.D.; obverse head of Herakles right, wearing Nemean Lion skin, scalp over head, forepaws tied at neck; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY, Zeus Aëtophoros seated left on throne without back, right leg forward (archaic lifetime style), eagle in extended right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, Macedonian helmet (control symbol) left; Classical Numismatic Group auction 105 (10 May 2017), lot 78; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 46 (11 Sep 2016), lot 105 (realized €1,900 plus fees); SOLD
Baktria, Diodotus I as Satrap for Antiochus II Theos, c. 255 - 250 B.C.
Diodotus I was the Seleukid governor of Baktro-Sogdiana early in Antiochos II's reign. His first coinage was issued with the Seleukid monarch's portrait. He then issued coins, like this one, with his own portrait, yet retaining the name of Antiochos as king. Diodotus' territory was so remote that he was king in all but title. About 250 B.C., he took the title too and issued coins as king in his own name (BAΣIΛEΩΣ ∆IO∆OTOY).
Recent scholarship shows that Ai Khanoum (Greek name uncertain) was the principal mint of the region, located on the frontier between Afghanistan and the former Soviet Union.SH33186. Gold stater, Houghton-Lorber I 630, Newell ESM 723, SGCV II 7497, gVF, obverse test cut, weight 8.310 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Ai Khanoum mint, obverse diademed head of middle-aged Diodotus I right; reverse BAΣIΛEΩΣ ANTIOXOY, Zeus striding left, naked, aegis over extended left arm, hurling fulmen with raised right, wreath over eagle inner left; rare; SOLD